Piper Warrior

Warriors are primarily distinguished from their Cherokee predecessors by their double-tapered wing planform and two-foot-wider wingspans. Earlier Cherokee wings have the blocky, squarish, constant-chord wing planforms that came to be known as "Hershey Bar" wings.

The first of the Warrior series came out in 1974. (Those in the first model year were actually given the Challenger appellation but this was quickly dropped in favor of the Warrior name, to stay consistent with the rest of Piper's Native American-inspired nomenclature.) Warriors carried the PA28-151 designation and racked up 1,898 sales until 1977. That's when the Warrior II (PA28-161) came out. This airplane had 10 more horsepower and was a big hit, with 3,374 sales. The Warrior II advertised a 127-knot cruise speed at 75-percent power (compared to the Warrior's 109 knots). Part of the speed increase was from the more powerful engine; the rest came from improved wheel-fairing aerodynamics. From 1988 to 1990, some Warriors were dubbed Cadets, which were aimed at the trainer market, featured an austere trim package, and could be ordered with either VFR or IFR avionics.  This airplane is still in production today, as the Warrior III model.

From its inception, the PA-28 was meant to be an inexpensive airplane that offered benign (safe) flight characteristics and reasonable performance. The stabilator, sometimes described as a flying tail, is one of the Warrior's distinguishing features. The entire horizontal tail pivots as one to act as the elevator. While it gives pilots a lot of pitch control, the stabilator was primarily used because it was considered more economical to build than a conventional stabilizer/elevator.

This philosophy - lower manufacturing costs - influenced the wing design as well. PA-28 Cherokees have stubby, constant-chord wing planforms similar in shape to another product with roots in Pennsylvania - the Hershey chocolate bar. The inboard portion of the Warrior's wing retains that Hershey bar shape, but the leading and trailing edges of the outer panels taper. This gives the Warrior a longer wingspan than the Hershey bar wing and, thus, a higher aspect ratio (the proportion of the wingspan and the wing chord).  In general, a higher aspect ratio contributes to better climb and cruise performance because of lower induced drag.

The tapered portion of the Warrior's wing also incorporates some washout. Stand at the wingtip and sight down the leading edge, and you'll notice that the leading edge twists slightly downward near the tip. This decrease in the angle of incidence means that even when the wing root area has stalled, the outer portion of the wing continues to generate lift and the ailerons remain effective. All of that means the airplane is more controllable in an aerodynamic stall.

The airplane is a four-place, low wing, single engine airplane equipped with fixed tricycle landing gear, having a steerable nose wheel and two main wheels.  The basic airframe, except for a tubular steel engine mount, steel landing gear struts, and other miscellaneous parts is of aluminum alloy construction.

This airplane is certificated in the normal and utility category.  In the normal category all aerobatic maneuvers including spins are prohibited.   In the utility category certain maneuvers as per the aircraft’s POH are permitted.  The aircraft is approved for day and night VFR/IFR when equipped in accordance with FAR 91 or FAR 135.

The engine is a Lycoming Model O-320-D2A and is rated at 160 horsepower at 2700 RPM.  It is a four-cylinder, normally aspirated, direct drive, air-cooled, horizontally opposed, carburetor equipped engine.  Major accessories include a starter, a 60-amp 14-volt alternator, a shielded ignition, two magnetos, vacuum pump drive, fuel pump, and a wetted polyurethane foam induction air filter.

Fuel is stored in two twenty-five gallon tanks.  Each tank is equipped with a filler neck indicator tab to aid in determining fuel remaining when the tanks are not full.  The tanks are secured to the leading edge of teach wing with screws and nut plates.  An auxiliary electric fuel pump is provided for use in case of failure of the engine driven pump.  Fuel quantity and pressure are indicated on gauges located in the engine gauge cluster on the instrument panel.

The electrical system includes a 14-volt, 60-amp

  1977 Piper Cherokee Warrior                   PA-28-151 1977 Piper Cherokee   Warrior II
PA-28-161
2007 Piper Cherokee Warrior III
PA-28-161
Engine:      
Model Lyc. O-320-E3D Lyc. O-320-D2A Lyc. O-320-D3G
No. Cylinders 4 4 4
Displacement 319.8 319.8 319.8
HP 150 160 160
Carbureted Or Fuel Injected Carbureted Carbureted Carbureted
Fixed Pitch/ Constant Speed Propeller Fixed Pitch Fixed Pitch Fixed Pitch
       
Fuel:      
Fuel Capacity 50 gallons 50 gallons 50 gallons
Min. Octane Fuel 80 100 100
Avg. Fuel Burn at 75% power in standard conditions per hour 8.4 gallons About 8.5-10 gallons Unknown
       
Weights and Capacities:      
Takeoff/Landing Weight Normal Category 2,325 lbs. 2,325 lbs. 2,440 lbs.
Takeoff/Landing Weight Utility Category 1,950 lbs. 2,020 lbs. 2,020 lbs.
Standard Empty Weight 1,336 lbs. 1,391 lbs. 1,539 lbs.
Max. Useful Load Normal Category 989 lbs. 934 lbs. 901 lbs.
Max. Useful Load Utility Category 614 lbs. 629 lbs. 481 lbs
Baggage Capacity 200 lbs. 200 lbs. 200 lbs.
Oil Capacity 8 quarts 8 quarts 8 quarts
       
Performance      
Do Not Exceed Speed 153 KCAS 153 KCAS 160 KCAS
Max. Structural Cruising Speed 122 KCAS 122 KCAS 126 KCAS
Stall Speed Clean 44 Knots 50 Knots Unknown
Stall Speed Landing Configuration 38 Knots 44 Knots 44 KIAS
Climb Best Rate 650 FPM 710 FPM Unknown
Wing Loading 13.7 lbs./sq. ft. 13.7 lbs./sq. ft. Unknown
Power Loading 15.5 lbs./hp 14.5 lbs./hp. Unknown
Service Ceiling 12,700 ft. 13,000 ft. 11,000