In response to market demand, Cessna developed the 182, a tricycle gear variant of the Cessna 180. The basic 182 model became available in 1956. In 1957, the Skylane model appeared, differences being in the level of equipment on board.
As more avionics, larger fuel capacities and better accommodations were incorporated, the airplanes got heavier, necessitating max gross weight increases. The first model had a max gross of 2550 lbs. The A-D models were designed to max out at 2650 lbs. Gross weight was, again, bumped up with the E model in 1962 to 2800 lbs. Cessna’s 1970 Skylane weighed 2950 lbs. That figure only varied by 10 pounds for the next 10 years. The last weight change brought the R model up to 3100 lbs.
The aircraft has seen many design changes over the years, resulting in 23 distinctive models, counting the RG and Turbo versions. Older models were powered by the Continental O-470 series and were rated at 230 hp. Cessna ceased production on single engine piston aircraft in 1986 due to increasing product liability suits. With the passage of the General Aviation Revitalization Act in 1994, Cessna announced it would resume production; but it wasn’t until 1997 that we saw our first new 182, an S model. The S and the T model (which is currently in production), are the first to sport Lycoming’s O-540 engine. They are also rated at 230 hp. For the technology lovers, the 2004 T model had the option to be equipped with Garmin’s G1000 glass avionics suite. On any models produced in 2007 or after, the G1000 is part of the standard equipment.
Skylane enthusiasts refer to this venerable aircraft as solid and forgiving, able to cover many a sloppy maneuver with stable predictability. As a natural step-up for 152 and Skyhawk pilots who want more capability, the airplane earns high marks for ease of transition and its popularity has been consistent throughout its 50-plus year history.
The 182 is an all metal, four seat, high wing, single engine airplane equipped with tricycle landing gear, having a steerable nose wheel and two main wheels.
This airplane is certificated in the normal category. Spins and aerobatic maneuvers are not permitted in normal category airplanes. The aircraft is equipped for day and night VFR/IFR.
The airplane is powered by a horizontally opposed, six cylinder, overhead valve, air cooled, fuel injected engine with a wet sump lubrication system. The engine is a Lycoming Model IO-540-AB1A5 and is rated at 230 horsepower at 2400 RPM. Major accessories include a starter and belt driven alternator, dual magnetos, vacuum pump, and a full flow oil filter. Engine output is controlled through the throttle and propeller control.
The airplane fuel system consists of two 46 gallon vented integral fuel tanks, two wing manifolds, a duel stack, 4-position selector valve, an electrically driven auxiliary fuel pump, and a fuel strainer. The engine-mounted portion of the system consists of the engine driven fuel pump, fuel/air control unit, fuel flow transducer, fuel distribution valve and fuel injection nozzles.
Fuel flows by gravity from the two wing tanks through the fuel manifold, and to a four-position selector valve. From there, fuel flows through the auxiliary fuel pump, the fuel strainer and to the engine driven fuel pump. A portion of the fuel is returned to the wing tank selected through use of the fuel return system.
The airplane has a 28-volt direct current system powered by a 60-amp alternator and a 24-volt battery. Power is supplied to most electrical circuits through two primary busses, with an essential bus and a crossfeed bus connected between the two primary busses to support electrical equipment. The two primaries are also connected to an avionics bus through a circuit breaker. The circuit breakers are of the push to reset type.
|1959 Cessna 182B (Skylane)||1985 Cessna 182R
|2004 Cessna 182T
|Model||Cont. O-470-L||Cont. O-470-U||Lyc. IO-540-AB1A5|
|Displacement||470 cu. in.||470 cu. in||541 cu. in.|
|Carbureted Or Fuel Injected||Carbureted||Carbureted||Fuel Injected|
|Fixed Pitch/ Constant Speed Propeller||Constant Speed||Constant Speed||Constant Speed|
|Fuel Capacity||65 gallons||68 gallons
Long Range Tanks: 92 gallons
|Min. Octane Fuel||80||100||100|
|Avg. Fuel Burn at 75% power in standard conditions per hour||About 14 gallons||About 13 gallons||About 13 gallons|
|Weights and Capacities:|
|Takeoff/Landing Weight Normal Category||2,650 lbs.||3,100/2950 lbs.||3,100/2950 lbs.|
|Takeoff/Landing Weight Utility Category||N/A||N/A||N/A|
|Standard Empty Weight||1,621 lbs.||1,733 lbs.||1,924 lbs.|
|Max. Useful Load Normal Category||1,029 lbs.||1,377 lbs.||1,186 lbs.|
|Max. Useful Load Utility Category||N/A||N/A||N/A|
|Baggage Capacity||120 lbs.||200 lbs.||200 lbs.|
|Oil Capacity||12 quarts||13 quarts||9 quarts|
|Do Not Exceed Speed||160 KCAS||175 KCAS||171 KCAS|
|Max. Structural Cruising Speed||139 KCAS||140 KCAS||136 KCAS|
|Stall Speed Clean||54 Knots||54 KCAS||54 KCAS|
|Stall Speed Landing Configuration||49 Knots||49 KCAS||49 KCAS|
|Climb Best Rate||1030 FPM||865 FPM||925 FPM|
|Wing Loading||15.2 lbs./sq. ft.||17.8 lbs./sq. ft.||17.8 lbs./sq. ft.|
|Power Loading||11.5 lbs./hp||13.5 lbs./hp||13.5 lbs./hp|
|Service Ceiling||20,000 ft||14,900 ft.||18,100 ft.|