AOPA will be closing at 2:30pm on Friday, May 24th and will also be closed on Monday, May 27th. We will reopen Tuesday morning, May 28th th at 8:30am ET.
Get extra lift from AOPA. Start your free membership trial today! Click here

IFR Fix: Knowledge is power


A pilot is seeking rainy-day advice from two instrument-rated friends about training for the instrument rating. Conversation ranges from available training aircraft to time involved and cost.

There are several good instructors around, the friends say, but call Cold-Front Frank first.

Talk turns to the instrument knowledge test (formerly the written test, a term that still holds much sway).

“The first thing to do is hit the books and nail that test,” says one pilot.

“Sorry, I disagree,” says the other. “What’s the rush? You might score better if you get some experience first.”

The prospective instrument student finds this unexpected debating point intriguing.

The first pilot mentions an article that urged students to get the knowledge test out of the way.

The dissenting pilot cites other published advice pointing out that a high score might impress the designated examiner on checkride day.

The first pilot responds that he took a weekend ground school and passed the knowledge test at the end, with a fine score.

Still, certain test topics do make more sense after you have done some practice instrument flying than if you try to puzzle them out at home, he said. Faced with a test question asking which of several illustrations represented an airplane “on the 210-degree magnetic bearing FROM the NDB,” solving it took too much time.

“I had never used NDB before,” he said.

The other nodded.

“Understanding the concept of primary and supporting instruments is something else that comes along with practical experience,” he said, opening a page of sample test questions on his iPad.

“I had a question like this: Which instrument provides the most pertinent information (primary) for bank control in straight-and-level flight?

A) Turn and slip indicator.
B) Attitude indicator.
C) Heading indicator.”

“It’s not A,” said the advice-seeker. “Is it B?”

“It’s C,” the pilot said. “My instructor says that one trips up many people.”

All agreed that if you take the test too early it might expire—expensive!

Out of the murk, Cold-Front Frank suddenly appears. The retired pilot with a zillion hours still teaches to keep his hand in, and legend has it that you’ll be up there shooting approaches with CF Frank when waterfowl are calling in sick.

They flag Frank down and ask when he would want an applicant to take a knowledge test.

“When you’re ready,” Frank says.

Dan Namowitz
Dan Namowitz
Dan Namowitz has been writing for AOPA in a variety of capacities since 1991. He has been a flight instructor since 1990 and is a 35-year AOPA member.
Topics: IFR, Technique, IFR

Related Articles