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Copyright © 2004 AOPA.
| Training Tips |
| GUMPS and CIGARS |
Sticking to standard procedures is a measure of pilot skill and professionalism. Using checklists-as discussed in the October 25, 2002 Training Tips-is the best example. In situations where checklists are not practical, memory items come into play. One technique for memorizing a series of actions, such as those to be attended to just before landing, is learning a mnemonic reminder-a word or acronym that helps you remember to perform a series of actions or checks. A familiar example to many pilots is the prelanding mnemonic GUMPS. "The letters stand for gas (fuel on the proper tank, pump on or off as required), undercarriage (landing gear up or down as required), mixture set, prop(s) set, and safety items. Safety items typically include seatbelts and switches (lights, pitot heat)," explains Robert Rossier in the February 2000 AOPA Flight Training feature "Mnemonic Reminders." There are variations on this theme, but the basics will always be represented in the mnemonic.
If like most student pilots you fly a fixed-gear training aircraft, it may strike you as odd or silly that "undercarriage" is part of this mnemonic. Not at all. After earning your private pilot certificate, there is an excellent chance that you will go on to fly retractable-gear aircraft. Working landing-gear checks into your prelanding thinking now could save you from committing the common gaffe of landing with the gear retracted someday (usually the result of pilot distraction). Also, it is more reliable to learn a routine once than to modify it later.
Many students ask: Why use mnemonics like GUMPS and not the actual checklists they represent? "Performing GUMPS is not checked against the written checklist because the before-landing written checklist should be reviewed before you enter the traffic pattern, where maintaining a traffic watch is essential," explains columnist Ralph Butcher in "Insights," in the January 2004 AOPA Flight Training.
CIGARS, by the way, is a pretakeoff mnemonic that some pilots use, as Butcher explains, to augment the pretakeoff checklist. In his version, it stands for "Controls, instruments, gas, attitude trim, runup and radios, and seatbelts."
| Your Partner in Training |
|Whether you're a VFR pilot, a student taking instrument training, or just need help preparing for that next instrument proficiency check, the 1998 "Instrument Insights" series from AOPA Pilot will provide valuable tips and a great way to review. |
Do you have a question? Call our experienced pilots-available weekdays between 8:30 a.m. and 6 p.m. Eastern toll-free at 800/872-2672. AOPA Flight Training Members have access to all of the features within AOPA Online. Login information is available online.
| Flight Training News |
| FLIGHT TRAINING UNVEILS EXCITING NEW WEB SITE |
AOPA this morning launched its new Flight Training Web site http://flighttraining.aopa.org, a highly interactive, graphically appealing site designed specifically to give student pilots the tools and resources they need to achieve their goal of becoming certificated pilots. AOPA turned to its experts-the experienced flight instructors staffing AOPA's Pilot Information Center-to tell us exactly what students need. And AOPA Flight Training magazine's writers and editors put it all in an easy-to-understand form. Reflecting classic training programs, the information is presented in the five phases of training, from presolo to flight-test preparation. The Virtual Flight Bag is a compendium of everything that's needed to plan a safe and fun flight, including weather, flight restrictions and notams, taxi diagrams, AOPA's Airport Directory Online, and more. CFIs will find teaching tools, special programs to attract more students, forms and documents, plus information on certificate renewal at one location. See the Web site, where you can click on a button in the upper right-hand corner to take a "quick tour" of all the new features.
JEPPESEN, U.K. FLIGHT SCHOOL TO COLLABORATE ON TRAINING TOOLS
Jeppesen and Atlantic Flight Training Ltd., a United Kingdom-based flight training organization, announced that they have formed a partnership to develop training materials for the European market. The first series is a set of airline transport pilot certificate theoretical knowledge manuals, set for release in 2005. New training products are to be released in support of other licenses and certifications, including commercial, instrument rating, and private pilot.
FLORIDA HELICOPTER COMPANY BUYS 23 SCHWEIZERS
Helicopter Adventures Inc. has ordered 23 Schweizer 300CBi helicopters-the largest single order to date, according to Schweizer Aircraft Corporation. Helicopter Adventures, with locations in Titusville, Florida, and Concord, California, has purchased 50 Schweizer helicopters over the past nine years separate from the latest agreement. "The stability of the 300CBi, its benign and predictable flight characteristics, and its conventional controls make it a wonderful tool for flight instruction," said Patrick Corr, president of Helicopter Adventures.
| Inside AOPA |
| AOPA FLY-IN SHRUGS OFF WEATHER, WELCOMES THOUSANDS |
More than 4,700 people turned out for the fourteenth annual AOPA Fly-In and Open House despite weather that remained IFR most of the day. Nearly 120 aircraft flew in on Friday and Saturday, and the rain let up on Saturday long enough to let visitors take a close-up look at static display aircraft ranging from a two-seat Diamond Eclipse to a Cessna CitationJet. The AOPA Win-A-Twin Sweepstakes Piper Twin Comanche also made an appearance before heading off to New Jersey this week to have its interior refurbished. For all the details, see the media release.
PEACE OF MIND IS A PHONE CALL AWAY
The excitement and thrill of flying brings with it serious responsibilities. AOPA's Legal Services Plan gives you peace of mind with legal protection that's both affordable and convenient. With the plan, you no longer have to worry about protecting yourself against legal problems arising from your flight activities, including FAA enforcement actions, aircraft accidents, alcohol or drug tests, state or local actions, civil penalty court cases, and U.S. Customs cases. AOPA's Legal Services Plan also helps you review hangar/tiedown and rental documents and assists you in the sale or purchase of an aircraft. To learn more or to enroll in the plan, see AOPA Online or call 800/USA-AOPA (872-2672).
HAVE YOU UPDATED YOUR AOPA MEMBER PROFILE?
To make the most of your membership and allow us to serve you better, please visit AOPA Online and update your personal member profile.
| Training Products |
| KING CD TEACHES WEATHER DECISION-MAKING |
Have you ever started flying on a beautiful day and later found yourself surrounded by ominous weather? With King Schools' Practical Risk Management for Weather CD-ROM, you can learn to recognize and anticipate the changing weather, define your personal weather minimums, recognize what risks you face in VFR and IFR conditions, and more. It aims to teach you to make confident weather decisions in the air or on the ground. The $49, 113-minute CD features interactive questions and is the second course in the Practical Risk Management Series. To order, call 800/854-1001 or visit the Web site.
| Final Exam |
| Question: When a section of airspace actually has two class designations because of an overlap, which one applies? |
Answer: The Aeronautical Information Manual (AIM), Chapter 3-1-3, Hierarchy of Overlapping Airspace Designations states that when overlapping airspace designations apply to the same airspace, the operating rules associated with the more restrictive airspace designation apply. To clarify: Class A airspace is more restrictive than Class B, C, D, E, or G; Class B more restrictive than C, D, E, or G; and so on.
Got a question for our technical services staff? E-mail to [email protected] or call the Pilot Information Center, 800/872-2672. Don't forget the online archive of "Final Exam" questions and answers, searchable by keyword or topic.
| Picture Perfect |
|The AOPA Online Gallery allows you to download your favorite images to use for wallpaper, send a personalized e-card, and order high-quality prints to be shipped directly to your doorstep. Search the hundreds of fabulous images in our archives and select your favorites today! For more details, see AOPA Online. |
| Weekend Weather |
|See the current weather on AOPA Online, provided by Meteorlogix. |
| ePilot Calendar |
| FLYING DESTINATIONS THIS WEEKEND: |
La Crosse, Wisconsin. The 2004 Airfest takes place June 12 and 13 at La Crosse Municipal (LSE). The top airshow in the Midwest is coming-see the Web site for details and to order tickets online.
St. Francis, Kansas. The Twenty-second Annual Stearman Fly-in takes place June 12 and 13 at Cheyenne County Municipal (SYF). Featuring Stearman biplanes, hot air balloons, skydivers, breakfast and lunch on field. Contact Robert Grace, 785/332-2251, or visit the Web site.
Coeur D'Alene, Idaho. Thunder Over the Prairie Airshow 2004 takes place June 12 and 13 at Coeur d'Alene Air Terminal (COE). Many demonstrations and acts; static display, military and civil; vendor's area; and evening events. Contact Hayden Chamber of Commerce, 208/772-4411, or visit the Web site.
Detroit/Grosse Ile, Michigan. The 2004 Grosse Ile Extravaganza takes place June 19 and 20 at Grosse Ile Municipal (ONZ). Celebrate the seventy-fifth anniversary of the airport with a spectacular airshow, featuring a B-2 stealth bomber and F-117A stealth fighter demo, Jim LeRoy aerobatics demonstration, and much more! Contact 519/659-3298, or visit the Web site.
Oklahoma City, Oklahoma. The Aerospace America International Airshow takes place June 18 through 20 at Will Rogers World (OKC). Great show featuring the U.S. Navy Blue Angels, kids' program, sky market, fly-ins welcome; kids 12 and under free. Contact Lois Lawson or Don Schmidt, 405/685-8546 , or visit the Web site.
Marysville, California. The Golden West EAA Regional Fly-in takes place June 18 through 20 at Yuba County (MYV). See jets, warbirds, vintage, homebuilts, ultralights, balloons, and rotorcraft-if it flies it comes to Golden West. Contact Tracy Peters, 530/741-6248, or visit the Web site.
Olympia, Washington. The Sixth Annual Olympic Airshow takes place June 18 through 20 at Olympia (OLM). Hosted by the Olympic Flight Museum, featuring the gathering of warbirds. This sixth-annual event features seven decades of military aircraft, from vintage biplanes to jets. Aircraft performing include B-17, B-24, P-51, Yak 52, and Yak 1. Contact Teri Thorning, 360/705-3925, or visit the Web site.
To submit an event to the calendar, or search all events, visit AOPA Online. For airport details, see AOPA's Airport Directory Online .
ASF FLIGHT INSTRUCTOR REFRESHER CLINICS
The next AOPA Air Safety Foundation Flight Instructor Refresher Clinics are scheduled in Phoenix; and Reston, Virginia, June 26 and 27. A clinic is also scheduled in Pittsburgh, July 10 and 11. For a complete schedule, see AOPA Online. Can't make it in person? Sign up for the CFI Renewal Online.
ASF SAFETY SEMINARS
AOPA Air Safety Foundation Safety Seminars are scheduled in Oshkosh, Wisconsin, July 28 through 31. For complete details on topics and schedules, see AOPA Online.