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Copyright © 2004 AOPA.
| Training Tips |
| RUNWAY GRADIENT |
Looking up the specs of a runway you are about to use for the first time is educational, as well as your responsibility as a pilot. Having checked it out in the FAA's Airport Facility/Directory (AF/D) or AOPA's Airport Directory Online , you then study the forecast surface winds and apply the information to your calculation of takeoff and landing performance requirements. However, there's an easily overlooked item that might alter your calculations: runway slope or gradient. Did you check for that?
Many aircraft pilot's operating handbooks give performance data that assume you are flying from a dry, paved, level runway. When does runway slope become a factor in your planning? "If it's enough of an upslope that you can actually see it, the normal under-150-horsepower light airplane will feel its effect and may take 10- to 15-percent more runway to get off. If it looks fairly steep, then it really is steep and you'd be amazed how hard the airplane has to work to get up to speed," writes Budd Davisson in his 1998 Flight Training essay "What Makes a Runway Short?"
Here is a rule of thumb: For every 1 degree of upslope, add 10 percent to your takeoff roll. Or add 10 percent to your landing roll when touching down on a 1-degree down-sloping runway. There are extreme cases, such as some mountain airstrips, where a steeply sloped runway combined with obstructions and frequent high-density altitude conditions require that all takeoffs and landings be in a designated direction, regardless of winds. Such airports are called one-way strips. Read more about the topic in the July 2003 AOPA Flight Training column "The Weather Never Sleeps: Density Altitude."
The next time you research an unfamiliar runway in AOPA's Airport Directory Online, review the airport diagram in the terminal procedures section for notations about runway slope. To see how such notes appear in the AF/D, download Chapter 12 of the Pilot's Handbook of Aeronautical Knowledge. Slope notations may be obscure and difficult to locate, but finding them will help you have the complete picture of that next takeoff or landing.
| Your Partner in Training |
|As an AOPA member, you also have access to AOPA's flagship publication- AOPA Pilot magazine. Visit the AOPA Pilot archives on AOPA Online for a wealth of information right at your fingertips. From training information to safety articles to legal issues to aviation careers-and more-be sure to take advantage of this additional AOPA member benefit to get the most out of your training. |
Do you have a question? Call our experienced pilots-available weekdays between 8:30 a.m. and 6 p.m. Eastern-toll-free at 800/872-2672. As an AOPA Flight Training Member, you have access to all of the features within AOPA Online and AOPA Flight Training Online. Login information is available online.
| Flight Training News |
| AOPA RAISES CONCERNS OVER 'ALIEN TRAINING' RULE |
After a comprehensive review, AOPA is raising concerns that the Transportation Security Administration's (TSA's) new "alien training" rule may hit every U.S. pilot, flight instructor, and flight school. Unless TSA clarifies that U.S. citizens are exempt, starting next month, it is possible that no one will be able to complete flight training-including flight reviews-without some type of TSA check. "That clearly was not the intent of Congress," said AOPA President Phil Boyer. "We worked with lawmakers as they were drafting 'Vision 100,' the FAA reauthorization act, to make sure TSA was directed to focus on the problem-foreign terrorists attempting to get flight training in the U.S." After a careful parsing of the rule's language by AOPA's legal and regulatory staff, the association has determined the potential impact is significant. "As the rule is written now, it is an unacceptable blow to flight training and honest general aviation pilots," said Boyer. But TSA Administrator David Stone assured AOPA that the agency's intent was to vet foreign nationals, not U.S. citizens, applying for flight training. He said the agency did not want to harm the industry. And he directed his staff to work with AOPA. Read more on this developing story.
SPORT PILOT PTS, KNOWLEDGE TEST SET FOR OCTOBER RELEASE
The FAA plans to issue practical test standards for the new sport pilot certificate early next month, with a knowledge test to be issued October 20. The agency outlined its timetable at a meeting with industry officials in Oklahoma City in which the two sides worked on testing standards and other details that are needed to implement the Sport Pilot and Light-Sport Aircraft regulations. During the meeting, AOPA advocated for test standards that will ensure sport pilots have the knowledge to operate safely within the current airspace and airport system. The FAA agreed. The association also reviewed the knowledge test questions for sport pilots, many of which will be taken from the existing private pilot questions. The ultralight community will provide its test questions to the FAA for possible inclusion in the sport pilot knowledge test. The FAA will begin accepting sport pilot student applications on November 15 using a new FAA Form 8710-11. For more, see the news story on AOPA Online.
GROUP PUBLISHES 'COLLEGIATE AVIATION GUIDE'
The arrival of fall usually heralds cooler temperatures, autumn leaves, and high school students starting the college search. University Aviation Association has published the third edition of its Collegiate Aviation Guide, a directory of 114 postsecondary institutions that offer aviation programs in the United States and Canada. Students and parents will find comprehensive listings that include information on program and degree offerings, tuition, enrollment, certification, transfer credit, and more. The guide is $29.95 plus $5 shipping and handling ($24.95 for UAA members). To order, see the Web site or call 334/844-2434.
GARMIN G1000 GROUND SCHOOL DRAWS CINCINNATI-AREA PILOTS
Where's the fun in having a brand-new Cessna 182 equipped with an all-glass cockpit if you don't know how to use the display? That could be why more than 20 pilots attended a four-hour ground school focused specifically on the Garmin G1000 glass cockpit at Clermont County Airport in Cincinnati, Ohio. The ground school was sponsored by Eastern Cincinnati Aviation, an affiliate of Sporty's Pilot Shop, which recently added a G1000-equipped 182 to its fleet. Eastern Cincinnati Aviation says it is planning additional glass-cockpit ground-school sessions.
| Inside AOPA |
| WEINER AGREES NOT TO TARGET GA AFTER MEETING WITH AOPA |
New York Congressman Anthony Weiner won't be targeting fixed-wing general aviation aircraft with security legislation after all. AOPA President Phil Boyer and Vice President of Legislative Affairs Jon Hixson had a substantive discussion with Weiner on Wednesday afternoon to explain GA security and reiterate AOPA members' opposition to his current security bill. At the conclusion of the meeting, Weiner said, "Tell your members I will not be pursuing fixed-wing aircraft. I will do further study on helicopter operations in New York City with a better understanding of Part 91 versus charter and sightseeing operations." Weiner introduced legislation that would require airline-style security screening and "continuous contact with the FAA" for every GA flight, and prohibit flight over densely populated cities or within 1,500 feet of any building. Weiner indicated that he has a better appreciation now of the security measures in place for GA. See AOPA Online.
HAVE YOU UPDATED YOUR AOPA MEMBER PROFILE?
To make the most of your membership and allow us to serve you better, please visit AOPA Online and update your personal member profile.
| Training Products |
| DISSECT AN AIRPLANE WITH VTS INC. AIRCRAFT SYSTEMS SOFTWARE |
Apart from spending quality time with an airframe and powerplant technician, you can't get as close to your aircraft systems as you can with VTS Inc. software for the Cessna Skyhawk, and Piper Seminole and Warrior. The animation and simple simulations help you to clarify and understand each aircraft system's function. AOPA Flight Training Contributing Editor Julie K. Boatman found the graphics in the Piper Seminole CD to be professional and clear and the menu navigation easy, with the ability to right-click on many items for further explanation of how they function within the system. A Skyhawk CD released in 2001 features similar animation and graphics; a Piper Warrior CD also is available. The software sells for $179.95 (Seminole); $89.95 (Skyhawk); and $79.95 (Warrior). For more information, see the Web site.
Note: Products listed have not been evaluated by ePilot editors unless otherwise noted. AOPA assumes no responsibility for products or services listed or for claims or actions by manufacturers or vendors.
| Final Exam |
| Question: I own my airplane and am taking flight lessons in it. Although I pay the flight instructor, the airplane itself is not a rental nor is it for hire. Do I need to comply with the 100-hour inspections required of rental aircraft? |
Answer: Good question. Although FAR 91.409(b) states that "no person may give flight instruction for hire in an aircraft which that person provides, unless within the preceding 100 hours of time in service the aircraft has received an annual or 100-hour inspection...," this applies when the flight instructor "provides" the aircraft for instruction or hire. If an aircraft owner, who is not a flight instructor, hires an independent CFI to receive dual instruction, the 100-hour inspection is NOT required. For more information, see AOPA Online.
Got a question for our technical services staff? E-mail to [email protected] or call the Pilot Information Center, 800/872-2672. Don't forget the online archive of "Final Exam" questions and answers, searchable by keyword or topic.
| Picture Perfect |
|The AOPA Online Gallery allows you to download your favorite images to use for wallpaper, send a personalized e-card, and order high-quality prints to be shipped directly to your doorstep. Search the hundreds of fabulous images in our archives and select your favorites today! For more details, see AOPA Online. |
| What's New At AOPA Online |
|When flying with another pilot, it's sometimes easy to ignore warning signs that a flight might not be safe. The latest installment of Never Again Online reveals how a flight review given by a friend and neighbor became a deadly nighttime encounter with clouds. |
| Weekend Weather |
|See the current weather on AOPA Online, provided by Meteorlogix. |
| ePilot Calendar |
| FLYING DESTINATIONS THIS WEEKEND: |
Nashua, New Hampshire. The Daniel Webster College Aviation Heritage Festival takes place September 25 and 26 at Boire Field (ASH). Featuring speakers, panelists, and activities, this year's festival will include many military and historic airplanes. Contact Annette Kurman, 603/577-6625, or visit the Web site.
Teterboro, New Jersey. Wings and Wheels Expo 2004 takes place September 25 and 26 at Teterboro (TEB). The expo will feature a B-17 (rides available), C-54, F-14, F-18, A-10, and many more. Aviation memorabilia, food, and antique autos and military vehicles also will be on display. Contact the New Jersey Aviation Hall of Fame and Museum, 201/288-6344, or visit the Web site.
Astoria, Oregon. The Astoria Airport/U.S. Coast Guard Air Fair and Open House takes place September 24 through 26 at Astoria Regional (AST). The main event is September 25 from 10 a.m. to 3 p.m. Grand opening scheduled for noon. Aircraft displays, flight demonstrations, and military displays. Fly-in and camping Friday through Sunday. Tiedown fees only. Contact John Raichl, 503/325-8635 or 503/325-8720.
Middle River, Maryland. Airfest/Baltimore County Waterfront Festival takes place October 2 at Martin State (MTN) from 10 a.m. to 7 p.m. Presented by the Glenn L. Martin Maryland Aviation Museum. The Collings Foundation will be participating with its World War II B-17 and B-24 aircraft. Contact Gil Pascal, 410/682-6122.
St. Louis, Missouri. The Great War Fly-in takes place October 2 and 3 at Creve Coeur (1H0). Featuring a manned replica World War I fighter aircraft. Inspect the aircraft, talk to pilots and builders, and learn how to build your own World War I warbird. Contact Chris O'Neal, 314/638-1550, or visit the Web site.
Albuquerque, New Mexico. The Albuquerque International Balloon Fiesta takes place October 2 through 10 at Balloon Fiesta Park. The most spectacular ballooning event in the world. Contact Pat Brake, 888/422-7277, or visit the Web site.
To submit an event to the calendar or to search all events visit AOPA Online. For airport details, see AOPA's Airport Directory Online .
ASF FLIGHT INSTRUCTOR REFRESHER COURSES
The next AOPA Air Safety Foundation Flight Instructor Refresher Courses are scheduled in San Jose, California, and Indianapolis, October 2 and 3. Courses are also scheduled in San Bernardino, California, Windsor, Connecticut, and Fort Lauderdale, Florida, October 9 and 10. For a complete schedule, see AOPA Online. Can't make it in person? Sign up for the CFI Renewal Online.
ASF SAFETY SEMINARS
AOPA Air Safety Foundation Safety Seminars are scheduled in St. Louis, Albuquerque, New Mexico, and San Antonio, September 27; Olathe, Kansas, and West Houston, Texas, September 28; Tucson, Arizona, Springfield, Missouri, and Fort Worth, Texas, September 29; and Mesa, Arizona, and Austin, Texas, September 30. The topic is "GPS: Beyond Direct-To." For complete details, see AOPA Online.