Cessna 182HP

In response to market demand, Cessna developed the 182, a tricycle gear variant of the Cessna 180. The basic 182 model became available in 1956. In 1957, the Skylane model appeared, differences being in the level of equipment on board.

As more avionics, larger fuel capacities and better accommodations were incorporated, the airplanes got heavier, necessitating max gross weight increases. The first model had a max gross of 2550 lbs. The A-D models were designed to max out at 2650 lbs. Gross weight was, again, bumped up with the E model in 1962 to 2800 lbs. Cessna’s 1970 Skylane weighed 2950 lbs. That figure only varied by 10 pounds for the next 10 years. The last weight change brought the R model up to 3100 lbs.

The aircraft has seen many design changes over the years, resulting in 23 distinctive models, counting the RG and Turbo versions. Older models were powered by the Continental O-470 series and were rated at 230 hp. Cessna ceased production on single engine piston aircraft in 1986 due to increasing product liability suits. With the passage of the General Aviation Revitalization Act in 1994, Cessna announced it would resume production; but it wasn’t until 1997 that we saw our first new 182, an S model. The S and the T model (which is currently in production), are the first to sport Lycoming’s O-540 engine. They are also rated at 230 hp. For the technology lovers, the 2004 T model had the option to be equipped with Garmin’s G1000 glass avionics suite. On any models produced in 2007 or after, the G1000 is part of the standard equipment.

Skylane enthusiasts refer to this venerable aircraft as solid and forgiving, able to cover many a sloppy maneuver with stable predictability. As a natural step-up for 152 and Skyhawk pilots who want more capability, the airplane earns high marks for ease of transition and its popularity has been consistent throughout its 50-plus year history.

The 182 is an all metal, four seat, high wing, single engine airplane equipped with tricycle landing gear and designed for general utility purposes.
This airplane is certificated in the normal category. Spins and aerobatic maneuvers are not permitted in normal category airplanes. The airplane is approved for day and night VFR/IFR operations when equipped in accordance with F.A.R. 91 or F.A.R 135.

The airplane is powered by a horizontally opposed, six cylinder, overhead valve, turbocharged, air cooled, carbureted engine with a wet sump lubrication system. The engine is a Lycoming Model O-540-L3C5D, equipped with a Cessna installed turbocharger, and is rated at 235 horsepower.

The airplane fuel system consists of two 46 gallon vented integral fuel tanks, a four-position selector valve, fuel strainer, manual or electric primer, auxiliary fuel pump, engine-driven fuel pump, and carburetor. Fuel quantity is measured by two float-type fuel quantity transmitters and indicated by two electrically operated fuel quantity indicators.

The airplane has a 28-volt direct current electrical system powered by a 60-amp alternator and a battery. Most of the electrical circuits in the airplane are protected by push to reset type circuit breakers.

  1978 Cessna R182 Skylane RG 1983 Cessna T182 Turbo Skylane 1986 Cessna TR182 Turbo Skylane RG
Engine:      
Model Lyc. O-540-J3C5D Lyc. O-540-L3C5D Lyc. O-540-L3C5D
No. Cylinders 6 6 6
Displacement 540 cu. in. 541.5 cu. in. 541.5 cu. in.
HP 235 235 235
Carbureted Or Fuel Injected Carbureted Carbureted Carbureted
Fixed Pitch/ Constant Speed Propeller Constant Speed Constant Speed Constant Speed
       
Fuel:      
Fuel Capacity 61 gallons
Long Range Tanks:          80 gallons
92 gallons 92 gallons
Min. Octane Fuel 100 100 100
Avg. Fuel Burn at 75% power in standard conditions per hour 13.5 gallons 14.2 gallons Unknown
       
Weights and Capacities:      
Takeoff/Landing Weight Normal Category 3,100 lbs. 3,100 lbs. 3,100 lbs.
Takeoff/Landing Weight Utility Category N/A N/A N/A
Standard Empty Weight 1,734 lbs. 1,757 lbs. 1,824 lbs.
Max. Useful Load Normal Category 1,366 lbs. 1,343 lbs. 1,276 lbs.
Max. Useful Load Utility Category N/A N/A N/A
Baggage Capacity 200 lbs. 200 lbs. 200 lbs.
Oil Capacity 9 quarts 9 quarts 9 quarts
       
Performance      
Do Not Exceed Speed 182 KIAS 178 KIAS 178 KIAS
Max. Structural Cruising Speed 143 KIAS 140 KIAS 157 KIAS
Stall Speed Clean 54 KIAS 54 KIAS 54 KIAS
Stall Speed Landing Configuration 50 KIAS 49 KIAS 50 KIAS
Climb Best Rate 1140 FPM 965 FPM 1040 FPM
Wing Loading 17.8 lbs./sq. ft. 17.8 lbs./sq. ft. 17.8 lbs./sq. ft.
Power Loading 13.2 lbs./hp 13.2 lbs./hp 13.2 lbs./hp
Service Ceiling 14,300 ft. 20,000 ft. 20,000 ft.