April 25, 2013
By Geri Silveira
Say “test pilot,” and whose name comes to mind? For most people, it’s Chuck Yeager, the first test pilot to break the sound barrier in the Bell X-1 in 1947.
While military test pilots make up the bulk of the profession, there are also civilian test pilots who work for aerospace industries, governments, and certification agencies. Even a few private citizens become test pilots. So, if you have an inner Yeager waiting to be freed, it’s possible to become a civilian test pilot or a flight test engineer.
According to their websites, the U.S. Air Force and U.S. Navy offer training opportunities for some civilian flight test engineers. Nonmilitary pilots also can train at the Empire Test Pilots’ School in the United Kingdom and possibly at other international locations.
National Test Pilot School, however, welcomes anyone who’s qualified. Located at Mojave Air and Space Port, it’s adjacent to the famous Edwards Air Force Base in Southern California.
Founded in 1981, National Test Pilot School is a not-for-profit organization whose goal is to educate and train test pilots and flight test engineers to successfully plan and execute flight test programs. Over the years, the school has trained thousands of pilots and flight test engineers from more than 30 countries. Today, it employs instructors from all over the world and has three hangars full of airplanes, ranging from classics like the DC-3, Bonanza, and Sabreliner to the modern Cirrus SR22 and Diamond DA42 to a handful of former military helicopters and jets. The facility also includes numerous classrooms, flight simulators, flight test engineer stations, and a library.
National Test Pilot School President and CEO Allen Peterson is a former master Army aviator with 3,500 hours in more than 60 different fixed-wing and rotary-wing aircraft. “Test pilots are a very small group,” he said. “The profession takes a lot of training, both academic and flying.” Although generally not pilots, flight test engineers go through rigorous academic training, including gathering data while riding on real test flights.
Test pilots share many common traits. “In general,” Peterson said, “They are curious. They want to know how the aircraft flies and why it flies.” And they are always analyzing. “Test pilots are never satisfied,” Peterson remarked, “They are continually looking for ways to improve the aircraft.”
Courses are designed to fit the mission and run as long as 12 months to as little as one day. The top-of-the-line professional course is for pilots and flight test engineers who require the full scope of instruction. Other options range from programs focusing on a specific subset of flight test knowledge to introductory flight test courses.
On a cold morning at Mojave Air and Space Port, I clamber into a Merlin aircraft operated by the National Test Pilot School, the only civilian test pilot school in the United States.
Pilot Yannis, co-pilot Rachel, four flight test engineering students, and I depart for a typical flight-test exercise. Two students work for Embraer, one is a member of the U.S. Air Force Reserve, and one is Mojave Air and Space Port’s director of marketing and business development.
Our mission is to gather data for two tests: longitudinal static stability and maneuvering stability. Several workstations in the airplane, each with a computer, allow us to gather data such as Gs and force elevator. When our pilot enters a maneuver, he calls out “Read, read, read,” which is our window to gather data, and we hurry to record it. Our task requires focus, so we’re a serious foursome until the Merlin pushes over to 0 Gs, and we’re momentarily weightless. Then we all break out into laughter and smiles. After an hour’s flight we land, ready to analyze our data.
Rafael sums up the lure of flight-test engineering: “It combines my love of aviation with engineering.”
The Society of Experimental Test Pilots
Although not essential, it’s best to have a strong background in math, science, or engineering. And save your dollars, because the courses can be pricey. A one-day refresher on crew resource management for flight testers costs $500, according to the website, while a one-year test pilot professional course costs $950,000.
Test pilots earn $70,000 to $150,000 or more annually. And the future is bright for these professionals, with new aircraft being designed and a proliferation of new flight systems.
While almost all civilian test pilots and flight test engineers land aerospace or government jobs, any pilot can benefit from more knowledge: Just save your bucks, brush up on your math, and go back to school.
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