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June 29, 2012, issue of 'AOPA' ePilot: Flight Training Edition'June 29, 2012, issue of 'AOPA' ePilot: Flight Training Edition'

AOPA ePilot

In This Issue:

VOLUME 12, ISSUE 26 — June 29, 2012

Training Tips

High dew point, hidden hazard

Training TipWhile much of the country baked in a recent heat wave, temperatures soared to near-record levels in places where truly hot conditions may be experienced only a few days a year.


In one such place, this seemingly benign weather observation was registered later in the day that the heat had peaked: 201453Z 36008KT 10SM FEW100 28/21 A2991 RMK AO2 SLP125 6//// T02830211 56010.


With light winds from the north, good visibility, and only a few clouds at 10,000 feet, what was not to like about the conditions?


The temperature (in the low 80s, converted from 28 degrees Celsius) was high but no longer extreme. The single note of caution for alert pilots lay to the right of the slash (/) in the 28/21 temperature and dew-point values given in the observation.


“A high dew point is bad news, usually,” said AOPA Pilot Editor at Large Thomas A. Horne. “A high dew point equals more moisture in the air. More moisture equals more potential warming of the atmosphere, and therefore, instability.”


And atmospheric instability is closely associated with the potential for thunderstorms.


“Once thermals, fronts, and other lifting forces go to work on air masses with high dew points, towering cumulus or cumulonimbus clouds can soon follow,” Horne wrote in the AOPA Pilot article “Wx Watch: Dew Point Review.” “Cooling takes place as moisture-laden air is lifted higher and higher in unstable air masses. Most severe thunderstorms (those with 50-plus-knot surface winds, three-quarter-inch hail, or tornadoes) happen in air masses with dew points above 70 degrees F (21 degrees C).” The Air Safety Institute’s WeatherWise: Air Masses and Fronts online course further explores the role of dew point in weather development.


High dew points may also be a harbinger of imminent frontal passage, as southerly flows pump moisture-laden air into the area, he said.


But not always. A high dew point may not be a match for extremely high temperatures. On a day when the temperature and dew point at AOPA headquarters in Frederick, Md., stood at 37/21 Celsius, Horne was not expecting convective activity.


“There isn’t enough moisture to make a TRW because the high temps have dried the air,” he said.


Horne reminded pilots of another cause for caution on days when the number to the right of the slash is high: The potential for carburetor icing increases because there is more moisture that could freeze in the venturi of an aircraft engine’s carburetor.

Flight Training News

Phoenix East turns to iPad use in training

Phoenix East Aviation in Daytona Beach, Fla., has begun using Apple iPads in cockpit and classroom training. The tablets are used for charts, flight planning, and selected textbook training to augment ground school, and have been integrated into both the FAR Part 141 and Part 61 programs. Airlines including United, Alaska, and Delta have started using iPads in the cockpit, according to Phoenix East CEO Ghassan Reslan. “Phoenix East Aviation students will now find this aspect of the transition from training to commercial aviation employment straightforward and uncomplicated,” he said.

July Facebook Chat to focus on ATC

Are you nervous about communicating with air traffic controllers? Uncertain about your phraseology? Come learn all about ATC on July 10 for Flight Training’s monthly live Facebook chat. Our guest chatter is AOPA Aviation Technical Specialist Aaron Pifer, who was an air traffic controller in training. Join us at 3 p.m. Eastern time and bring your questions; click here to view previous chat transcripts or set up an email reminder.

K-State Salina students get Cirrus time

Four aviation students at Kansas State University-Salina received cockpit time and instruction in a Cirrus SR22. The Connor Burton Aviation Foundation provided access to the aircraft and instructor. The foundation has subsidized student flying time, attendance at flying competitions and air races, a speaker series, and other activities since 2008, with the goal of upgrading their experience and improving their pilot capabilities.

Do you have the big weather picture?

Using datalink to navigate weather can be extremely helpful as long as you proceed with caution and understand its limitations. The NTSB recently warned pilots that in-cockpit weather displays may represent conditions up to 15 or 20 minutes older than the age indicates, a situation that could have deadly consequences in severe weather situations. How do you learn to put datalink weather in context with the big picture? Come to sound weather conclusions with the Air Safety Institute’s IFR Insights: Cockpit Weather as you fly simulated trips spanning weather and seasons across the U.S. The course is sponsored by Aircraft Spruce and Specialty Co. and qualifies for AOPA Accident Forgiveness and the FAA Wings program. Take the course >>

Tailwheels Etc. moves to Lakeland

Tailwheels Etc., a Florida flight school featured in Flight Training for its successful training practices, has moved from Winter Haven’s Gilbert Airport to Lakeland Linder Regional Airport. The move came after the school’s lease came up for renewal and it could not come to terms with the city, according to the Winter Haven Tailwheels joins a new flight school, Bernoulli Flight Academy, at Lakeland.

Resuming the journey: Short- and soft-field takeoffs

She’s now comfortable in the cockpit, but AOPA staff member Kathy Dondzila had to refamiliarize herself with short- and soft-field operations so that she’d be prepared for what she is likely to encounter in Alaska. A 1,700-foot grass runway is in her future. Read more >>

Training Resources

Perhaps nontowered airports are new to your experience; what to do there is as mysterious to you as towered airports are to other trainees. Download the Operations at Nontowered Airports Safety Advisor before heading out. Clearly, there is a lot more to using new runways than just knowing lengths, surfaces, and direction.


Did you know that student pilots who join AOPA are three times more likely to complete their flight training? Membership includes unlimited access to aviation information by phone (800/USA-AOPA, weekdays from 8:30 a.m. to 6 p.m. Eastern time) or from Flight Training Online or AOPA Online. If you’re not already a member, join today and get the pilot’s edge. Login information is available online.


Learn thunderstorm danger, avoidance in webcast

Watch the Storm Week recorded webcast on AOPA Live Did you miss the live webcast during the Air Safety Institute’s Storm Week? That’s OK, because the recorded webcast is ready for you to view. While student pilots and VFR pilots are taught to stay well clear of thunderstorms, it’s important to understand why. And if you’re an instrument-rated pilot, you need to know what to do to keep yourself safe as you navigate in areas where convective activity may be forming. Understand the nature of a system, what's going on, and how ATC can help in this webcast.

Career Pilot

SkyWest Airlines celebrates 40 years

Starting in 1972 with a few six-seat aircraft, SkyWest Airlines recently celebrated its fortieth anniversary and is now one of the largest independent commuter airlines in the world. SkyWest has 315 aircraft and more than 10,000 employees, according to a report in USA Today. CEO and Chairman Jerry Atkin said the company flew just 256 passengers in its first year. In 2011, it carried 24.5 million. SkyWest is based in St. George, Utah.

Hawaiian Airlines adds nonstop flights to Brisbane

Hawaiian Airlines announced on June 19 that it will begin nonstop service to Brisbane, Australia, on Nov. 27. The company says it is the only U.S. carrier to operate flights to Brisbane. Flights will be operated with Boeing 767-300ER aircraft. Hawaiian has offered daily service to Sydney since 2004.

Plane Spotter

Cessna Cutlass: Commonly complex

Cessna 172 Cutlass RG Another day, another Cessna 172 is rolling down the runway for takeoff. Still you watch, transfixed as always, while it becomes airborne. But, what’s this? Before your plane-spotting eyes, the landing gear retracts! Inside that cockpit, the unseen pilot is adjusting a control to set a constant-speed prop to 2,500 rpm for the climb, because this airplane is a Cessna 172 Cutlass RG, a 180-horsepower airplane based on the fixed-gear, fixed-pitch-propeller Skyhawk built from 1980 to 1985, and commonly used as a complex trainer for pilots aiming for an upgrade.

Training Products

iPad briefcase from Sporty’s

Sporty’s has introduced a briefcase designed to work as a flight bag for your iPad. The iPad briefcase includes internal and external pockets for holding accessories such as a charging cable, cleaning cloth, backup battery, or stylus. It can be carried via two handles or a detachable shoulder strap. The bag measures 12 inches by 9 inches by 2 inches. It sells for $39.95. Order online or call 800/776-7897.


Note: Products listed have not been evaluated by ePilot editors unless otherwise noted. AOPA assumes no responsibility for products or services listed or for claims or actions by manufacturers or vendors.

Member Benefits

Medical application: What if I forget something?

A pilot has had many doctor visits since his last FAA medical in 2004, none involving major medical conditions. Does he need to list every medical visit since 2004, or is there a “statute of limitations”? What if he forgets one and fails to list it? Kathy Yodice, an aviation attorney for AOPA’s Pilot Protection Services, explains why two questions on the form merit special attention. Read more >>


Catching up with … True Course Flight School

Eighteen months ago, Jeff Vandeyacht bought a flight school to keep it from closing down. How's he doing? Technical Editor Jill Tallman checks in with the owner of True Course Flight School in the Flight Training blog.

Target: Upper Midwest

Ever hear of a mesoscale convective complex? If you live in the upper Midwest, it's likely you had one parked over you recently. AOPA Pilot Editor at Large Thomas A. Horne discusses these fascinating but deadly summer weather patterns in a series of Reporting Points blogs. Learn what they are, how they can change, and how long they can hang around.

AOPA Career Opportunities

Ever dream of turning your passion for aviation into a career? We’re looking for a Web graphic designer, aviation technical writer, member services representative, and enewsletter and social media editor. To learn more about other AOPA career opportunities, visit AOPA Online.


Picture Perfect

AOPA’s online photo gallery allows you to upload your own aviation photography as well as view, rate, and comment on others’ photos. Your favorite aviation images from AOPA Pilot are still available online through this new gallery. Take a look, and submit your own photos!

Facebook Become a fan

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Picture Perfect


Want something to do this weekend? Planning an aviation getaway? See your personalized online calendar of events . We’ve enhanced our calendar so that with one click you can see all of the events listed in the regions you selected when personalizing ePilot . Now you can browse events in your region to make planning easier. You can also bookmark the personalized calendar page to check it as often as you want. Before you take off on an adventure, make sure you check our current aviation weather provided by Jeppesen.

To include an event or to search all events in the calendar, visit AOPA Online. For airport details, including FBO fuel prices, see AOPA Airports.

Final Exam

Question: Why are pilots encouraged to use supplemental oxygen above 10,000 feet msl during the day, and 5,000 feet msl at night?


Answer: The major concern is hypoxia and its effect on night vision. Hypoxia is a deficiency of oxygen in the body. Some common symptoms of hypoxia include drowsiness, headache, impaired judgment, dizziness, reduced peripheral vision, tingling in fingers and toes, and a feeling of euphoria. Hypoxia also impairs night vision. Because the rods in the eye, which give us night vision, require sufficient oxygen, a lack of oxygen causes visual impairment. For more information on hypoxia and other aeromedical factors, see Section 8-1-2 of the Aeronautical Information Manual (AIM) as well as AOPA’s subject report about high-altitude flying and the effects of hypoxia. Also, read how hypoxia doomed a Piper Arrow in this Air Safety Institute Safety Spotlight.


Got a question for our technical services staff? Email [email protected] or call the Pilot Information Center, 800/872-2672. Don’t forget the online archive of “Final Exam” questions and answers, searchable by keyword or topic.

Instrument Tip

IFR Fix: What’s ‘visual’?

IFR Fix: What's 'visual'? An aircraft is on the ground after a flight to a nontowered airport. The pilot is on the radio, attempting to cancel the IFR flight plan. The glitch: The transmission is going out on the common traffic advisory frequency. ATC doesn’t hear it. Up in the stuff, another aircraft requires an ILS approach to the same airport. All it takes is a cross-channeled radio to blockade the airspace and breed bedlam. On any IFR flight in moderate weather, pilots face the decision: Cancel aloft, possibly speeding up the arrival, or remain on the IFR flight plan to touchdown. Read more and take a poll >>

IFR routes: Filing and flying may not match

Learning to fly means, in part, adapting to ever-changing circumstances. Pilots need to monitor weather, airplane performance, and their route for small changes that could lead to big problems if not addressed, and there is no room for complacency. This is especially true in the IFR world where a pilot may not be cleared for the route they planned on getting. Listen to this episode of the Air Safety Institute’s Ask ATC as a tower controller discusses the awareness pilots need to have when filing and flying an IFR route. Watch AOPA Live® >>

Flight Instructor Refresher Clinics

Air Safety Institute Safety Seminars

July 14 and 15

Jacksonville, Fla.

Memphis, Tenn.

July 21 and 22

Pittsburgh, Pa.

July 28 and 29

Newark, N.J.

August 4 and 5

Atlanta, Ga.

Reno, Nev.


For a complete schedule, see AOPA Online.

Can’t make it in person? Sign up for the CFI Refresher Online.

July 25

Oshkosh, Wis.


July 26

Oshkosh, Wis.






Topics vary—for details and a complete schedule, see AOPA Online.

AOPA ePilot Team

ePilot Flight Training Editor:
Jill W. Tallman

ePilot Editor:
Sarah Brown

Alyssa Miller
Jim Moore
Warren Morningstar
Alton K. Marsh

Dave Hirschman
Tom Horne
Ian J. Twombly
Dan Namowitz

Production Team:
Melissa Whitehouse
Siobhan Byrne
Lezlie Ramsey
William Rockenbaugh
Mitch Mitchell

Advertise in ePilot:
East: Mike Vodarsik, 732/946-0130
Central: Brian Curpier, 607/547-2591
Central: Gary Brennan, 607/547-2591
West: Zane Lewis, 214/789-6094

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