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Copyright © 2004 AOPA.
| Training Tips |
| SIGNS OF A STALL |
The April 30, 2004, "Training Tips" urged student pilots and flight instructors to give due attention to the flight-test task titled "Maneuvering During Slow Flight." This will help you to develop an expert feel for your aircraft's handling characteristics at high angles of attack (AOA), preventing you from becoming a stall-shy pilot. That will provide a smooth transition to the next two tasks in the Private Pilot Practical Test Standards: power-off stalls and power-on stalls, sometimes referred to, respectively, as "approach-to-landing stalls" and "takeoff-and-departure stalls." Download the PTS from AOPA Online.
Why are these maneuvers on the test? Grasping the why of maneuvers is as important as demonstrating them. "Context is everything when it comes to making flight training maneuvers meaningful to your students," columnist Rod Machado counsels in "Instructor Report" in the February 2002 AOPA Flight Training.
The maneuvers teach you to recognize and recover from stalls-covered in Chapter 3 of the Pilot's Handbook of Aeronautical Knowledge, which you can download from AOPA Online-at safe altitudes, but their intent is to safely educate pilots on how to avoid real-world stall encounters close to the ground during a landing approach or departure climb. Each task has eight objectives. Note that the entry is as important as any other aspect of the maneuver, as is ensuring that the maneuver be completed no lower than 1,500 feet above the ground. Make a smooth transition from the approach or takeoff configuration to the "pitch attitude that will induce the stall." Recover "promptly after the stall occurs," managing flap retraction as directed in the PTS. Minimize altitude loss; maintain specified heading or, in a turn, the assigned bank angle. It's a demanding set of requirements.
Here's a fine point about stalls: Although most aircraft have warning mechanisms such as horns or lights, these are not the only ways to identify a stalled condition. Airframe buffeting, a pitching down of the nose, or control ineffectiveness such as being unable to maintain altitude (informally called mushing) may be the clue, especially if the entry was hesitant or incomplete. These are "natural stall warnings," discussed in the "Flying Smart" column in the April 1998 AOPA Flight Training. Respond to them-with or without other cues. A stall is a stall, regardless of whether a horn is blowing!
| Your Partner in Training |
|AOPA offers a great deal of information resources on weather-related topics. Free AOPA Online weather by Meteorlogix will help you create a safe and efficient flight plan. AOPA's aviation subject reports provide information on density altitude, thunderstorm avoidance, and windy flight operations, among many other topics. And print out the list of National Weather Service contractions. These are handy for students and new pilots! |
Do you have a question? Call our experienced pilots-available weekdays between 8:30 a.m. and 6 p.m. Eastern toll-free at 800/872-2672. AOPA Flight Training Members have access to all of the features within AOPA Online. Login information is available online.
| Flight Training News |
| FAA SAYS NO TO GIANT REGISTRATION NUMBERS |
The FAA has turned down a petition from a Massachusetts anti-noise group to require aircraft owners to put 2-foot-high N numbers under their wings. As AOPA had argued in its comments on the petition, the FAA said the issue had been debated, studied, and decided years ago-the current 12-inch-high numbers on the fuselage are sufficient. AOPA suspected that it was a thinly veiled attempt to make it easier for the Stop The Noise group to sue pilots. See AOPA Online.
UND WINS NATIONAL FLIGHT COMPETITION
The University of North Dakota took first in the nation at the National Collegiate Flying Association's Safety and Flight Evaluation Conference (Safecon). The UND team competed against 31 other flight schools from 11 regions in the United States at Middle Tennessee State University in Murfreesboro, from April 27 to May 1. Safecon tests students' knowledge and skill level in four flying events and seven ground events. UND won with a score of 124, followed by Embry-Riddle (Prescott, Arizona, campus) with 96, and Western Michigan University with 90. This is UND's fourteenth national title in 20 years.
KINGS ELECTED TO LINDBERGH FOUNDATION BOARD
John and Martha King of King Schools have been elected to the board of directors of the Charles A. and Anne Morrow Lindbergh Foundation. Established in 1977, the foundation strives to improve the quality of life by encouraging a balance between technology and the environment. "The Lindbergh Foundation obviously has a strong connection to aviation," John King said. "Pilots have a special perspective because their use of technology to fly allows them to see and appreciate the environment in a very special way. I think this is one of the reasons we were elected to the board."
PAIFA EXPANDS MAINTENANCE TRAINING PROGRAMS
Pan Am International Flight Academy is expanding its maintenance training program in response to an increased demand for skilled aircraft mechanics, PAIFA announced. The academy plans to offer Canadair Regional Jet maintenance training and will qualify its maintenance training program under the Joint Aviation Requirements, which govern civilian aviation operations in Europe. For more information, see the Web site.
| Inside AOPA |
| BOYER ASKS MAC NOT TO PENALIZE GA PILOTS |
AOPA President Phil Boyer last week urged airport commissioners in Minneapolis not to penalize general aviation pilots as they consider financing issues at Minneapolis-St Paul International/Wold-Chamberlain Airport and six GA reliever airports in the area. One option under consideration could raise GA hangar rents at some relievers by as much as 700 percent. The Metropolitan Airports Commission (MAC) has increased GA rents only once in the past 30 years. Northwest Airlines is pressuring the commission to change the funding structure of the MAC system so that GA users pay increased fees. AOPA advised the panel to look at other options before imposing unreasonable rent increases solely on local pilots.
REGIONAL NEWS FOR YOUR STATE
California. Minnesota. Florida. You may have read stories in ePilot Flight Training Edition and on AOPA Online describing AOPA's efforts to protect and defend general aviation in these states. And you may have wondered, "That's great for those pilots, but what's AOPA doing for my state?" Find out just what AOPA is doing to support and protect airports in your area.
| Training Products |
| SPORTY'S TWIN-TASK FLASHLIGHT HAS DAY, NIGHT FUNCTIONS |
A new flashlight from Sporty's is designed to give pilots a combination of modes so that they can carry one flashlight for all lighting needs. The Twin-Task flashlight uses a LED/Xenon bulb combination that operates up to 80 hours on two D-cell batteries. A toggle switch is used to move from the "ultra-long run time" LED mode, which provides two levels of brightness for cockpit use, to the bright Xenon mode, which is appropriate for preflight and post-flight tasks. The Twin-Task flashlight ($49.95) may be ordered online from Sporty's or by calling 800/SPORTYS.
| Final Exam |
| Question: Can I get an FAA medical certificate if I'm color-blind? |
Answer: Aviation medical examiners check color vision by using special color plates. If you can't pass the initial color vision test but otherwise meet medical standards, you would likely be issued a medical certificate with the limit, "Not valid for night flight or by color signal control." If you have a medical certificate bearing a color vision limitation, there are several optional color vision tests that the FAA will allow for the removal of the restriction. Complete information on color vision is available on AOPA Online.
Got a question for our technical services staff? E-mail to [email protected] or call the Pilot Information Center, 800/872-2672. Don't forget the online archive of "Final Exam" questions and answers, searchable by keyword or topic.
| Picture Perfect |
|The AOPA Online Gallery allows you to download your favorite images to use for wallpaper, send a personalized e-card, and order high-quality prints to be shipped directly to your doorstep. Search the hundreds of fabulous images in our archives and select your favorites today! For more details, see AOPA Online. |
| What's New At AOPA Online |
|Instrument students and CFIIs: Download the newly revised Instrument Rating Practical Test Standards for Airplane, Helicopter, and Powered Lift from AOPA Online. |
| Weekend Weather |
|See the current weather on AOPA Online, provided by Meteorlogix. |
| ePilot Calendar |
| WEEKEND FLYING DESTINATIONS |
Rochester, New York. Rochester Wings 2004 takes place May 8 and 9 at Greater Rochester International (ROC). The largest general aviation event in New York, featuring seminars, exhibits, vendors, new aircraft, Young Eagles rally, banquet, fly-in breakfast, and much more. Contact Brian Blazey, 585/463-3815, or visit the Web site.
Shafter, California. A Warbirds in Action Airshow takes place May 8 at Shafter-Minter Field (MIT). Airshow theme is World War II naval aviation in the Pacific. Contact Jim Whitehead, 661/837-1551.
Lumberton, North Carolina. The Mid-Atlantic Fly-In and Sport Aviation Convention takes place May 14 through 16 at Lumberton Municipal (LBT). A new grass-roots aviation event in the spirit of the great traditional fly-ins of years gone by. Contact Dale Faux, 863/709-9390, or visit the Web site.
To submit an event to the calendar, or search all events, visit AOPA Online. For airport details, see AOPA's Airport Directory Online .
ASF FLIGHT INSTRUCTOR REFRESHER CLINICS
The next AOPA Air Safety Foundation Flight Instructor Refresher Clinics are scheduled in Kansas City, Missouri, and Albany, New York, May 15 and 16. Clinics are also scheduled in Sacramento, California, and Fort Lauderdale, Florida, May 22 and 23. For a complete schedule, see AOPA Online. Can't make it in person? Sign up for the CFI Renewal Online.
ASF SAFETY SEMINARS
AOPA Air Safety Foundation Safety Seminars are scheduled in Upton, New York, and Providence, Rhode Island, May 17; Billerica, Massachusetts, and White Plains, New York, May 18; Portsmouth, New Hampshire, and Poughkeepsie, New York, May 19; and Morristown, New Jersey, May 20. For complete details on topics and schedules, see AOPA Online.