On August 4, 2005, the FAA issued a final rule that amended the requirements of 14 CFR 61.55 for second-in-command qualifications.
Effective June 6, 2006, the provisions of this rule allow U.S. flight crews to operate in international airspace without the threat of being grounded for not holding the appropriate pilot type rating.
Listed below you'll find answers to a few frequently asked questions and procedures for how to comply with this requirement.
If you will be flying outside the domestic United States airspace in an airplane that requires at least two pilots, either by type certification or operation.
Yes, but only for a commercial or airline transport pilot who is conducting a ferry flight, aircraft flight test, or evaluation flight of an aircraft's equipment and is not carrying any person or property on board the aircraft, other than necessary for the conduct of the flight.
The pilot must hold at least a current private pilot certificate with the appropriate category and class ratings and an instrument rating if the flight is being flown under instrument flight rules.
No. There is no practical test required for the issuance of the "SIC Privileges Only" pilot type rating.
Familiarization Training. Within the previous 12 calendar months, become familiar with the following information for the specific type of aircraft in which you will need SIC privileges:
Unless the applicant has already satisfactorily completed an approved second-in-command training program or a proficiency check under subpart K of part 91, parts 121, 125, or 135 in that type of aircraft, he or she must have performed and logged pilot time in the type of aircraft or in a flight simulator 1 that represents the type of aircraft for which second-in-command privileges are requested, which includes —
If a person complies with the requirements of the familiarization training (step #1 above) in the calendar month before or the calendar month after the month in which compliance with this section is required, then that person is considered to have accomplished the training and practice in the month it is due.
In order to meet the requirements listed above, a person may serve as second in command in that specific type aircraft if the flight is conducted under day VFR or day IFR and no person or property is carried on board the aircraft, other than necessary for the conduct of the flight.
Log Training Time. The person 2 who provided the familiarization training must sign the applicant's logbook or training record 3 after each lesson in accordance with 61.51(h).
Receive Endorsement. After completing the familiarization training and having logged the training time, receive an endorsement from a trainer (see footnote 2) or qualified management official 4 that states "[Applicant's Name and Pilot Certificate Number] has demonstrated the skill and knowledge required for the safe operation of the [Type of Aircraft], relevant to the duties and responsibilities of a second in command."
Complete and Submit 8710-1 Form. The applicant must complete and sign an 8710-1 form (Airman Certificate and/or Rating Application) and present the application and logbook/training records (see footnote 3) to a FSDO or Examiner. For pilots who satisfactorily completed an approved second-in-command training program or a proficiency check under subpart K of part 91, parts 121, 125, or 135, you may present the completed and signed 8710-1 form and logbook/training records to an authorized Aircrew Program Designee.
The person (see footnote 2) who provided the ground and flight training to the applicant must sign the "Instructor's Recommendation" section of the 8710-1 form. In lieu of the trainer, it is permissible for a qualified management official (see footnote 4) within the organization to sign the applicant's 8710-1 form.
Approved SIC Training Programs/Proficiency Checks. A person may receive a second-in-command pilot type rating for an aircraft after satisfactorily completing an approved second-in-command training program or a proficiency check under subpart K of part 91, parts 121, 125, or 135 in that type of aircraft. Persons completing such training must comply with steps 2 through 4 above for the application and pilot certification procedures.
1 May be accomplished in a flight simulator that is used in accordance with an approved course conducted by a training center certificated under 14 CFR part 142. An applicant for an initial second-in-command qualification for a particular type of aircraft who is qualifying in a flight simulator must satisfactorily complete a minimum of one takeoff and one landing in an aircraft of the same type for which the qualification is sought.
2 In lieu of the trainer, it is permissible for a qualified management official within the organization to sign the applicant's training records or logbook AND make the required endorsement.
3 If the applicant's training records are in an electronic form, the applicant must present a paper copy of those records containing the signature of the trainer or qualified management official to an FAA Flight Standards District Office or Examiner. For applicants who have satisfactorily completed an approved second-in-command training program or a proficiency check under subpart K of part 91, part 121, 125, or 135, he or she may present a paper copy of those records containing the signature of the trainer or qualified management official to an Aircrew Program Designee.
4 The qualified management official must hold the position of Chief Pilot, Director of Training, Director of Operations, or another comparable management position within the organization that provided the training and must be in a position to verify the applicant's training records and that training was given.