1. Wake turbulence is a result of ___.
2. Viewed from behind the generating aircraft, the left vortex rotates ____ and the right vortex rotates ___.
3. As a rule of thumb, a heavy aircraft with gear and flaps ___ at a ___ airspeed generates the strongest wake turbulence.
4. When on approach to land behind a large aircraft, you should fly ___ the preceding aircraft's flight path and land ___ its touchdown point.
5. For a small aircraft taking off from an intersection on the same runway behind a large aircraft, the controller must provide a ____-minute delay for wake turbulence.
6. The separation standard for a small aircraft landing behind a heavy jet, such as a Boeing 777, is ____ miles.
7. Calm winds reduce your chance of a wake turbulence encounter.
8. Pilots flying small aircraft should be concerned about the wake turbulence produced by other small aircraft.
9. The _____ has the ultimate responsibility for ensuring appropriate separation and positioning to avoid wake turbulence created by other aircraft.
10. A pilot who suspects wake turbulence is affecting his or her aircraft should ___.