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June 01, 2012, issue of 'AOPA' ePilot: Flight Training Edition'June 01, 2012, issue of 'AOPA' ePilot: Flight Training Edition'

AOPA ePilot

In This Issue:

VOLUME 12, ISSUE 22 — June 1, 2012

Cool in the climb
Embry-Riddle takes NIFA SAFECON
Plane Spotter: Piper Saratoga
Final Exam: GPS and ADF


Safety >>

Picture Perfect

Picture Perfect >>


AOPA Live >>

Training Tips

Cool in the climb

Training TipYou are airborne, cleared on course and climbing to cruise altitude. You flight-planned a higher cruise than usual today because of the jagged terrain that lies between here and your destination.

After climbing initially at best rate to a safe altitude, you jotted down your takeoff time, and calculated an estimated time and distance to level off. Now all that remains is to maintain your on-course heading, keep tabs on the altimeter, and watch for that first checkpoint to appear.

Well, there is more to it than that. That long climb requires a lot of attention, both for collision avoidance and to keep your aircraft’s engine from overheating.

As you climb, lower the nose at regular intervals for better forward visibility. Check to the sides as well. Raise each wing momentarily and give the area a thorough scanning.

Lowering the nose has the added benefit of increasing air flow through the engine cowling, which should help control the temperature of an air-cooled aircraft engine. If it is a hot day, keep a close check on engine oil temperature (or cylinder-head temperature if so equipped) during the climb—especially if extended engine operation on the ground preceded your takeoff.

If engine temperature is abnormally high, try a higher climb airspeed. Remember that an excessively lean fuel-air mixture can raise engine temperatures beyond recommended limits.

Monitor outside temperatures at altitude on your outside air temperature gauge, and expect reduced climb performance as altitude increases. At 20 degrees Celsius and 8,000 feet, a 1978 Cessna 172N at gross weight produces a 335-foot-per-minute climb rate, compared to a 650-fpm climb rate at 20 degrees Celsius and 2,000 feet, according to the pilot’s operating handbook.

The aircraft’s POH recommends climbing at speeds five to 10 knots higher than best rate of climb speeds “for the best combination of performance, visibility, and engine cooling.”

What does your aircraft's POH recommend? It may also have specific advice about leaning, including a recommended altitude for beginning that process (3,000 feet for the Cessna 172N).

The busy time immediately after takeoff can be hectic as you depart the local airport area and establish your flight on course. Make sure to include engine management and collision avoidance on your list of piloting tasks for this critical phase.

Flight Training News

Embry-Riddle takes national Safecon championship

Embry-Riddle Aeronautical University's Prescott, Ariz., campus won the National Intercollegiate Flying Association's 2012 Safety and Flight Evaluation Conference (Safecon), held May 14 to 19 at Kansas State University. Teams participate in flying contests, and colleges earn points toward the top award for each student who places in an event. The University of North Dakota came in second, and Southern Illinois University was third. In fourth place was Western Michigan University, and in fifth was The Ohio State University. A complete list of rankings can be found on the NIFA website.

Boeing chief test pilot calls for training overhaul

With both the commercial and general aviation communities facing a pilot shortage, it’s imperative that the industry overhaul its training efforts, according to Boeing’s test and evaluation chief pilot for new airplane development. Mike Carriker says training needs to catch up with advances in aircraft and technology. Read more >>

Air Force kicks oldest GA club off base

More than a half-century after its formation, the flying club at Wright-Patterson Air Force Base in Dayton, Ohio, is packing up for departure. The club, which has approximately 300 members, will continue as a purely general aviation group at nearby Greene County-Lewis A. Jackson Regional Airport. Read more >>

Are you paying attention to density altitude?

As summer approaches and the days become hotter, density altitude should become a higher priority in your preflight planning. But what exactly does density altitude mean, and why should you pay attention to it? It can't be seen, heard, or felt, but it can be measured and it will affect your flights. Check just how well you grasp the concept of this invisible killer with the Air Safety Institute’s Density Altitude safety quiz, underwritten by the AOPA Insurance Agency. Take the quiz >>

Mind your heading and attitude system

Your flight instructor may have explained the aircraft pneumatic system, but do you recall how it works? Here's a quick refresher with the Air Safety Institute’s Pneumatic Systems online course. It explains the nuts and bolts of the pump, has animated operations schematics, and provides a real demonstration of how your situational awareness can be affected if the system fails in reduced-visibility flight (night VFR or IMC) without electrical backup.

Training Resources

Join the active student pilot community at the Flight Training Facebook page, where you can share photos, discuss your training issues, and much more. Click “Like” today!


Did you know that student pilots who join AOPA are three times more likely to complete their flight training? Membership includes unlimited access to aviation information by phone (800/USA-AOPA, weekdays from 8:30 a.m. to 6 p.m. Eastern time) or from Flight Training Online or AOPA Online. If you’re not already a member, join today and get the pilot’s edge. Login information is available online.


Rod Machado

Rod Machado at 2011 AOPA Aviation Summit Most likely you’ve read Rod Machado’s wit and wisdom in the pages of Flight Training and AOPA Pilot magazines, or purchased one of his textbooks. Perhaps you’ve had a chance to catch him live at AOPA Aviation Summit or EAA AirVenture. But do you know how this longtime aviation funnyman got his start as a flight instructor? AOPA Editor in Chief Tom Haines sat down with Machado at the 2011 AOPA Aviation Summit. You’ll learn what he has in common with aerobatic star Sean D. Tucker, and find out which aircraft he recently acquired. Watch AOPA Live® >>

Career Pilot

Airlines’ seating fees may be scrutinized

Sen. Charles Schumer (D-N.Y.) said he’ll ask the Department of Transportation to issue rules preventing airlines from charging higher fees for families with young children when purchasing seats together. Some airlines have increased the percentage of seats set aside for customers willing to pay extra. Fees vary for seats on the aisle or next to windows. Families who want to purchase seats together would typically end up paying the fees. Schumer said he would also call on industry trade group Airlines for America (A4A) to ask carriers to waive the fee for families, according to The Christian Science Monitor.

Trade group forecasts record summer international travel

Airlines for America (A4A), an industry trade association for U.S. airlines, said May 9 that passengers can expect full flights this summer, thanks in part to a record number of people traveling internationally and an improving economy. “Customers are benefiting from record airline operational performance and greater access to the global economy while fares continue to trail the price of other services,” said A4A President and CEO Nicholas E. Calio. The organization predicted that from June through August, U.S. airlines will carry an average of 2.24 million travelers globally every day, with total passenger volumes remaining 5 percent below the summer 2007 all-time high of 217.6 million.

Plane Spotter

Piper Saratoga: Sleek single

Piper Saratoga That low-wing single at the end of the tiedown row is undoubtedly a Piper. But it seems a bit lengthy (by four feet) to be a PA-28 variant. And there's no way seven people and their bags would fit in a Cherokee. Good work, plane spotter! Now get closer and figure out whether this aircraft, designated a PA-32, is an elderly Cherokee Six, a retractable Lance, or a seriously sleek Saratoga. Don’t let fixed gear throw you off: The 300-horsepower Saratoga entered service with fixed or optional retractable landing gear.

Training Products

Interactive Practical Test Standards

As you read this, the FAA has released a new version of the Private Pilot Practical Test Standards, effective June 1. The new version includes a new task, the emergency descent. If you haven't yet seen the new PTS, Gold Seal has you covered. The company has put together an interactive PTS that it is making available free of charge. The Flash-based PTS can be viewed on any computer with an Internet connection, and can be downloaded and viewed on an iPad with the use of the free Articulate Mobile Player app.


Note: Products listed have not been evaluated by ePilot editors unless otherwise noted. AOPA assumes no responsibility for products or services listed or for claims or actions by manufacturers or vendors.

Member Benefits

Honesty the best policy for medical application

The FAA takes alcohol- and drug-related offenses seriously—and failing to report an arrest, conviction, or administrative action involving a motor vehicle while under the influence on one’s next FAA medical examination will only compound the problem. Dr. Warren Silberman, former manager of FAA Aerospace Medical Certification, offers advice for pilots suspected of one of these offenses as part of AOPA’s Pilot Protection Services program. Read more >>


Losing an engine in cruise

When you hear on the news that a commercial flight lost an engine in cruise, it may sound a little dramatic. Professional pilot Chip Wright says in real life such events are much more methodical. Also in the Flight Training blog, Technical Editor Jill W. Tallman says the weather and your schedule may be in sync, but a mechanical issue could put a stop to your flying plans in a hurry.

An (extra)ordinary day

AOPA’s Kristen Seaman writes about aviation frequently for her job as communications coordinator. In this installment of the Let’s Go Flying blog, she gets to write about her own flying—specifically, her first solo.

AOPA Career Opportunities

Ever dream of turning your passion for aviation into a career? We’re looking for a vice president of information systems; registration, housing, and meeting planner; aviation technical writer; member services representative; project manager of online products; and associate editor–Web/ ePilot. To learn more about other AOPA career opportunities, visit AOPA Online.


Picture Perfect

AOPA’s online photo gallery allows you to upload your own aviation photography as well as view, rate, and comment on others’ photos. Your favorite aviation images from AOPA Pilot are still available online through this new gallery. Take a look, and submit your own photos!

Picture Perfect

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Want something to do this weekend? Planning an aviation getaway? See your personalized online calendar of events . We’ve enhanced our calendar so that with one click you can see all of the events listed in the regions you selected when personalizing ePilot . Now you can browse events in your region to make planning easier. You can also bookmark the personalized calendar page to check it as often as you want. Before you take off on an adventure, make sure you check our current aviation weather provided by Jeppesen.

To include an event or to search all events in the calendar, visit AOPA Online. For airport details, including FBO fuel prices, see AOPA Airports.

Final Exam

Question: Can I use a GPS receiver in lieu of automatic direction finder (ADF)?


Answer: Yes, for certain operations. The Aeronautical Information Manual (AIM) Chapter 1-2-3 paragraph (c) lists the various procedures for which you can substitute an appropriate RNAV (area navigation) system. Some of the most common uses are determining an aircraft’s position relative to a VHF omnidirectional radio range navaid (VOR), nondirectional beacon (NDB), or compass locator. You can also navigate to or from or hold over a VOR, tactical air navigation aid (TACAN), NDB, or compass locator, as well as fly an arc based on distance measuring equipment (DME). For all of the uses as well as additional notes, see the AIM.

Got a question for our technical services staff? Email [email protected] or call the Pilot Information Center, 800/872-2672. Don’t forget the online archive of “Final Exam” questions and answers, searchable by keyword or topic.

Instrument Tip

IFR Fix: The Casanova overshoot

IFR Fix: The Casanova overshoot Of all the ways an IFR flight can get off to a rocky start, hearing air traffic control ask where you think you’re going must be one of the most painful. More so if the question comes as you fly a published departure under a low shelf of Class B airspace. Now throw in lack of recent experience and unfamiliar nav gear. In no time, the workload may overwhelm rusty skills. ATC’s question was innocent, but it created one of those realistic distractions pilots train to avoid. Read more >>

Flight Instructor Refresher Clinics

Air Safety Institute Safety Seminars

June 2 and 3

Phoenix, Ariz.

Orlando, Fla.

Minneapolis, Minn.

June 9 and 10

San Jose, Calif.

Charlotte, N.C.

June 23 and 24

Columbus, Ohio

Ashburn, Va.

July 14 and 15

Jacksonville, Fla.

Memphis, Tenn.


For a complete schedule, see AOPA Online.

Can’t make it in person? Sign up for the CFI Refresher Online.

July 25

Oshkosh, Wis.



July 26

Oshkosh, Wis.





Topics vary—for details and a complete schedule, see AOPA Online.

AOPA ePilot Team

ePilot Flight Training Editor:
Jill W. Tallman

ePilot Editor:
Sarah Brown

Contributors: Alyssa Miller
Jim Moore
Warren Morningstar
Alton K. Marsh

Dave Hirschman
Tom Horne
Ian J. Twombly
Dan Namowitz

Production Team: Melissa Whitehouse
Siobhan Byrne
Lezlie Ramsey
William Rockenbaugh
Mitch Mitchell

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Topics: Flight Training, Pilot Training and Certification, AOPA

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