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Feb. 10, 2012, issue of 'AOPA' ePilot: Flight Training Edition'Feb. 10, 2012, issue of 'AOPA' ePilot: Flight Training Edition'

AOPA ePilot

In This Issue:

VOLUME 12, ISSUE 6 — February 10, 2012

A tailwind on base
Showalter waives fees for students
Plane Spotter: Glasair
Final Exam: IR/VR Routes


Safety >>

Picture Perfect

Picture Perfect >>


AOPA Live >>

Training Tips

A tailwind on base

Training TipIt's a good day for some practice in the traffic pattern. The wind is blowing, but well within your logbook limitations, and it's a direct crosswind—a tantalizing opportunity to nail a few landings using the techniques you have learned.

Sure enough, immediately after takeoff you sense the crosswind's effect on your track, so you set up a crab angle to track the extended runway centerline in the climb. Once you get established on the downwind leg at pattern altitude, it will be necessary to set up a crab angle there too.

There's an even more important element of this common scenario to consider: Will today's crosswind give you a tailwind or a headwind on the base leg? Knowing which to expect is essential for avoiding overshooting the turn to final—a problem that leads to many go-arounds and occasional accidents resulting from steep or uncoordinated maneuvering by pilots too stubborn—or too rattled—to abandon the approach and try again.

Suppose you are flying a left downwind, crabbed a few degrees to the right to prevent your aircraft from drifting closer to the runway. That wind condition promises a tailwind—and an increase in your groundspeed—starting when you turn base. If you flew your downwind leg too close to the runway, now you're set up to overshoot the turn to final.

On the other hand, if your crab angle on that downwind must be to the left (that is, a few degrees toward the runway), you can expect a headwind, and reduced groundspeed, on base.

At a tower-controlled airport it may be possible to arrange to fly both left- and right-hand traffic patterns so that you can experience both effects during your practice session. Considering that in an eight-knot direct crosswind, the difference in your groundspeed will be 16 knots between a left base leg and a right base leg flown at the same indicated airspeed, it's an eye-opening exercise.

Any time you have to land with a crosswind, the other pattern legs will need adjustment as well. If that means that you can expect a tailwind on base, fly a traffic pattern that gives you enough room, and enough time, to make a smooth, accurate turn onto final approach. A review of the Air Safety Institute's Mastering Takeoffs and Landings Safety Advisor will help broaden your understanding even further.

Flight Training News

Flight school victimized by renter's smuggling arrest

A Southern California flight school owner faces the loss of his two-year-old business, along with the Cessna 172 he rented to a well-known customer. On Jan. 20, border patrol agents arrested a man on suspicion of transporting illegal immigrants using the rented Skyhawk. The aircraft was seized, and the flight school owner doesn't know if he'll ever see it again. Read more >>

Moving beyond the private certificate

Receiving your inital pilot certificate is just the start of your aviation training. Part of learning to fly faster and bigger aircraft involves learning the various systems of those aircraft. Retractable landing gear, oxygen systems, and turbocharged engines are all things you may run across as you transition to more complex airplanes. Find out how much you know about these components in the latest safety quiz from the Air Safety Institute, underwritten by the AOPA Insurance Agency. Take the quiz >>

Showalter waives fees for students

Want to fly to a busy, towered airport but afraid of the high fees? Now you and your instructor can visit Showalter Flying Service at Orlando Executive Airport and pay no facility or handling fees. Chairman Bob Showalter says the purpose is to support students and get them experience at larger airports. He is encouraging other FBO operators to do the same.

Things you never want to see in DC

The F-16 suddenly appeared off the left wing of the GippsAero G-8 Airvan. It wagged its wings, and its engine, in afterburner, shook the sky like an aerial earthquake. It's a sight you don't want to see, but general aviation pilots should know how to recognize, and respond to, instructions from a U.S. military or law enforcement aircraft if they ever find themselves with an unwanted escort. AOPA Pilot Senior Editor Dave Hirschman came along for a practice intercept. Read more and watch clips from the intercept >>

Training Resources

Whether you just started flight training or passed the private pilot checkride, you may have questions about the practical aspects of flying VFR at night. As serene as the night sky may be, sparse ground lights or a pitch-dark night may prove challenging: It could be difficult to distinguish landmarks, terrain, and weather. Night VFR flight planning takes on another dimension well beyond your usual VFR daytime flight planning. Bolster your knowledge and fly prepared with the Air Safety Institute's Night VFR Flight Safety Spotlight.


Did you know that student pilots who join AOPA are three times more likely to complete their flight training? Membership includes unlimited access to aviation information by phone (800/USA-AOPA, weekdays from 8:30 a.m. to 6 p.m. Eastern time) or from Flight Training Online or AOPA Online. If you're not already a member, join today and get the pilot’s edge. Login information is available online.


LSA update from Sebring

LSA update from Sebring Are you training in or considering a light sport aircraft? Be sure to check out AOPA's coverage of the 2012 U.S. Sport Aviation Expo in Sebring, Fla.—the premier show for LSAs. You'll hear from industry expert Dan Johnson as he talks about the impact of the economy on LSAs, which tried-and-true design brings buyers to the table (hint: think yellow), and the light sport community's reaction to a plan to permit pilots flying recreationally to use a driver's license medical standard. Watch the video >>

Career Pilot

American outlines restructuring plan

American Airlines on Feb. 1 outlined a business plan to transform the airline and restore it to industry leadership, profitability, and growth. The plan targets an annual financial improvement of more than $3 billion by 2017: $2 billion in cost savings—including average annual employee-related savings of $1.25 billion—and $1 billion in revenue enhancements. The carrier will overhaul its fleet, reducing fuel, maintenance, and financing costs. All employee groups, including management, must reduce their total costs by 20 percent to save an average of $1.25 billion annually from 2012 through 2017; the workforce will be reduced by about 13,000 employees.

FMLA extended to cover flight crews

Nearly two decades after the Family Medical Leave Act (FMLA) was signed into law, its coverage has been extended to air carrier flight crews. Secretary of Labor Hilda Solis on Jan. 30 announced the implementation of the Airline Flight Crew Family and Medical Leave Act. The FMLA requires most employers to provide job-protected unpaid leave to employees who have worked 60 percent of a full-time schedule over the course of a year. However, the courts and federal agencies narrowly defined the "full time schedule" as that of a traditional 40-hour work week, excluding employees whose schedules do not fall within the traditional 9-to-5 workday. The Airline Flight Crew FMLA corrects this misinterpretation of the original legislation.

Plane Spotter

Glasair: Experimental speedster

Glasair It's a kitplane with a familiar name. Seeing one on a general aviation airport ramp is not at all uncommon—with about 3,000 total kits having been delivered—and yes, these airplanes are as fast as they look. The two-place, low-wing kitplane described is a member of the Glasair II family, and it comes in both fixed-gear and retractable models. You can even build yourself a Glasair configured as a taildragger. There is a souped-up model, the Glasair III. How fast? Think of published cruise speeds more than 300 mph.

Training Products

DRE 8001 ANR headset with Bluetooth

The DRE 8001 active noise reduction (ANR) headset is now available with Bluetooth capability. Sold by Headsets Inc., the unit integrates a Lynx Bluetooth audio controller into the headset. The Lynx unit features rechargeable lithium-ion batteries that can be recharged by plugging into the included charger, plugging into a computer USB port with the included cable, or from aircraft power via the included cigarette lighter adaptor. The battery will power the unit for 12 to 15 hours. The DRE 8001 with Lynx Bluetooth interface is available at an introductory price of $599 through June 30. See the website.


Note: Products listed have not been evaluated by ePilot editors unless otherwise noted. AOPA assumes no responsibility for products or services listed or for claims or actions by manufacturers or vendors.

Member Benefits

Before you see the AME …

There are numerous steps you can take to make your appointment with the aviation medical examiner go more smoothly, according to Dr. Jonathan Sackier. You can start with something as simple as scheduling your appointment early in the month that it's due to give yourself some time in the event something needs to be corrected. Read more >>

Treat yourself this Valentine's Day at the AOPA Store

The AOPA Store is chock-full of items that any pilot or aircraft owner would want. These are products that have been screened by pilots, tested by pilots, and approved by pilots to ensure that the AOPA logo is placed only on the highest-quality merchandise. Stroll the virtual aisles of the AOPA Store and you'll find shirts, jackets, hats, wallets, watches, books, DVDs, training materials, and much more. Every purchase you make at the AOPA Store will help maintain the freedom, safety, and affordability of general aviation.


Your first trainer

It might have a face only a pilot could love, but your first trainer will hold a place in your heart that no other airplane can occupy. Flight Training Technical Editor Jill Tallman got a change to go back to those days when she was first learning to fly a sporty-looking little low-wing airplane named for a Caribbean island. Read about it in the Flight Training blog.

S-turns on the slopes

Have you ever encountered an everyday activity that mirrored something you do in aviation? For AOPA Online Managing Editor Alyssa Miller, a lesson on the ski slopes brought back some memories of doing S-turns in primary training. Read more in the Reporting Points blog.

AOPA Career Opportunities

Ever dream of turning your passion for aviation into a career? We’re looking for an online product manager, marketing specialist–products, aviation education program developer, accounting manager, chief flight instructor, manager of flight training programs, and associate editor–Web/ ePilot. To learn more about other AOPA career opportunities, visit AOPA Online.


Picture Perfect

AOPA’s online photo gallery allows you to upload your own aviation photography as well as view, rate, and comment on others’ photos. Your favorite aviation images from AOPA Pilot are still available online through this new gallery. Take a look, and submit your own photos!

Facebook Become a fan

RSS feed Subscribe to the RSS feed

Picture Perfect


Want something to do this weekend? Planning an aviation getaway? See your personalized online calendar of events . We’ve enhanced our calendar so that with one click you can see all of the events listed in the regions you selected when personalizing ePilot . Now you can browse events in your region to make planning easier. You can also bookmark the personalized calendar page to check it as often as you want. Before you take off on an adventure, make sure you check our current aviation weather provided by Jeppesen.

To include an event or to search all events in the calendar, visit AOPA Online. For airport details, including FBO fuel prices, see AOPA Airports.

Final Exam

Question: I am familiar with instrument (IR) and visual (VR) military training routes (MTR) consisting of three or four digits. The other day, I was looking on the Jacksonville Sectional and I noticed that there are VR and IR routes with only two digits. I've never seen those before. Are they the same as those with three and four digits?


Answer: Yes. IR or VR routes that include one or more segments above 1,500 feet above ground level are identified by three numbers, and IR or VR routes with no segment above 1,500 feet agl are identified by four numbers. Now you might be saying, "What about routes such as IR18 near St. Simons Island, Ga., or VR45 or VR25 south of Savannah/Hilton Head International Airport?" They only have two digits. Well, the actual assigned number is 018, 045, or 025, respectively. When they are charted the preceding zero is dropped. There are more than 500 military training routes (MTRs) across the country divided up roughly equally between visual routes and instrument routes. The numbers associated with these routes are assigned by region. The nine regions are Southern, Southwest, Western-Pacific, Northwest Mountain, Central, Great Lakes, Eastern, New England, and Alaska. Numbers 001-099 are assigned to MTRs in the Southern region. 


Got a question for our technical services staff? Email [email protected] or call the Pilot Information Center, 800/872-2672. Don’t forget the online archive of “Final Exam” questions and answers, searchable by keyword or topic.

Instrument Tip

IFR Fix: Did you peek?

IFR Fix: Did you peek? Whether the view-limiting device you use makes you look like a welder, a scuba diver, or a student in a college chem lab, remember that you are preparing for the time when you can't just peel off the gizmo and squint at splendid scenery. How do you know if your view-limiting device is doing what it's supposed to do? One clue is if you look outside at the end of the approach and are surprised at what you see. If the runway isn't where you thought it would be, the hood is working. Read more >>


Flight Instructor Refresher Clinics

Air Safety Institute Safety Seminars

Feb. 11 and 12

Melbourne, Fla.

Louisville, Ky.

New Orleans, La.

Las Vegas, Nev.

Fairfax, Va.

Feb. 18 and 19

Fort Worth, Texas


Feb. 24 and 25

Puyallup, Wash.

Feb. 25 and 26

Sacramento, Calif.

Nashua, N.H.

Oklahoma City, Okla.


For a complete schedule, see AOPA Online.

Can’t make it in person? Sign up for the CFI Refresher Online.

Feb. 13

North Las Vegas, Nev.

Feb. 15

Northglenn, Colo.





Feb. 16

Colorado Springs, Colo.


Feb. 20

Ocala, Fla.

Eugene, Ore.



Topics vary—for details and a complete schedule, see AOPA Online.

AOPA ePilot Team

ePilot Flight Training Editor:
Jill W. Tallman

ePilot Editor:
Sarah Brown

Contributors: Alyssa Miller
Jim Moore
Warren Morningstar
Alton K. Marsh

Dave Hirschman
Tom Horne
Ian J. Twombly
Dan Namowitz

Production Team: Melissa Whitehouse
Siobhan Byrne
Lezlie Ramsey
William Rockenbaugh
Mitch Mitchell

Advertise in ePilot:
East: Mike Vodarsik, 732/946-0130
Central: Brian Curpier, 607/547-2591
Central: Gary Brennan, 607/547-2591
West: Zane Lewis, 214/789-6094

AOPA Advertising website

Member Tools: Send feedback | ePilot Archive

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Topics: AOPA, Flight School, Aviation Industry

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