AOPA's Sport Pilot and Light Sport Aircraft Web page This Web page is dedicated to recent AOPA articles and information regarding sport pilots and light sport aircraft. You will also find links for pertinent sport pilot documents; the sport pilot rule, sport pilot certification, practical test standards, aircraft registration, and others.
Sport Pilot for Student Pilots: Frequently Asked Questions
Sport Pilot for Certificated Pilots: Frequently Asked Questions
Ultralight Aircraft and Ultralight Pilots Transitioning to Sport Pilot Certain ultralight vehicles will be required to be registered as a light sport aircraft by January 31, 2008. This guide provides historical information on ultralights and discusses their role in the future under the new sport pilot rule.
Special Light Sport Aircraft and Experimental Light Sport Aircraft: Frequently Asked Questions This list of questions and answers clarifies the definition of Special Light Sport Aircraft (SLSA) and Experimental Light Sport Aircraft (ELSA), and provides guidance on certifying and registering a light sport aircraft, whether it's a homebuilt airplane, factory kit LSA, or factory-built LSA. You will also find guidance on who can perform maintenance on your LSA.
Light Sport Aircraft Manufacturers From Aerostar to Zenith Aircraft, this ever-expanding list is a great place to locate the light sport aircraft of your dreams.
List of Eligible Aircraft Many aircraft already meet the definition of light sport aircraft and can be used by sport pilots without needing any other category of aircraft certification. Find out if your Aeronca, Piper, Taylorcraft, Luscombe, or other aircraft meets the criteria for operating as a light sport aircraft.
AOPA Regulatory Brief The Sport Pilot rule creates a new segment of the GA industry — sport pilots, light sport aircraft, and light sport aircraft repairmen. The rule has provisions for obtaining sport pilot student certificates, sport pilot certificates, flight instructor certificates with sport pilot rating, airworthiness criteria, and repairmen certificates with an inspector and/or maintenance rating. A significant benefit for AOPA members in the Sport Pilot rule is the ability to utilize a driver's license in lieu of a medical certificate. This allows pilots, who are otherwise healthy but who choose to not renew their medical certificate, to continue flying in light sport aircraft. This rule DOES NOT allow pilots to fly aircraft heavier than 1,320 pounds, such as Bonanzas and Cherokees, without medicals.
FAA Medical Q&A When may I use my current and valid U.S. driver's license as medical qualification? What if I already hold a pilot certificate and a valid airman medical certificate? What if I have a lifelong, chronic medical condition and I have never applied for or held an FAA airman medical? What if I hold a Special Issuance? Find answers to these and other medically related sport pilot questions in this list of questions and answers.
Learning to Fly AOPA's publication Learning to Fly discusses the necessary requirements for obtaining your FAA airman certificate. As part of this comprehensive guide, you'll find detailed information regarding aeronautical knowledge and flight training requirements to obtain your sport pilot certificate.
The sport pilot certificate requires the fewest training hours of the three certificates and is a needed step forward to provide a lower cost alternative to the current private pilot certificate. Additionally, the sport pilot certificate could help many lapsed pilots return to flying and could have a positive effect on the cost of learning to fly, bringing new people into flying.
The sport pilot rule is designed to allow individuals to experience sport and recreational aviation in a manner that is safe for the intended operations but not overly burdensome.
A sport pilot applicant must have a total of 20 hours of flight time, including 15 hours of flight instruction, plus meet other training requirements such as a solo flight, practical test preparation, and aeronautical knowledge.
A sport pilot is limited to flying aircraft that meet certain criteria and also must comply with certain operating limitations.
What is the first step I need to take to become a sport pilot?
You should first consider getting an FAA medical certificate or plan on using your current and valid U.S. driver's license. Additionally, you will need to get a student pilot certificate. Please see the information below for more details on the option you can choose:
FAA medical and the student pilot certificate:
Driver's license and the student pilot certificate:
What are the sport pilot eligibility requirements?
What are the training requirements for becoming a sport pilot?
What are the sport pilot privileges and limitations?
A sport pilot may:
What types of airplanes can I fly?
There are currently more than 21,000 certified airplanes in the standard airworthiness category from seven manufacturers that qualify as light sport aircraft. Standard category airplanes you can fly include, but are not limited to:
Additionally, you can find a list of light sport aircraft manufacturers by clicking here.
What is a light sport aircraft?
A light sport aircraft is defined as:
I'm a certificated pilot without a medical. Can I fly as a sport pilot?
Yes. If you already hold at least a recreational pilot certificate and have allowed your medical to expire, you might be able to fly without an FAA medical certificate, even if your most recent medical was a special issuance. Here's what you need to qualify:
For additional medical FAQs, click here.
What type of certification, recurrent training, and/or proficiency do I need?
As a certified pilot who qualifies to fly with a driver's license, you will need to have:
Do I need to perform the flight review in a light sport aircraft?
No. According to 14 CFR 61.56, a flight review must be performed in an aircraft for which the pilot is rated. Rated is interpreted as category and class.
I've already started my flight training toward the private pilot requirements. Can I transfer that flight training time over to the sport pilot certificate requirements?
Yes, you may do this. The FAA has clearly expressed that a student pilot certificate is a student pilot certificate, regardless of which certificate you are pursuing. Keep in mind, however, that a student pilot seeking a sport pilot certificate may not solo in an aircraft or perform the checkride in an aircraft other than a light sport aircraft.
Do I need to perform a checkride to get an additional category and/or class rating?
No, a checkride is not required. Rather, you will need to follow the provisions of 14 CFR 61.321, which requires the following:
What kind of flying am I limited to as a certificated pilot flying under the sport pilot privilege?
A pilot who is exercising sport pilot privileges may share the operating expenses of a flight with a passenger, provided the expenses involve only fuel, oil, airport expenses, or aircraft rental fees. A sport pilot must pay at least half the operating expenses of the flight.
In addition to complying with the recreational pilot privileges and limitations, a recreational pilot also may not operate a light sport aircraft:
Private, commercial, or airline transport pilots may not operate a light sport aircraft:
What regulations cover the requirements for sport pilots?
14 CFR Part 61, Subpart J is entirely dedicated to sport pilot airman certification, privileges, and limitations.
What else can I do to prepare to fly as a sport pilot?
Take advantage of all the resources AOPA has to offer.
If you still have questions, AOPA has the answers. Call AOPA's Pilot Information Center at 800/USA-AOPA (872-2672) to talk for free with one of AOPA's technical experts on staff.
The advent of the new sport pilot rule introduced regulations for ultralights and ultralight pilots. The following information will explain the effects of the sport pilot rule on ultralight aircraft, both now and in the future.
First, however, let's look at some background information on ultralight aircraft and ultralight pilots.
What is an ultralight?
A new regulation, 14 CFR Part 103, was introduced on October 4, 1982. This new regulation was introduced to ensure the safety of sport and recreational flying for "ultralight vehicles." While this rule introduces certain specifications and limitations for ultralight vehicles, it does not require aircraft or pilot certification. Whether an ultralight is kit-built or factory-built, Part 103 defines an ultralight as an aircraft that meets the following specifications:
What are the operating limitations of an ultralight?
Why are ultralights limited to single-occupant operations only?
A person who decides to operate an ultralight vehicle is most likely aware of the risks involved, but the same might not hold true for the passenger. Therefore, a passenger is not allowed to be carried on board.
What about ultralights that provide for more than one occupant or have a bench seat?
Some ultralights were originally manufactured with bench seats with only one seatbelt but have been advertised as two-place ultralights. These ultralights are not eligible for operations under Part 103 and must be registered as a certificated aircraft, even when occupied by only one person. At least one occupant during two-occupant operations must hold at least a private pilot certificate. A two-seat ultralight may be used for training purposes only if an exemption has been granted by an FAA-recognized ultralight organization.
Am I required to register my single-occupant ultralight as a light sport aircraft?
No. Only two-seat ultralights, or "fat," ultralights (those that exceed the limitations of Part 103) are required to register as a light sport aircraft by January 31, 2008. Single-occupant ultralights that meet the definition of Part 103 are not affected by the sport pilot rule.
Why are two-seat, or "fat," ultralights required to be registered as a light sport aircraft?
Two-seat, or "fat," ultralights do not meet the definition of Part 103 ultralights. The sport pilot rule now provides the requirement to have these ultralights registered, inspected, and certificated as a light sport aircraft by January 31, 2008.
How do I register my light sport aircraft that has not been issued a U.S. airworthiness certificate and does not meet the definition of Part 103.1?
Submit the following to the FAA:
Take advantage of AOPA's Express Document Submission Service or call 800/872-2672 for more details.
How do I certificate my light sport aircraft that does not meet the provisions of 14 CFR Part 103?
If the above conditions are met, the FAA will issue:
Will the light sport aircraft category replace Part 103 aircraft?
No, single-place ultralights will remain Part 103, but two-place ultralights will be affected. All two-place ultralights will be required to be registered as light sport aircraft by January 31, 2008.
I built the ultralight I'm currently flying. Can it be certificated as an experimental amateur-built or does it have to be an experimental light sport aircraft (ELSA)?
If you built 51 percent of your aircraft, the aircraft meets the requirements to apply for certification as an experimental amateur-built aircraft. Keep in mind, however, that once the aircraft is certificated as an experimental-amateur built, it cannot be certificated later as an experimental (ELSA) or special light sport aircraft (SLSA). The aircraft remains an experimental amateur-built aircraft.
What are the important dates to remember for aircraft?
Are there special provisions for obtaining a sport pilot certificate for persons who are registered ultralight pilots with an FAA-recognized organization?
If you are a registered ultralight pilot with an FAA-recognized ultralight organization, use the information provided in 14 CFR 61.329 to determine how to get a sport pilot certificate.
Are there any special provisions for obtaining a flight instructor certificate with a sport pilot rating for persons who are registered ultralight instructors with an FAA-recognized ultralight organization?
If you are an ultralight instructor and were registered with an FAA-recognized ultralight organization on or before September 1, 2004, and you want to apply for a flight instructor certificate with a sport pilot rating, not later than January 31, 2008 —
How long do I have to get my sport pilot certificate using only my ultralight experience?
For ultralight pilots, the first really important date is January 31, 2007. That is the deadline date for those who are members of an FAA-recognized ultralight organization to take advantage of using whatever ultralight flying time they have to qualify to become a sport pilot. The pilot has until this date to take the sport pilot practical test if the pilot wants previous ultralight flight time to count toward the required sport pilot flight experience.
I am an ultralight pilot who does not hold any FAA pilot certificate, and I am not registered with an FAA-recognized ultralight organization. How will the sport pilot rule affect me?
You will need to become a sport pilot by meeting all the requirements of 14 CFR Part 61. Here is a summary of the requirements:
The FAA has made substantive revisions to the sport pilot medical provisions, which disallow the use of a driver's license as a medical standard for medically disqualified pilots.
What are important dates to remember for ultralight pilots?
Can I fly a special light sport aircraft (SLSA) in IFR conditions or at night?
Only day/VFR conditions are specifically addressed in the ASTM consensus standards that govern the production of SLSA. Being that sport pilots and those exercising sport pilot privileges are limited to flying only in day/VFR conditions, this seems appropriate.
On the other hand, if an appropriately rated pilot (example: private pilot with an instrument rating) wants to fly SLSA under IFR or at night, the aircraft's operating limitations must allow it, and the aircraft must be equipped per 91.205 for VFR flight at night and/or IFR flight. Additionally, 91.327(d) requires all SLSA to be operated in accordance with the aircraft's operating instructions. Operating instructions differ from operating limitations in that the engine, airframe, and accessory manufacturers issue them; the FAA issues operating limitations.
An example of operating instructions is a SLSA equipped with a Rotax engine. Rotax's operating instructions prohibit the use of a Rotax engine at night or in IFR conditions unless it is the FAA type certificated engine (14 CFR part 33). Other engine, airframe, and accessory manufacturers might impose similar restrictions.
If you are appropriately rated and would like to operate a special light sport aircraft at night or under IFR, contact the manufacturer to determine if any provisions can be made.
Do I need to obtain an STC (supplemental type certificate) if I want to install a different prop or add a new radio to my SLSA?
No. An STC is not required because SLSA do not have type certificate data sheets (TSDS). Any maintenance that leads to a modification of the original airplane equipment or avionics requires approval by the airplane manufacturer.
Where can I go to obtain a light-sport aircraft repairman certificate with a maintenance rating (LS-M)?
At the time of this writing, the FAA has not accepted or approved any courses from providers that would lead to this certificate. The FAA is meeting with industry representatives to revise their policy on the acceptance of repairman/maintenance rating courses to remove any obstacles that have prevented providers from submitting courses for FAA approval.
AOPA will update this Web page as soon as we receive knowledge of an FAA-approved repairman/maintenance rating course.
What is the difference between an experimental light sport aircraft (ELSA) and a special light sport aircraft (SLSA)?
Does a light sport aircraft have a type certificate?
No. SLSA and ELSA are not type certificated. Rather, they are issued a statement of compliance with industry standards.
Why did the FAA choose to use ASTM standards instead of type certification?
ASTM standards are much easier to augment or amend as opposed to the FAA's rulemaking process and provide a high level of quality control and safety into light sport aircraft manufacturing. A light sport aircraft committee, namely F37, was set up to address issues related to design, performance, quality acceptance tests, and safety monitoring for light sport aircraft (LSA). For more information on the F37 Light Sport Aircraft Committee, please visit the ASTM Web site.
Will airworthiness directives (ADs) be issued for light sport aircraft?
ADs will not be issued for LSA. However, mandatory service bulletins (SBs) will be issued for light sport aircraft. For SLSA, compliance with these bulletins is required. For ELSA, compliance is only recommended.
Can I use an experimental light sport aircraft (ELSA) for flight training and rental?
According to 14 CFR 91.319(e), the instructor is allowed to conduct flight training in an ELSA, which he or she provides, until January 31, 2010. Rental of the aircraft is not allowed.
Can I use a special light sport aircraft (SLSA) for flight training and rental?
According to 14 CFR 91.327, you may, for compensation or hire, operate an SLSA to conduct flight training. You may also rent an SLSA.
Who may perform maintenance on special light sport aircraft?
Who may perform inspections on special light sport aircraft?
Who may perform maintenance on experimental light sport aircraft?
According to 14 CFR 65.107, the holder of a repairman certificate (light sport aircraft) with a maintenance rating may perform maintenance, preventive maintenance, and an alteration on a light sport aircraft that is in the same class of light sport aircraft for which the holder has completed the training required by 61.107(a)(3)(ii).
Who may perform the annual condition inspection on experimental light sport aircraft?
Who may perform the 100-hour inspection on ELSA if the aircraft is being used to conduct flight training for compensation or hire or for towing a glider that is an LSA or unpowered ultralight vehicle?
What regulations cover the privileges and limitations for repairman certificate holders for light sport aircraft?
You may find this information in 14 CFR Part 65.
Can I fly an experimental amateur-built (homebuilt) aircraft as a sport pilot?
Yes, as long as the aircraft meets the performance definition of a light sport aircraft as defined in 14 CFR 1.1.
I have built or plan on building an experimental amateur-built aircraft that meets the definition of light sport aircraft (LSA). How does the sport pilot rule affect me?
I built the aircraft that I'm currently flying. Can I certificate it as experimental amateur-built or does it have to be an experimental light sport aircraft (ELSA)?
If you built 51 percent of your aircraft, the aircraft meets the requirements to apply for certification as an experimental amateur-built aircraft. Keep in mind, however, that once the aircraft is certificated as an experimental amateur built it cannot be certificated later as an experimental (ELSA) or special light sport aircraft (SLSA). The aircraft remains an experimental amateur-built aircraft. Additionally, in order for an aircraft to be registered as a light sport aircraft, it must meet the LSA criteria (i.e., two seats, one engine, 1,320 pounds maximum gross weight, etc.). An experimental amateur-built is not subject to these limitations.
Does the 51-percent homebuilt rule apply to me if I buy an ELSA kit?
There are two situations to discuss here:
I'm building an aircraft (experimental amateur-built) that is just outside the definition of an LSA. Can I, as the builder, modify the aircraft so that it meets the performance definition of an LSA and fly it as a sport pilot?
Yes. For a homebuilt aircraft, you may modify the aircraft so that it meets the definition of an LSA from initial certification on and fly it as a sport pilot. Exercise caution against making any modifications to the structure of the aircraft without the approval of the designer.
Can I change the weight of an experimental amateur-built that I have built so it meets the 1,320-pound limit for light sport aircraft?
As the builder of a home-built airplane that has yet to receive its experimental airworthiness certificate, you may decrease or increase the weight as necessary to have the airplane meet the definition of light sport aircraft, which is defined as having a maximum gross weight of 1,320 pounds. However, once a weight limit has been set as part of the airplane's experimental amateur-built certification process, the original builder, future owners, and repairmen are prohibited from making any modifications to the weight for the purpose of meeting the definition of light sport aircraft.
Czech Aircraft Works
JabiruUSA Sport Aircraft, LLC
Updated Thursday, November 16, 2006
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