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Copyright © 2004 AOPA.
| Training Tips |
| BUG IT |
The November 19, 2004, "Training Tips" discussed fixation, a state of mind in which a pilot devotes so much attention to one task (such as holding a heading) that other responsibilities are overlooked. The opposite problem is chronically paying too little attention to a task, perhaps caused by distraction or poor scanning of instruments or outside references. You set off on a cross-country flight, level off at your chosen altitude, and establish your aircraft on your heading of, say, 200 degrees. You fly along, picking up checkpoints, working radios, keeping watch over engine instruments, fuel, altitude. A glance at the heading indicator (directional gyro) produces a shock: Your heading has wandered around to 170 degrees. How long have you been meandering off course?
You could have avoided the problem by "bugging" your heading before setting out. Bugging the heading means creating a way to stay aware of the heading you should be flying. Airplanes with autopilots usually have a "heading bug" installed on their heading indicators. By rotating a small dial at the instrument's edge, you set the bug to the desired heading, then engage the autopilot.
OK, but suppose this is a training flight and you are not using the autopilot. Use the heading bug anyway. Develop the habit of always bugging a new heading before turning to it. No automation on board? Some low-budget aircraft panels are equipped with bugs, as described in the December 1997 AOPA Pilot article "Choosing a VFR Panel." Not yours? There are other methods. If there is a spare VOR or ADF receiver on the panel, turn the omni heading selector of the VOR, or rotate the fixed compass card of the ADF, to bring your heading to the 12-o'clock position. Or simply write your heading on a sticky note and attach it to your panel. The reminders will help.
Remember: Gyro-driven heading indicators are prone to errors such as precession ( download Chapter Six of the Pilot's Handbook of Aeronautical Knowledge). Check them often against your aircraft's magnetic compass (see the May 23, 2003, "Training Tips"). For bugging other flight conditions such as altitude and airspeed, commercial products that attach directly to flight instruments may be purchased.
Before turning onto your next heading, bug it!
| Your Partner in Training |
| Displaced threshold. Empennage. MEL. MML. Pirep. What does it all mean? Aviation is an industry of acronyms and technical language. Especially helpful to newcomers to aviation is AOPA's Student Glossary for General Aviation . Log on to AOPA Flight Training Online for a glossary of terms, a phonetic alphabet chart, and a new pilot's guide to air traffic control communications. |
Do you have a question? Call our experienced pilots-available weekdays between 8:30 a.m. and 6 p.m. Eastern-toll-free at 800/872-2672. As an AOPA Flight Training Member, you have access to all of the features within AOPA Online and AOPA Flight Training Online. Login information is available online.
| Flight Training News |
| UNIVERSITY OF CINCINNATI GETS GLASS-COCKPIT SKYLANE |
The University of Cincinnati's aviation technology program has added a Cessna Skylane featuring the Garmin G1000 all-glass cockpit to its training fleet. The Skylane joins a fleet of 15 training aircraft, including Cessna 172s and 152s, a Beechcraft Bonanza, a Piper Aztec, and a Diamond motorglider. "It's imperative for a leading college aviation program to be on the cutting edge of flight deck technology," said Eric Radtke, UC director of aviation technology. "The experience our graduates will gain from this airplane will be a tremendous competitive advantage in the marketplace."
EMBRY-RIDDLE STUDENTS EARN DC-9 TYPE RATINGS
The first ab initio class of Embry-Riddle University's Commercial Airline Pilot Training program, known as CAPT, has completed the DC-9 series type-rating course, Embry-Riddle announced. The six cadets-four of whom had no prior flight experience-"maintained focus and determination and worked hard to reach this milestone in their professional flight training," despite delays caused by Florida's unusually severe hurricane season, according to Gary Morrison, director of CAPT's MD-90 Part 142 training. Since its August 2003 inception, CAPT has type-rated 17 pilots: seven flight instructors, eight cadets, and two FAA check pilots. For more information on the program, see the Web site, or call 877/577-CAPT.
| Inside AOPA |
| GA PROGRAMS FUNDED IN FAA BUDGET |
Lawmakers on Capitol Hill last week approved a $13.8 billion budget for the FAA, including language that prohibits the agency from implementing new user fees on pilots for another year. "In a tight budget year with most government programs hit with across-the-board cuts, this level of funding for general aviation is a real tribute to the commitment of AOPA's legislative affairs staff on Capitol Hill," said AOPA President Phil Boyer. The bill earmarks $3.5 billion for airport improvements, with approximately $341 million to go exclusively to reliever and general aviation airports. For more details, see the story at AOPA Online.
HAVE YOU UPDATED YOUR AOPA MEMBER PROFILE?
To make the most of your membership and allow us to serve you better, please visit AOPA Online and update your personal member profile.
| Training Products |
| NEW FAR/AIM VOLUMES READY TO GO |
Have you picked up a copy of the 2005 Federal Aviation Regulations/Aeronautical Information Manual? Not yet, you say? Be advised that there are new regulations pertaining to the sport pilot certificate and light-sport aircraft category and new security requirements for general aviation pilots. While several publishers have 2005 editions ready to ship, here are two to consider. Aviation Supplies & Academics' volume includes full-color AIM graphics plus a stand-alone guide to the new sport pilot rules available on its Web site. The book can be ordered online for $15.95. McGraw-Hill says its volume, edited by Charles Spence, is more closely targeted to the general aviation reader. Order it online for $19.95.
Note: Products listed have not been evaluated by ePilot editors unless otherwise noted. AOPA assumes no responsibility for products or services listed or for claims or actions by manufacturers or vendors.
| Final Exam |
| Question: I'm working on my instrument rating and learning how to do precision approaches. My instructor and I have been discussing the localizer and the glideslope needles and how to interpret the information they give. What are the technical names for the needles? |
Answer: The needle that swings left and right is called a course deviation indicator (CDI). It receives signals from a localizer antenna, VOR, and can often be linked to a GPS. The localizer provides your lateral guidance to the runway. The needle that shows your vertical profile (glideslope) is the vertical deviation indicator (VDI). It receives information from a glideslope transmitter (ground-based equipment), and it will give you adequate clearance over the threshold and any objects/terrain on the approach.
Got a question for our technical services staff? E-mail to [email protected] or call the Pilot Information Center, 800/872-2672. Don't forget the online archive of "Final Exam" questions and answers, searchable by keyword or topic.
| Picture Perfect |
|Looking for a unique gift this holiday season? Order high-quality prints from the AOPA Online Gallery. Search the hundreds of images, select your favorite, and a beautiful print will be shipped directly to your doorstep. Order by December 15 for guaranteed holiday delivery. Of course, you can still download your favorite images to use for wallpaper or send a personalized e-card. For more details, see AOPA Online. |
| What's New At AOPA Online |
|How can you fly safely at night? Understanding how your vision is affected by darkness is an important part of night flight safety, as is knowing whether your airplane's panel has sufficient lighting for nighttime flights. AOPA's updated aviation subject report on aircraft lighting explains how panel lighting systems have evolved from incandescent bulbs flooding red light over the instrument panel to a plethora of lights found on today's modern aircraft. |
| Weekend Weather |
|See the current weather on AOPA Online, provided by Meteorlogix. |
| ePilot Calendar |
| FLYING DESTINATIONS THIS WEEKEND: |
Galveston, Texas. The American Yankee Association South Central Grumman Fly-in takes place December 4 at Galveston (GLS). Join Grumman owners and pilots to tour the Lone Star Flight Museum, and play and dine at Moody Gardens. See the Web site for more information.
Middle River, Maryland. The Glenn L. Martin Maryland Aviation Museum Speaker Series presents Ken Hyde, founder of the Wright Experience, December 6 at the Lockheed Martin Auditorium. He will discuss his team's efforts in recreating the first fully authentic Flyer replica. Contact Debi Wynn, 410/682-6122, or visit the Web site.
To submit an event to the calendar or to search all events visit AOPA Online. For airport details, see AOPA's Airport Directory Online .
ASF FLIGHT INSTRUCTOR REFRESHER CLINICS
The next AOPA Air Safety Foundation Flight Instructor Refresher Clinics are scheduled in Chicago, and Austin, Texas, December 11 and 12. Clinics are also scheduled in Baltimore, and Detroit, January 8 and 9. For a complete schedule, see AOPA Online. Can't make it in person? Sign up for the CFI Renewal Online.