October 1, 2012
By Dave Hirschman
Dynon’s new D1 “pocket panel” is an extremely clever, useful, and simple-to-use device that accelerates the march of Experimental avionics into the cockpits of Standard-category airplanes.
“When owners of FAA-certified airplanes expressed interest in buying our Experimental avionics products in the past, we used to have to tell them they couldn’t install them in their airplanes,” said Robert Hamilton, Dynon’s vice president of marketing. “Now, we have something they can buy.”
Dynon’s D1 is a portable, completely self-contained EFIS that fits in a standard 3 1/8-inch instrument hole. It displays GPS-derived heading, groundspeed, vertical speed, and altitude—and internal sensors and software provide pitch, bank, and turn-rate information. The D1 has a retail price of $1,425, and it aims to compete against standby attitude indicators and FAA-certified gyros that cost two or three times as much.
The Dynon D1 won’t lag or tumble during aggressive maneuvering. A variety of mounts and power options allow it to fit in just about any cockpit.
Instead of replacing a turn coordinator with an FAA-certified standby attitude indicator, for example, aircraft owners might elect to keep their turn coordinators and add a D1. The portable device can’t replace existing instruments, but it can supplement them. D1 owners can clip the devices into existing instrument holes, attach them to their panels with screws, or use suction-cup mounts or Velcro.
The D1 has an internal battery, but it also can use ship’s power via a hard wire or a cigarette-lighter adaptor.
The D1 isn’t meant as a primary source of attitude information, and a warning screen tells users each time the device is powered up that the D1 “isn’t certified by any regulatory body,” and that the pilot in command assumes “all risk and liability.”
A recent flight with the D1 showed that the unit’s performance closely matched the real horizon, and it won’t tumble or get confused by usual attitudes or aggressive maneuvering. The screen is bright and easy to read, even in direct sunlight, and its graphically depicted slip-skid ball gives timely, accurate information.
The unit is far from infallible, however.
It can’t function without GPS signals, and the screen will go dark if the unit loses GPS reception for more than one minute. Also, the D1 must be mounted precisely (and firmly) to provide accurate pitch and bank information. If the D1 is tilted slightly in pitch, for example, it will erroneously indicate the aircraft is climbing or descending. If it shifts in flight or becomes detached from its mount, it could create real problems.
Finally, the unit isn’t tied into the pitot/static system, so it can’t show indicated airspeed or barometric altitude (only GPS-derived groundspeed and altitude). And the compass heading it displays is actually the airplane’s ground track, so pilots must keep these differences in mind, particularly while maneuvering in strong winds.
The D1 is ideal for Light Sport aircraft and vintage airplanes that lack electrical systems, or have extremely limited space behind their instrument panels. Aerobatic pilots flying airplanes without gyros to and from contests and airshows are likely customers, as well as glider pilots. And the D1 also is sure to be a hit among ferry pilots.
I used to know a World War II-era test pilot who, after a particularly harrowing nighttime electrical failure, brought an electric turn-and-slip indicator and a spare battery with him whenever he ferried an aircraft. If everything else in the panel went dark, he knew he could keep the airplane upright and on course with just a needle, ball, airspeed indicator, and compass. He passed away (of natural causes) a few years ago, but I’m sure he would have regarded the D1 as an absolute marvel—and it would have been a constant companion.
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Joining panel-mount to portable
Aspen Avionics has received FAA supplemental type certification of its much anticipated Connected Panel system. Announced a year ago, the system allows a remotely mounted WiFi box produced by Aspen to become a communications conduit between the aircraft’s panel-mount systems and portable devices, such as an iPad or smartphone.
We had the chance to conduct a flight demonstration of Connected Panel recently from Double Eagle II Airport near Aspen’s Albuquerque headquarters. Flying in the company’s Cirrus SR22 demonstrator, we created a flight plan on an iPad using the ForeFlight electronic flight bag app and with the touch of the Send button watched it get validated by the Aspen multifunction display. A touch of a button on the MFD pumped the flight plan over to the Garmin GNS 430 navigator, dramatically simplifying the loading of flight plans. No more knob turning on the Garmins.
Because the EFB is not certified, the FAA requires the certified Aspen system to verify the validity of the waypoints sent over and then requires the pilot to accept the data through the button touch. En route, a similar process allows easy changes to flight plans—or Direct-To—as ATC issues reroutes. Similarly, the pilot can make changes in the panel-mount system and ship them back to the handheld device.
The iPad sees the WiFi signal from the Connected Gateway box mounted behind the panel as just another wireless network connection, automatically connecting every time the iPad is in range after the initial setup. In fact, multiple WiFi-enabled devices in the cockpit can interface through the Gateway at the same time.
Tom Gray, Aspen’s avionics systems certification engineer, noted that the most exciting prospect about Connected Panel is what hasn’t even been thought of yet. The ability to connect with the ship’s certified systems via a remote device opens up all sorts of possibilities.
ForeFlight is just one of numerous companies that has signed on with Aspen to build various new capabilities. Among the others are Hilton Software and Jeppesen with their EFBs, Sporty’s Pilot Shop, PS Engineering for managing audio systems, JP Instruments for the future ability to monitor and store engine performance data, and even the AOPA FlyQ flight planning app can share data through Connected Panel. For a complete list of company partners, see the website.
Aspen builds the Connected Gateway box in Albuquerque. The system sells for $2,499 and is now shipping. Aspen charges no licensing or royalty fees for access to its API that developers can use to create new capabilities.
—Thomas B. Haines
AOPA Pilot Editor at Large Dave Hirschman joined AOPA in 2008. He has an airline transport pilot certificate and instrument and multiengine flight instructor certificates. Dave flies vintage, historical, and Experimental airplanes and specializes in tailwheel and aerobatic instruction.
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