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Copyright © 2006 AOPA.
| Training Tips |
Before you are approved to fly solo in your training aircraft, you must receive and log flight training in 15 maneuvers and procedures set forth in Section 61.87 of the Federal Aviation Regulations covering solo requirements for student pilots. Item 10 on that list deals with "stall entries from various flight attitudes and power combinations with recovery initiated at the first indication of a stall, and recovery from a full stall." What is the difference between the two instances of stall recoveries given? And what are the indications of a stall?
As your airplane approaches its critical angle of attack during entry to a stall, its responsiveness to your control manipulation decays. The oncoming stall may be heralded next by aerodynamic buffeting that you can feel through the controls, or by activation of the mechanical stall warning. Sometimes-especially if the entry was hesitant or too gradual-the airplane may simply develop a sink rate despite the pilot's efforts to maintain the original flight attitude. Any of these are "indications" that a stalled angle of attack has been reached. Don't wait for the mechanical stall warning to confirm what you otherwise sense-this is a common error. If the task is to recover at the first indication of a stall, do so! When you practice recoveries from full stalls, the entry will progress beyond those early indications. The resulting stall reaction will be more pronounced; the aircraft may pitch down abruptly or buffet strongly. Learning the various methods of recognition and the appropriate means of recovery is a vital pilot skill, discussed in depth in Chapter 4 of the Airplane Flying Handbook (AFH). (Take a glance at the chapter's discussion of a recognition method known as "kinesthesia.")
Your flight instructor will teach you how to recover effectively from stalls with a minimum loss of altitude-a requirement when you demonstrate stall recoveries on your flight test-while avoiding a secondary stall (explained in the AFH chapter given above). Gauge your technique against the recovery method described by Rod Machado in "Nix the Negative Gs" in his October 2005 AOPA Flight Training commentary.
Practice the 15 required maneuvers and procedures with your instructor until you are sharp and confident. Then move on to one of flying's greatest thrills-solo!
| Your Partner in Training |
|It's a beautiful day to go flying. You've preflighted the aircraft, but what about the pilot? A lingering head or chest cold, fatigue, stress (at home or at work)-any or all of these factors could mean you're not in the best shape to fly. Use the FAA's I'M SAFE checklist each time you prepare to fly. (Read more about this checklist on AOPA Online). For more insights on pilot health, see Budd Davisson's July 2005 AOPA Flight Training feature "To Go, or No?" If you have questions, call the Pilot Information Center at 800/USA-AOPA weekdays from 8:30 a.m. to 6 p.m. Eastern. |
As an AOPA Flight Training Member, you have access to all of the features within AOPA Online and AOPA Flight Training Online. Login information is available online.
| Flight Training News |
| EMBRY-RIDDLE DISCONTINUES ACCELERATED TRAINING PROGRAM |
Embry-Riddle Aeronautical University announced last week that it is discontinuing its Commercial Airline Pilot Training program as of February 14. Launched in 2004, CAPT was an intensive ab initio program designed to take enrollees with few or no flight hours to regional airline readiness in as little as 12 months. "While graduates were successfully placed as pilots for regional and cargo carriers, the university decided the program did not fit into its strategic plans for the future," ERAU said in a news release. The university plans to focus efforts and resources on its flagship pilot training programs at its residential campuses in Daytona Beach, Florida, and Prescott, Arizona. The CAPT program is operated at Flagler County Airport in Bunnell, Florida, and current enrollees will complete their training at that facility.
2005 BROUGHT BRISK SALES FOR CT LIGHT SPORT AIRCRAFT
Flight Design USA, distributor of the low-wing CT light sport aircraft, delivered 45 CTs to U.S. customers in 2005. An equal number of deliveries is scheduled for early 2006, according to Flight Design USA President Tom Peghiny. "We're delivering aircraft at a pace of eight per month, and we anticipate increasing that number in coming months," he said. The German manufacturer of the CT is increasing its production capacity, and Flight Design USA has added a national sales and service network, he said. For more information, see the Web site.
PILOT DESIGNS COST-COMPARISON WEB SITE FOR RENTERS
Pilots are driven to help each other, it seems, in any way they can. New pilot Chris Archer of San Francisco is an example: He's spent the last six months creating a Web site that lets users scope out the best deals in rental aircraft. For now his database encompasses only California-admittedly a pretty big market-but Archer says he is working his way east and invites users to sign up for the free service so that he can target his information-gathering efforts appropriately. He says the site will feature not only hourly rental prices, but also options like whether or not a particular airplane has a glass cockpit, autopilot, or GPS. "I want all of the students behind me, and pilots who rent, to be able to use this tool to save them money," Archer said.
FLIGHTSAFETY FOUNDER TO RECEIVE HUMANITARIAN AWARD
FlightSafety International founder A. L. Ueltschi will receive the ORBIS Lifetime Achievement Award on February 16. Ueltschi helped to found ORBIS International, an international nonprofit organization that operates the world's only Flying Eye Hospital. He secured the donation of a Douglas DC-8 and oversaw its conversion into a state-of-the-art ophthalmic surgical hospital. The DC-8 has since been replaced by a widebody DC-10. The flying eye hospital has visited more than 70 countries, where ORBIS medical volunteers have trained local country doctors and medical staff to prevent blindness and restore sight. The organization estimates that Ueltschi's contributions have restored sight to 22.5 million people worldwide.
| Inside AOPA |
ADIZ COMMENT PERIOD CLOSES ON A RECORD; AOPA DOESN'T STOP
More than 21,380 comments. That's a record number of responses to an FAA notice of proposed rulemaking. And AOPA members from across the nation should be proud that they answered the call to help strike down a permanent air defense identification zone (ADIZ) around the Washington-Baltimore area. But will it do any good? "I can tell you that the incredible number of comments made a huge impression on congressional staffers," said Andy Cebula, AOPA executive vice president of government affairs. AOPA on Monday briefed more than 40 of the key aides to members of Congress, aides that help influence lawmakers’ positions on issues and help them write legislation. "We made it clear that their constituents, pilots who vote for their bosses, are deeply concerned about the spread of ADIZs to other parts of the country. The number of comments was a forceful reflection of that concern." See AOPA Online.
HAVE YOU UPDATED YOUR AOPA MEMBER PROFILE?
To make the most of your membership and allow us to serve you better, please visit AOPA Online and update your personal member profile.
| Training Products |
SEAT CUSHIONS OFFER BACK SUPPORT, PROPER HEIGHT
"If you have to lean forward to see over the instrument panel, you aren't sitting correctly," says a local flight instructor. Fortunately this is a problem easily remedied, thanks to manufacturers like Oregon Aero, which specializes in seat cushion systems for all kinds of aircraft. And for those who rent aircraft and need a seat cushion that they can take with them, Oregon Aero offers the Portable Universal Softseat Cushion System. Cushion bases in sizes ranging from half an inch to 2 inches start at $109. Also available are portable lumbar support cushions that can be zipped to the bases ($46), and combination cushion bases with adjustable lumbar support ($179). For more information or to order, call 800/888-6910, or see the Web site.
Note: Products listed have not been evaluated by ePilot editors unless otherwise noted. AOPA assumes no responsibility for products or services listed or for claims or actions by manufacturers or vendors.
| Final Exam |
| Question: Why should my scan for traffic differ when flying during the day compared to flying at night? |
Answer: Your scan should change when flying from day to night because of how your eyes "see." What your eyes "see" is a result of light striking the retina located at the back of the eye. The retina is made up of both cones and rods. The cones are mainly concentrated in the center of the retina, with the highest concentration in the fovea located behind the retina. The cones allow you to perceive color and also allow you to look straight at an image and enable you to focus on it. Therefore, when flying during the day, your best vision is looking directly at an object. Rods are much more sensitive than cones and are much better in dim light or at night. Rods are concentrated outside the fovea and are largely responsible for your peripheral vision. Because rods are located outside or around the fovea, there is a blind spot when looking directly at an object at night. Therefore, off-center viewing at night is best. See AOPA Online for additional information on vision while flying and night flying tips.
Got a question for our technical services staff? E-mail to email@example.com or call the Pilot Information Center, 800/872-2672. Don't forget the online archive of "Final Exam" questions and answers, searchable by keyword or topic.
| Picture Perfect |
|Looking for some really fabulous aviation photography? All the air-to-air photos and beautifully detailed ground images used by AOPA Pilot magazine over the years are yours at the click of a mouse button. Download your favorite images to use for wallpaper, send an e-postcard, or order prints online. For more details, see AOPA Online. |
| What's New At AOPA Online |
|How big must an airplane's N number be? Can you fly an airplane that has a 2-inch N number into an air defense identification zone? Can you keep a 2-inch N number if your airplane is repainted? Find out the answers in the aviation subject report, "Aircraft 'N Number' Markings." |
| Weekend Weather |
|See the current weather on AOPA Online, provided by Meteorlogix. |
| ePilot Calendar |
| FLYING DESTINATIONS THIS WEEKEND: |
Vero Beach, Florida. Aviation Day takes place February 11 at Vero Beach Municipal (VRB). This annual event will feature 40 show planes, and the Collings Foundation giving rides and tours of the B-17 and B-25. Contact Bill Zorc, 772/713-0607, or visit the Web site.
Miami, Florida. Wings Over Miami Historic Warbird Aviation Week takes place February 15 through 19 at Tamiami Kendall Executive (TMB). Featuring B-17, B-25, F-86, PBY, and more. Don't miss the airshows Saturday and Sunday, featuring Dale Snodgrass, Fred Cabanas, Steve Oliver, Gary Ward, and more. Contact Denny Moore, 305/233-5197, or visit the Web site.
To submit an event to the calendar or to search all events visit AOPA Online. For airport details, see AOPA's Airport Directory Online.
FLIGHT INSTRUCTOR REFRESHER CLINICS
The next AOPA Air Safety Foundation Flight Instructor Refresher Clinics are scheduled in Baton Rouge, Louisiana; Las Vegas; Kent, Ohio; and Sterling, Virginia; February 25 and 26. Clinics are also scheduled in Phoenix, and Orlando, Florida, March 4 and 5. For a complete schedule, see AOPA Online. Can't make it in person? Sign up for the CFI Refresher Online.
AOPA AIR SAFETY FOUNDATION SAFETY SEMINARS
AOPA Air Safety Foundation Safety Seminars are scheduled in Eugene, Oregon, February 21; Portland, Oregon, February 22; and Seattle, February 23. The topic is "Do the Right Thing-Decision Making for Pilots." Safety Seminars will also be held February 25 during the Northwest Aviation Conference and Trade Show in Puyallup, Washington. For more details and a complete schedule, see AOPA Online.