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Copyright © 2004 AOPA.
| Training Tips |
| YOUR ELT |
It may be the most unobtrusive piece of equipment installed in your aircraft-not even accessible from your cockpit. After an emergency landing, however, your aircraft's emergency locator transmitter (ELT) could become the most important piece of gear you carry.
Once activated, an ELT transmits an audible signal on emergency radio frequencies monitored by air traffic controllers, military aircraft, airliners, and numerous general aviation aircraft. One of those frequencies is the familiar 121.5 MHz known to GA pilots and discussed in the March 28, 2003 "Training Tips." There is also satellite monitoring.
ELTs of various types were developed as a means of locating downed aircraft. These electronic, battery-operated transmitters operate on one of three frequencies: 121.5 MHz, 243.0 MHz, or the newer 406 MHz. "ELTs operating on 121.5 MHz and 243.0 MHz are analog devices. The 406 MHz ELT is a digital transmitter that can be encoded with the owner's contact information or aircraft data. The latest 406 MHz ELT models can also be encoded with the aircraft's position data," explains the comprehensive discussion of ELTs in Chapter 6 of the Aeronautical Information Manual.
A typical ELT is a self-contained, battery-powered transmitter activated by impact forces or by a manual switch. Review your aircraft's pilot's operating handbook for specifics. Like any piece of equipment, ELTs need maintenance to ensure proper operation. "The emergency locator transmitter (ELT) must have been inspected within the preceding 12 calendar months, and if the ELT has been used for more than one cumulative hour or 50 percent of the battery's useful life has expired, the battery must be replaced," counsels Ralph Butcher in his "Insights" column in the January 2001 AOPA Flight Training. Questions about ELTs may appear on the private pilot knowledge test. You could be asked to locate and discuss your ELT when you go for your flight test.
Is an ELT required equipment for your flight? Review Part 91.207 of the Federal Aviation Regulations to answer that question. Note the exception for training flights conducted entirely within 50 nautical miles of the departure airport. For more information, see the online discussion by AOPA Aviation Services and study AOPA's April 2000 issue brief on ELTs. Then, armed with the facts, verify that your aircraft is in compliance!
| Your Partner in Training |
|Have you checked out AOPA's new Flight Training Web site? The "Resources for Student Pilots" section offers a wealth of learning tools arranged according to the five major phases of flight training: presolo, solo, maneuvers, cross-country, and flight test preparation. Each phase briefs you for the next, making you a more informed and better-prepared student. Are you trying to master crosswind landings? Take a look at what our experts have to say about solo flying skills in the solo section. |
Do you have a question? Call our experienced pilots-available weekdays between 8:30 a.m. and 6 p.m. Eastern toll-free at 800/872-2672. AOPA Flight Training Members have access to all of the features within AOPA Online. Login information is available online.
| Flight Training News |
| OHIO UNIVERSITY TO OPEN NEW AVIATION LEARNING CENTER |
A new aviation student learning center at Ohio University in Athens will be modeled on a comprehensive learning center already in place at Sporty's Academy in Batavia, Ohio. Juan Merkt, chairman of the university's department of aviation, was familiar with the Vorbeck Memorial Aviation Library at Sporty's Academy. He consulted with Sporty's staff on the learning center's content and to purchase educational materials and supplies. The new center at Ohio University, expected to open this summer, will include three personal computer-based aviation training devices (PCATDs), three multimedia learning stations, and a large collection of DVDs, CDs, and books. It will serve more than 180 aviation students majoring in aviation at Ohio University. The Vorbeck Library, founded in 1997 in memory of Joseph F. Vorbeck, aviation educator and cofounder of Sporty's Academy, is used by nearly 200 students enrolled at Sporty's Academy and the University of Cincinnati's aviation technology program.
ILLINOIS MAYOR IMPROVES AIRPORT
Student pilots in the Chicago area might not have Meigs Field anymore, but they can plan a cross-country to nearby Clow International Airport in Bolingbrook, Illinois, with confidence. That's because the mayor of Bolingbrook understands the importance of a vital general aviation airport to a community's economic growth. Last week Mayor Roger Claar approved plans to upgrade the airport to make it a reliever for the Chicago area by widening and lengthening the runway to 4,000 feet, adding new runway lights, and building more hangars and a pilot facility. Clow International is located 25 nautical miles southwest of Chicago and is home to a busy flight school, a thriving FBO, a popular on-field restaurant, and some 150 based aircraft.
| Inside AOPA |
| AOPA OPPOSES PROHIBITED AREA IN WASHINGTON STATE |
AOPA is fighting a plan to establish a prohibited area over the Hood Canal in Washington State. The FAA issued the proposal on June 28 that would make permanent a temporary flight restriction (TFR) around the Navy submarine base at Bangor, Washington. The proposed prohibited area would extend to 2,500 feet msl. AOPA would like to see the four TFRs in the Puget Sound area replaced with national security areas-a less restrictive solution that would satisfy the Navy's security concerns. For more, see AOPA Online.
HAVE YOU UPDATED YOUR AOPA MEMBER PROFILE?
To make the most of your membership and allow us to serve you better, please visit AOPA Online and update your personal member profile.
| Training Products |
| DEVICE HELPS INSTRUMENT PILOTS SET UP HOLDS |
Learning how to enter and execute holds is a challenging part of every instrument student's experience, but a new device from Newcomb Engineering promises to make it easier. The Holdup HSI (horizontal situation indicator) is a whiz wheel that allows you to set the direction and the inbound course to the hold, and then determine the best entry method based on your intercept heading. It comes with two sides-one for standard, right-hand turns, and one for nonstandard, left-hand turns. The device works for intersection and station holds equally well. It is constructed from thick laminated cardboard and should do well riding in your flight bag. It sells for $14.95 plus $4 for shipping and handling. For more information or to order, call 954/288-2904, or see the Web site.
| Final Exam |
| Question: When reading forecast weather for glider flying, the term trigger temperature is used regarding thermals. What is trigger temperature, and how does it set off a thermal? |
Answer: AOPA's online weather provider, Meteorlogix, provides the answer to the question. In soaring, the trigger temperature is the surface temperature required to produce a dry-adiabatic lapse rate, which will intersect the vertical temperature profile at a user-specified altitude. As the surface temperature warms during the day, the thermals that are generated are able to reach higher into the atmosphere. The trigger temperature is a tool to estimate how high these thermals will reach. For example, a trigger temperature of 85 might reach up to 3,500 feet, while a trigger temperature of 90 might rise to 4,500 feet.
Got a question for our technical services staff? E-mail to [email protected] or call the Pilot Information Center, 800/872-2672. Don't forget the online archive of "Final Exam" questions and answers, searchable by keyword or topic.
| Picture Perfect |
|The AOPA Online Gallery allows you to download your favorite aviation images to use for wallpaper, send a personalized e-card, and order high-quality prints to be shipped directly to your doorstep. Search the hundreds of fabulous images in our archives and select your favorites today! For more details, see AOPA Online. |
| Weekend Weather |
|See the current weather on AOPA Online, provided by Meteorlogix. |
| ePilot Calendar |
| FLYING DESTINATIONS THIS WEEKEND: |
Mayville, New York. A Tailwheel Aircraft Fly-in takes place July 3 at Dart Airport and Aviation Museum (D79). Calling all tailwheels for fun, flying, food, and camaraderie. Visit the free aviation museum. Rain date July 4. Contact Bob or Greg Dart, 716/753-2160.
St. Petersburg, Florida. A Fourth of July Airport Party takes place July 4 at Albert Whitted (SPG). Bring your family to a night of live entertainment, food, and fireworks, sponsored by Bay Air Flying Service. Contact Julie DeStefano, 727/822-4217, or visit the Web site.
Rantoul, Illinois. The Octave Chanute Aerospace Museum Open House takes place July 3 at Rantoul National Aviation Center-Frank Elliott Field (TIP). Fly into Rantoul, museum is on the field. Enjoy free admission, open cockpits, and other events to celebrate Rantoul's 150th year. Contact Tracy Lunquist, 217/893-1613, or visit the Web site.
Nashua, New Hampshire. Aviation Safety Education Days takes place July 10 and 11 at Boire Field (ASH). Free programming for pilots and nonpilots, and a look at the FAA's own piece of history, its DC-3. Contact Julie Seltsam, 781/238-7389, or visit the Web site.
Heber City, Utah. The Heber Valley Air Show and Fly-in takes place July 10 at Heber City Municipal-Russ McDonald Field (36U). OK3AIR and the Heber Valley Air Museum present the Bombers. See the B-24 and B-17 grace the skies of beautiful Heber Valley. Bring family and friends for an exciting Saturday of history, flybys, and aerobatics. Contact Thorn Butler, 801/359-4840, or visit the Web site.
To submit an event to the calendar or to search all events visit AOPA Online. For airport details, see AOPA's Airport Directory Online .
ASF FLIGHT INSTRUCTOR REFRESHER CLINICS
The next AOPA Air Safety Foundation Flight Instructor Refresher Clinic is scheduled in Pittsburgh, July 10 and 11. A clinic is also scheduled in Jacksonville, Florida, July 17 and 18. For a complete schedule, see AOPA Online. Can't make it in person? Sign up for the CFI Renewal Online.
ASF SAFETY SEMINARS
AOPA Air Safety Foundation Safety Seminars are scheduled in Oshkosh, Wisconsin, July 28 through 31. For complete details on topics and schedules, see AOPA Online.