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Copyright © 2004 AOPA.
| Training Tips |
| TIME, FUEL, AND DISTANCE TO CLIMB |
The August 20, 2004, "Training Tips" reminded student pilots of the importance of using best rate of climb airspeed (Vy) to reach a safe altitude quickly after takeoff. You should also know that climb performance in the pilot's operating handbook (POH) is usually based on Vy-something to remember when calculating fuel burn.
Don't forget to include this initial climb in your cross-country planning. For the necessary information, consult the time, fuel, and distance to climb chart in your aircraft's POH. The cruise phase should begin at the point along your route where your planning indicates that the climb leg will be completed. Avoid rough estimates or rules of thumb when planning this initial climb. "This chart allows you to estimate with great precision the time, distance, and fuel required to make a climb to cruise altitude. For example, the chart shows that you'll cover 12 nm in 10 minutes and use 1.9 gallons of fuel as you climb through an altitude difference of 6,000 feet at a 60-knot IAS [indicated airspeed]. With this information, as well as any headwind or tailwind component you've calculated, your student can easily estimate his or her arrival time and fuel usage at the first checkpoint," wrote Rod Machado, responding to a flight instructor's query in "Since You Asked" in the August 2002 AOPA Flight Training.
This information will be one of the last items you plug into your plan. That's because figuring the distance covered in the climb requires your expected groundspeed-and for that you need the winds aloft provided in your preflight weather briefing. (See the December 12, 2003, "Training Tips.") David Montoya described an orderly process of pulling together all the necessary information for accurate flight planning in the January 2001 AOPA Flight Training feature "Make Your Planning Count."
Another tip: Few student pilots fly brand-new aircraft. Learn from each flight what kind of actual climb performance to expect from your trainer, compared to numbers published for a brand-new machine, giving yourself an additional safety margin. See the June 2004 AOPA Flight Training feature "How Not to Run Out of Gas."
Neatness counts in planning! So don't forget to plan for the initial climb.
| Your Partner in Training |
|AOPA can help cover the cost of your flight training. The AOPA Flight Training Funds program offers credit lines up to $25,000 and competitive rates. The program offers flexible terms and predictable payments so you can choose the number of months you want to pay off your account-from 36 to 72-guaranteeing no surprises to your monthly budget. Whether you are a student or working on an advanced certificate, AOPA Flight Funds can help you earn your wings! Get the details at AOPA Online. |
Do you have a question? Call our experienced pilots-available weekdays between 8:30 a.m. and 6 p.m. Eastern-toll-free at 800/872-2672. As an AOPA Flight Training Member, you have access to all of the features within AOPA Online and AOPA Flight Training Online. Login information is available online.
| Flight Training News |
| PILOTS SEE DELAYS IN RECEIVING CERTIFICATES |
Are you flying on a temporary airman certificate? If you are waiting for your permanent certificate to come in the mail, you might want to keep a close eye on how long it is taking. The FAA is experiencing a delay in issuing airman certificates, and in some cases, it is taking the full 120 days. If you are beginning to worry, call the FAA Airman Certification Branch (866/878-2498) to see if your permanent certificate has been processed and if it is in the mail. If your permanent certificate has not been processed, contact your local flight standards district office (FSDO) to request an extension or to have the temporary certificate reissued. FSDOs have varying policies, so you will need to call ahead to see if they require an appointment. You can receive an extension or reissuance (for free) the same day you visit the FSDO. Remember to take identification. For more information, contact AOPA’s Pilot Information Center at 800/USA-AOPA or by e-mail .
SAGGING INDUSTRY DOESN'T DETER AVIATION STUDENTS
A lackluster airline industry hasn't deterred hopeful students from pursuing aviation goals at colleges and universities in the Southeast, according to a story in the Atlanta Journal-Constitution. Enrollment in aviation programs has rebounded since September 11, 2001, at such schools as Embry-Riddle Aeronautical University, Georgia State, and Middle Tennessee State University. A notable change is that more students are considering career options outside the airlines. Most say the industry's troubles mean it will take them longer to work their way up to jobs with the major carriers.
RAYTHEON EMPLOYEE WINS CHARLES TAYLOR AWARD
Karl Stuhmer, a field representative with Raytheon Aircraft, has received the FAA's Charles Taylor Award recognizing lifetime achievements of senior aircraft mechanics. Stuhmer was honored for his efforts to help and teach customers and fellow technicians. He holds both airframe and powerplant and inspection authorization certificates. To qualify for the award, a mechanic must have 50 years of service in aviation maintenance and at least 30 years as an FAA-certified mechanic or repairman. Stuhmer's aviation background took root in high school, when he helped his father at a family-owned flight training school in Dowagiac, Michigan.
SPORTY'S SWEEPSTAKES SKYHAWK WINNER TAKES TO THE SKIES
How's this for a dual cross-country? A. C. Douglass, the Florida retiree who won the 2004 Sporty's Sweepstakes Cessna Skyhawk, arrived at Clermont County Airport in Batavio, Ohio, earlier this month with flight instructor Scott O'Brien in tow to pick up his brand-new bird. O'Brien gave Douglass some dual instruction on the trip back to Tallahassee. Recall that Douglass wasn't contemplating learning to fly until the day he got the call from Sporty's Chairman Hal Shevers, and he had to scramble to get a student medical certificate. He'll continue to train with flight instructor Ron Fisher. Fisher soon may have another new student; Douglass says his wife, Pat, now wants to learn to fly.
| Inside AOPA |
| FAA ENACTS AOPA-BACKED PROGRAM TO HELP PRIVATE AIRPORTS |
The FAA last week issued guidance enacting an AOPA-backed program that could go a long way toward preserving privately owned general aviation airports. AOPA had lobbied to get the pilot program included in the FAA reauthorization bill -Vision 100. This demonstration program will allow the FAA to buy the "development rights" at up to 10 privately owned public-use airports. And that means those airports will stay airports-forever. The program is modeled after a successful New Jersey program that has kept privately owned public-use airports like Central Jersey Regional and Lincoln Park from being closed and sold to developers. See AOPA Online.
HAVE YOU UPDATED YOUR AOPA MEMBER PROFILE?
To make the most of your membership and allow us to serve you better, please visit AOPA Online and update your personal member profile.
| Training Products |
| G-FORCE GPS MOUNT SECURES HANDHELD UNITS IN THE COCKPIT |
If you're in the habit of setting your handheld GPS on the aircraft's right seat or on top of the instrument panel, you probably hope that it won't go scooting around during the flight. PropellerHead Pilot Essentials offers one solution: the G-Force GPS Mount. The mount allows a pilot to attach the GPS to a variety of places in the cockpit using a suction cup. The mount's dual adjustments allow users to display the GPS in a nearly infinite range of positions. A button engaging a piston at the mount's base locks it securely in place by "vacuuming" the cup to the surface. The G-Force GPS Mount works with all current production GPS units from Garmin (including the GPSMap 195) and other manufacturers, too. It sells for $49.90 and may be ordered online or by calling 434/985-2002.
Note: Products listed have not been evaluated by ePilot editors unless otherwise noted. AOPA assumes no responsibility for products or services listed or for claims or actions by manufacturers or vendors.
| Final Exam |
| Question: Is it possible for an airport to have a control tower without being in Class D airspace? |
Answer: Actually, yes it is possible. Chapter 4, Section 3 (Paragraph 4-3-2) of the Aeronautical Information Manual states: "Not all airports with an operating control tower will have Class D airspace. These airports do not have weather reporting which is a requirement for surface-based controlled airspace." The controlled airspace over these airports normally begins at 700 feet or 1,200 feet above ground level, as depicted on aeronautical charts. Pilots are expected to communicate with the tower as if it were Class D airspace and to use good operating practices when transitioning through these areas. If you would like some examples of these types of airports, contact the AOPA Pilot Information Center.
Got a question for our technical services staff? E-mail to [email protected] or call the Pilot Information Center, 800/872-2672. Don't forget the online archive of "Final Exam" questions and answers, searchable by keyword or topic.
| Picture Perfect |
|The AOPA Online Gallery allows you to download your favorite images to use for wallpaper, send a personalized e-card, and order high-quality prints to be shipped directly to your doorstep. Search the hundreds of fabulous images in our archives and select your favorites today! For more details, see AOPA Online. |
| What's New At AOPA Online |
|Combining the best of two worlds, seaplanes can broaden a pilot's horizons by offering all kinds of off-tarmac destinations. Beyond that, pilots say the seaplane rating is just plain fun. Read all about it in AOPA's updated subject report. |
| Weekend Weather |
|See the current weather on AOPA Online, provided by Meteorlogix. |
| ePilot Calendar |
| FLYING DESTINATIONS THIS WEEKEND: |
Wisconsin Rapids, Wisconsin. The 2004 Rapids Balloon Rally and Pancake Breakfast takes place August 27 through 29 at Alexander Field South Wood County (ISW). Pancake breakfast Saturday and Sunday mornings. Contact Kurt Gross, 715/424-3737, or visit the Web site.
Madras, Oregon. The Central Oregon Airshow takes place August 28 at City-County (S33). A full day of airplanes, gliders, aerobatics, antique cars, hotrods, food, and entertainment-don't miss it. Contact Don Mobley, 541/475-6947.
Cleveland, Ohio. The Cleveland National Airshow takes place September 4 through 6 at Burke Lakefront (BKL). The annual airshow celebrates its fortieth anniversary at Burke Lakefront. Contact Charles K. Newcomb, 216/781-0747, or visit the Web site.
Galesburg, Illinois. The Thirty-third National Stearman Fly-in takes place September 6 through 12 at Galesburg Municipal (GBG). Aerobatics, formation flights, short-field takeoff and spot-landing contests, aircraft judging and awards, technical seminars, and more. Contact Betty B. Campbell, 309/343-6409, or visit the Web site.
Coeur D'Alene, Idaho. The Pacific Bonanza Society's Historic America Air Safari takes place September 5 through 19 starting at Coeur D'Alene Air Terminal (COE). Fly from Coeur D'Alene to Gettysburg, Pennsylvania, and back while visiting sites of historical significance along the way. Contact Stephen Walker, 425/883-1984, or visit the Web site.
To submit an event to the calendar or to search all events visit AOPA Online. For airport details, see AOPA's Airport Directory Online .
ASF FLIGHT INSTRUCTOR REFRESHER CLINICS
The next AOPA Air Safety Foundation Flight Instructor Refresher Clinics are scheduled in Phoenix; Sacramento, California; and Baltimore, September 11 and 12. Clinics are also scheduled in Colorado Springs, Colorado; and Richmond, Virginia, September 18 and 19. For a complete schedule, see AOPA Online. Can't make it in person? Sign up for the CFI Renewal Online.