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Copyright © 2004 AOPA.
| Training Tips |
| VISUAL SEPARATION |
Inbound for landing at a tower-controlled airport with radar, you have reported in (as described in the December 17, 2004, "Training Tips" and have been radar identified. The approach controller informs you that you are "number two for the airport." When you are handed off to the control tower for landing, the tower controller instructs you to enter a left base leg for the runway, stating that "traffic you are following is a Cessna Caravan on a one-mile final." As taught, you respond that you are looking for the traffic. You scan the approach course for the single-engine turboprop. There it is-and you take a second to be certain that it is indeed the C-208 you see. When you report the traffic in sight, the controller responds, "Follow that traffic, cleared to land."
On your return flight, you are cleared for takeoff shortly after another aircraft has departed. Your takeoff clearance includes a heading to fly to avoid the other aircraft. This time, when you report it in sight, the controller says, "Maintain visual separation from that traffic, proceed on course." Clearly, the sooner you can spot traffic, the sooner you can get where you are going, and the controller's workload is reduced.
This common terminal procedure, visual separation, is explained in Chapter 4 of the Aeronautical Information Manual. It works one of two ways:
"1. The tower controller sees the aircraft involved and issues instructions, as necessary, to ensure that the aircraft avoid each other.
2. A pilot sees the other aircraft involved and upon instructions from the controller provides separation by maneuvering the aircraft to avoid it." When pilots accept visual separation, "they must maintain constant visual surveillance and not pass the other aircraft until it is no longer a factor."
Restricted visibility or the speed of the other aircraft may not allow visual separation to be effective. As the pilot, it's your call, as Robert I. Snow explained in the March 2002 AOPA Pilot article "Stay Clear." Another consideration is avoiding wake turbulence (reviewed in the January 24, 2003, "Training Tips").
Visual separation keeps traffic moving. Be ready to do your part when flying in busy terminal airspace.
| Your Partner in Training |
|What are pireps? Pilot reports, or pireps, are reports of weather and flight conditions normally made while airborne. They are provided to other pilots through weather briefings and may be used to increase the quality of weather forecasts. To improve pirep quality and quantity, the AOPA Air Safety Foundation offers the SkySpotter program, co-sponsored by the FAA and the National Weather Service Aviation Weather Center. Download the easy-to-use pilot report checklist, then read more about pireps. |
Do you have a question? Call our experienced pilots-available weekdays between 8:30 a.m. and 6 p.m. Eastern-toll-free at 800/872-2672. As an AOPA Flight Training Member, you have access to all of the features within AOPA Online and AOPA Flight Training Online. Login information is available online.
| Flight Training News |
| ATP ADDS NEW TRAINING PROGRAM WITH EFIS FOCUS |
Airline Transport Professionals, Inc., is offering a new DirectTrack extension to its Airline Career Pilot Program. ATP, which provides accelerated flight training at 23 locations, says the new DirectTrack will add 320 hours of electronic flight instrumentation system cross-country experience and 40 hours in a CRJ-200 flight training device to the Airline Career Pilot Program's 140 hours of multiengine cross-country experience and CitationJet initial operating experience. DirectTrack will be available at ATP's Jacksonville, Florida, and Dallas locations, with additional locations planned as ATP expands its fleet. ATP has acquired 16 glass-cockpit Diamond DA40-180s for the new program. For more information on DirectTrack or any of ATP's flight training programs, see the Web site or call 800/ALL-ATPS.
...AND TAKES DELIVERY OF FIRST GLASS-COCKPIT DIAMOND STAR
Speaking of expansion, ATP recently received the first of 16 glass-cockpit Diamond Star DA40-180s that are to be used exclusively in the DirectTrack program. Each is equipped with the Garmin G1000 integrated avionics system. ATP says the G1000-equipped DA40s will better prepare pilots for the transition to glass-cockpit jets and will improve safety with a terrain awareness and warning system and traffic information system. The Diamond Stars round out a fleet of 78 aircraft that include 60 Piper PA-44 Seminoles, 16 Cessna 172 Skyhawks, and a Cessna CE-501 CitationJet.
ALIEN TRAINING/CITIZENSHIP VALIDATION RULE HITS EVERYBODY
As of December 20, any non-U.S. citizen who is beginning training for a new certificate or rating in any size powered aircraft must be cleared by the Transportation Security Administration (TSA), and all flight schools and instructors are required to check a student's citizenship before providing training for any new certificate or rating. But AOPA continues to push for changes to the rule. Andy Cebula, AOPA senior vice president of Government and Technical Affairs, says TSA is expected to announce some changes that will make the rule less intrusive. But don't expect those changes to exempt resident aliens, he says. Despite the fact that resident aliens have been investigated and fingerprinted by U.S. immigration services, TSA doesn't have confidence that the process has weeded out all potential terrorists. For more on the story, see AOPA Online.
| Inside AOPA |
AOPA's AIRPORT WATCH HELPS TO STOP ACCUSED CON MAN
Would you be suspicious of a fellow who tried to rent several kinds of aircraft at your airport but didn't seem to know that much about aircraft systems? Airport personnel in Kansas certainly were, and following AOPA Airport Watch guidelines, they reported an individual's suspect activities to law enforcement officials. The man was subsequently arrested. Read the complete story and get more details about AOPA's Airport Watch.
TROUBLE REACHING FLIGHT SERVICE?
AOPA's Airport Directory Online has been updated with the individual toll-free numbers for flight service stations for almost every airport. In the past pilots have had trouble reaching flight service with cellular phones while traveling because dialing the main number can take you to the station in your home area code.
COLLECT UP TO $250 BACK ON YOUR 2004 AVIATION PURCHASES
You've used your AOPA FBO Rebate credit card for all kinds of aviation-related purchases this year-aircraft fuel, rentals, training, maintenance, tiedowns, and virtually all other purchases from qualifying FBOs nationwide. Now it's time to collect your reward. You can receive a 5-percent credit rebate-up to $250 per year on purchases made within the last 12 months at qualifying FBOs. Submit for your AOPA 5% FBO Rebate Credit today. Requesting your annual rebate is easier than ever before. You can submit your request online, by fax to 866/AOPA-FBO (267-2326), or by mail to the following address: FBO Rebate Program, MBNA America Bank, P.O. Box 15063, Wilmington, DE 19850-5063. For more information on the rebate program, or to apply for the credit card, visit AOPA Online.
HAVE YOU UPDATED YOUR AOPA MEMBER PROFILE?
To make the most of your membership and allow us to serve you better, please visit AOPA Online and update your personal member profile.
| Training Products |
| AVMAP GEOPILOT GPS FROM SPORTY'S FEATURES COLOR DISPLAY |
Planning to treat yourself to a GPS? Sporty's has one for you to consider: the AvMap GeoPilot portable moving-map GPS. The unit has a 5.6-inch color display that is sunlight-viewable. It can store up to 10 flight plans of up to 100 legs each, and it offers vertical navigation, aircraft checklists, full simulator functions, and calculator functions for fuel or winds. The AvMap GeoPilot uses Jeppesen NavData for the United States, Canada, and Central and South America. The unit operates on a 10v-35v power supply that plugs into a cigarette lighter. The AvMap GeoPilot sells for $895; a GoPak auxiliary battery is available for $99.95. For more information or to order online, see the Web site or call 800/SPORTYS.
Note: Products listed have not been evaluated by ePilot editors unless otherwise noted. AOPA assumes no responsibility for products or services listed or for claims or actions by manufacturers or vendors.
| Final Exam |
| Question: Where would I find the regulation that applies to fuel requirements for VFR flights? |
Answer: You can find this information in 14 CFR Part 91 Section 91.151, "Fuel requirements for flight in VFR conditions." It states: "No person may begin a flight in an airplane under VFR conditions unless (considering wind and forecast weather conditions) there is enough fuel to fly to the first point of intended landing and, assuming normal cruising speed; (1) during the day to fly after that for at least 30 minutes; or (2) at night to fly after that for at least 45 minutes." Looking for more information on fuel management? Read the July 2002 AOPA Flight Training article, "Learn What You Burn."
Got a question for our technical services staff? E-mail to [email protected] or call the Pilot Information Center, 800/872-2672. Don't forget the online archive of "Final Exam" questions and answers, searchable by keyword or topic.
| Picture Perfect |
|The AOPA Online Gallery allows you to download your favorite images to use for wallpaper, send a personalized e-card, and order high-quality prints to be shipped directly to your doorstep. Search the hundreds of images in our archives and select your favorites today! For more details, see AOPA Online. |
| What's New At AOPA Online |
|If a flying trip to Alaska seems a little too frosty right about now, bear in mind that May, June, and July offer milder temperatures. However, such a trip requires a lot of preflight research, and it's never too soon to start planning. You'll find a vast amount of information in AOPA's updated Flight Planning Guide to Alaska . |
| Weekend Weather |
See the current weather on AOPA Online, provided by Meteorlogix.
| ePilot Calendar |
| FLYING DESTINATIONS THIS WEEKEND: |
Due to the upcoming holiday, there are no calendar events for this weekend.
To submit an event to the calendar or to search all events visit AOPA Online. For airport details, see AOPA's Airport Directory Online .
AOPA AIR SAFETY FOUNDATION FLIGHT INSTRUCTOR REFRESHER CLINICS
The next AOPA Air Safety Foundation Flight Instructor Refresher Clinics are scheduled in Baltimore, and Detroit, January 8 and 9. For a complete schedule, see AOPA Online. Can't make it in person? Sign up for the CFI Renewal Online.