AOPA Online

October 1, 2000

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T. Kurcz aircraft performance/cost comparison ranked by 75% cruise speed. T. Kurcz
07/11/00 update
Category/
Aircraft
Mooney
Ovation M20R-II
Mooney
Eagle M20S
Beechcraft
Bonanza
A-36
Bellanca
Super Viking
17-30A
Socata
Trinidad
TB20
New Piper
Saratoga II HP
Commander 115
Engine TCM
IO550-G5
TCM
IO550-G5
TCM
IO550-B
TCM
IO550-B
LYC
IO540-
C4D5D
LYC
IO540-
K1G5
LYC
IO540-
T4-B5
Horsepower 280@2500 244@2400 300@2700 300@2700 250@2575 300@2700 260@2700
TBO 2000hrs 2000hrs 1700hrs 1700hrs 2000hrs 2000hrs 2000hrs
Propeller McCauley
2-bl.
McCauley
2-bl.
Hartzell
3-bl.
McCauley
3-bl.
Hartzell
2-bl.
Hartzell
3-bl.
McCauley
3-bl.
Max rate
of climb
@ gross SL/20C
1250fpm 1150fpm 1200fpm 1200fpm 1200fpm 1050fpm 1050fpm
Max rate
of climb
@ gross 5000'/20C
890fpm 850fpm 850fpm 895fpm 850fpm 645fpm 640fpm
Max rate
of climb
@ gross 10,000'/0C
650fpm 650fpm 580fpm 650fpm 550fpm 425fpm 365fpm
Service
ceiling
20000msl 18500msl 18500msl 20000msl 20000msl 15600msl 16800msl
Cruise @
75%
192@
16gph/
8000
@WOT/
2500
180@
14.8gph/
8000
@WOT/
2400
176@
19.4gph/
6500
@WOT/
2500
170@
16.0gph/
7500
@WOT/
2500
163@
15.9gph/
6500
@WOT/
2400
160@
18.5gph/
8000
@WOT/
2400
150@
14.3gph/
6000
@2500
Cruise @
65%
179@
12.2gph/
8000
@2500
168@
12.9gph/
8000
@2300
167@
16gph/
8000
@2300
160@
14.0gph/
7500
@2400
157@
14.0gph/
6500
@2300
155@
16.5gph/
8000
@2300
144@
12.0gph/
6000
@2400
Cruise @
55%
158@
9.7gph/
10000
@2400
155@
9.2gph/
10000
@2300
149@
14gph/
8000
@2100
150@
12.0gph/
10000
@2400
144@
12.3gph
/8500
@2200
145@
14.5gph/
8000
@2200
133@
10.7gph/
6000
@2300
Cross-wind capability 13kt 13kt 17kt 17kt 25kt 17kt 19kt
Takeoff
over 50'
@gross SL/20C/
ZW
2600ft 2000ft 1913ft 1420ft 2150ft 1770ft 1985ft
Landing
over 50'
@gross SL/20C/
ZW
2500ft @ 3200lb 2400ft 1450ft 1340ft 1820ft @
2943lb
1520ft @
3300lb
1200ft @
3140lb
Takeoff
over 50'
@gross 2000'/20C/
ZW
3000ft 2400ft 2500ft 1680ft 2600ft 1925ft 2660ft
Landing
over 50'
@gross 2000'/20C/
ZW
2800ft @ 3200lb 2800ft 1600ft 1425ft 1900ft @
2943lb
1650ft @
3300lb
1300ft @
3140lb
Gear extension speed 140kts 140kts 154kts 139kts 129kts 132kts 130kts
Flap
extension speed
110kts 110kts 154kts 104kts 129kts 112kts 150kts
@20deg.,
111kts
@35deg.
Stall
speed
cruise
config.
66kts 66kts 68kts 66kts 70kts 65kts 61kts
Stall
speed
landing
config.
59kts 59kts 59kts 57kts 59kts 60kts 56kts
G-load
cruise
config.
+3.8/-1.5 +3.8/-1.5 +4.4/-1.76 +3.8/-1.5 +3.8 +3.8 +3.8/-1.52
G-load
landing
config.
+2.0/-0.0 +2.0/-0.0 +3.0/-0.0 Not
published
+2.0 +2.0 +2.0/-0.0
Max
takeoff
weight
3368lbs (3200lbs landing) 3200lbs 3650lbs 3325lbs 3086lbs 3600lbs 3250lbs
Empty
weight
w/IFR eq.
2361lbs
well
equipped
2209lbs
as tested AOPA
2536bs
well equipped
(hot prop,
no A/C)

2312lbs
as tested
AOPA

1944lbs
as tested AOPA
2384lbs
well
equipped
2102lbs
Useable
fuel
89gal 75gal 74gal

84gal w/
LR option

86gal 102gal 88gal
Theoretical
range
@ 75%
5.5hrs/
1045nm
5.0hrs/
900nm
3.8hrs/
680nm
5.25hrs/
892nm
5.4hrs/
880nm
6.0hrs/
995nm
6.15hrs/
923nm
IFR range
@75%/
720#
payload
(.75hr res.)
2.8hr/
552nm
(@192kts)
2.2hr/
405nm
(@180kts)
2.6hr/
466nm
(@176kts)
2.2hr/
382nm
(@170kts)
3.6hr/
594nm
(@163kts)
3.6hr/
584nm
(@160kts)
4.3hr/
652nm
(@150kts)
IFR range
@55%/
720#
payload
(.75hr res.)
5.1hr/
805nm
(@158kts)
4.1hrs/
635nm
(@155kts)
3.9hrs/
581nm
(@149kts)
3.3hrs/
495nm
(@150kts)
4.9hrs/
705nm
(@144kts)
4.9hrs/
710nm
(@145kts)

6.0hrs/
798nm
(@133kts)

Useful load 1065lbs
well
equipped
991lbs
well
equipped
1114lbs
well
equipped
1013lbs
well
equipped
1142lbs
well
equipped
1216lbs
well
equipped
1158lbs
factory
equipped
Fuel weight
w/full fuel
534lbs 450lbs 444lbs 504lbs 516lbs 642lbs 528lbs
Payload
w/full fuel
531lbs 541lbs 670lbs 509lbs 626lbs 574lbs 630lbs
720lb
payload fuel/range available
345lb/
57.5gal/
3.6hr/
682nm
(gross)
271lb/
45.1gal/
3.0hrs/
540nm
(gross)
394lbs/
65.6gal/
3.4hrs/
602nm
(gross)
293lb/
48.8gal/
3.0hrs/
518nm
(gross)
422lbs/
70gal/
4.4hrs/
717nm
(gross)
496lbs/
82.6gal/
4.4hrs/
732nm
( gross)
438lbs/
73gal/
5.1hrs/
765nm
(gross)
440lb
payload fuel/range available
625lb/
89gal/
5.5hr/
1045nm
(+90lb
=gross)
551lbs/
75gal/
912nm
(+101lb
=gross)
674lbs/
74gal/
3.8hr/
680nm
(+230lb
=gross)
573lb/
(84gal)/
5.25hr/
892nm
(+69lb
=gross)
702lbs/
86gal/
5.4hrs/
880nm
(+186lb
=gross)
776lbs/
102gal/
5.5hr/
904nm
(+140lb
=gross)
718lbs/
88gal/
6.1hrs/
923nm
(+190lb
=gross)
270lb
payload fuel/range available
795lbs/
89gal/
5.5hr/
1045nm
(+261lb
=gross)
721lbs/
75gal/
5.0hr/
900nm
(+271lb
=gross)
844lbs/
74gal/
3.8hr/
680nm
(+400
=gross)
743lbs/
(84gal)/
5.25hr/
892nm
(+239lb
=gross)
872lbs/
86gal/
5.4hrs/
880nm
(+356lb
=gross)
946lbs/
102gal/
5.5hr/
904nm
(+304lb
=gross)
888lbs/
88gal/
6.1hrs/
923nm
(+360lb
=gross)
Fuel cost/
economy @75%/
100hrs ($2.50/gal)
$4020 / 12.0nmpg ($.209/nm) $3720 / 12.16nmpg
($.206/nm)
$4850 /
9.07nmpg
($.275/nm)
$4000 /
10.62nmpg ($.235/nm)
$3975 /
10.25nmpg ($.243/nm)
$4625 / 8.64nmpg ($.289/nm) $3575 / 10.48nmpg ($.238/nm)
Baggage capacity
max.
120lbs 120lbs 70lbs@
rear
compartment
186lbs 143lbs 200lbs 200lbs
Power
loading
lb/hp
@ max
12.1lb/hp 13.1lb/hp 12.2lb/hp 11.1lb/hp 12.3lb/hp 12lb/hp 12.5lb/hp
Wing
loading
19.3lbs/
sq.ft.
19.3lbs/sq.ft. 19.9lbs/sq.ft. 20.6lbs/sq.ft. 24.1lbs/sq.ft. 20.2lbs/sq.ft. 21.4lbs/sq.ft.
Limitations Normal category, day/night
IFR
Normal category, day/night IFR Utility
category,
day/night
IFR
Normal category, day/night IFR Normal category, day/night IFR Normal category, day/night IFR Normal
category,
day/night
IFR
Tannis
heater
STC STC STC Factory option STC STC STC
IFR price w/dual
Garmin
430's
$419K $344K $540K $408K $348K $410K $425K
Warranty coverage 24moA
(24mo/
720hrE)
24moA (24mo/720hrE) 12mo/
1000hrsA
(36moE)
36mo/500hrsA (24mo/720E) 24moA 24moA (prorated after 2 yrs.) 24moA
(prorated
after 2 yrs.)
Maintenance coverage 2yrs/200hrs
all maint.
included
Downside comments Not a short field aircraft, firm handling Not a short field aircraft, firm handling Most
expensive
in class
Limited range Metric airframe - USA service issues Fuel thirsty, heavy ground handling No flap lever
pre-select
positions
3200 lbs landing
weight
limitation
Short/stiff landing gear - limited rough field Fuel thirsty,
limited range
Loading limitation: Wing fuel only over 3200lbs Single duplex magneto drive Split windscreen distracting Yaw damper
needed in
rough air
Short/stiff landing gear - limited
rough field
Yaw damper
needed in
rough air
(STD EQ)
Limited service network Front mounted belt driven alternator Front mounted belt driven alternators Front mounted
belt driven alternators
Cowl flaps
difficult
to operate
over
100kts IAS
Cannot check belts without removing cowl Prop removal req'd. to change belts Prop removal
req'd. to
change belts
Prop removal req'd. to change belts Limited parts/service network
Limited parts/service network
Upside comments Fastest in
class, fuel efficient
Least expensive in class Very fast,
smooth,
good short
field
Best handling in class, very fast, stable Mod.cruise, good payload Mod. cruise, good short field Best IFR range
in class,
good short
landing
Great range
@ light/mid-weights
Very fast, fuel efficient Delightful handling,
very stable
Best in class climb performance Pleasant handling, very stable Pleasant handling, very stable Best in class
4-seat payload,
fuel efficient
Responsive
(if firm)
handling,
very stable
Great range @ light/mid-weights Panoramic
windows,
very roomy
Best overall short field in class Best in class X-wind, good short field Excellent payload, six seats Roomy,
panoramic
windows
No cowl
flaps, speed brakes excellent
Responsive
(if firm)
handling,
very stable
154kt
gear & flap
extension
speed
Beefy landing gear, occasional rough field OK Very roomy, panoramic windows Large rear entry/cargo doors Firm, responsive stick & rudder handling
PP tube controls, improved serviceability No cowl flaps, optional speed brakes excellent Great
payload,
six seats
Beefy landing gear, good rough field No cowl flaps, wide CG loading range Beefy landing
gear, good
rough field
Dual batteries, elec. stby. vacuum standard PP tube controls, improved serviceability Large dual
rear entry/
cargo doors
Low RPM cruise, quiet/smooth Beefy landing gear, good rough field 150kt flap
extension
speed
Gear shock disks maintenance free Very quiet 2400 RPM cruise Beefy landing gear, rough
fields OK
PP tube controls, TKS prop de-ice standard Little pitch change on flap deflection Little/no pitch change on flap deflection
Good dealer parts/service network Dual batteries, elec. stby. vacuum standard R&L cowls
open for
engine
inspection
Strong dealer parts/service network Dual engine
driven vacuum pumps standard
Gear shock disks maintenance free Elec. standby
pressure
standard
Elec. standby vacuum standard TKS known
ice certificated
Good dealer parts/service network Strong dealer
parts/service
network
Certified 1992
to FAR 23 standards
Stall characteristics Well defined stall buffet, gentle break Well defined stall buffet, gentle break Gentle buffet,
ailerons
effective
throughout
Gentle buffet & break Sharp break, no buffet Slight buffet into "hobby horse" stall Gentle buffet
& break
Offhand comment Awesome climb, speed
& efficiency
Awesome speed & efficiency Bonanza
status,
solid
performance
Spectacular handling, most fun to fly Capable newcomer, interesting Euro-design Solid performer, great six-seat utility Well built, excellent
safety record
Technical comment Book cruise performance
at all weights
Book cruise perf. at all weights Book cruise
perf.@
mid-weight
Book cruise perf. @ full gross Book cruise perf. at all weights Book cruise perf. @ mid-weight Book cruise perf.
@ full gross
Electro-mechanical
gear & flaps
Electro-mechanical
gear & flaps
Electro-
mechanical
gear & flaps
Electro-
hydraulic
gear
Electro-hydraulic gear & flaps Electro-hydraulic gear & flaps Electro-hydraulic gear & flaps
Over-gross gear insp.
pilot responsibility
Gear doors may be lost in very rough fields Utility
category =
90 deg.bank,
4.4G+
Electro-mechanical
flaps
Full flying stabilator Full flying stabilator Cruciform horizontal
stabilizer
Gear doors may be lost
in very rough fields
Narrow post in center of windscreen Balanced/
blueprinted
engine est.
315hp
Wood wing, tube & fabric fuselage Turbo-diesel version to be released 2001
Narrow post
in center of windscreen
1350 RPM Downwind taxi propeller limitation Two narrow posts R&L of windscreen
1350 RPM downwind
taxi propeller limitation
Optional
inflatable door seal desirable