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Mar. 30, 2012, issue of 'AOPA' ePilot: Flight Training Edition'Mar. 30, 2012, issue of 'AOPA' ePilot: Flight Training Edition'

AOPA ePilot

In This Issue:

VOLUME 12, ISSUE 13 — March 30, 2012

The other ‘frequencies’
FAA eases special issuance burden
Plane Spotter: Cherokees and Warriors
Final Exam: Current charts


Safety >>

Picture Perfect

Picture Perfect >>


AOPA Live >>

Training Tips

The other ‘frequencies’

Training TipAway from the hustle and bustle of busy airports and airspace designated by one of the second through fourth letters of the alphabet, general aviation leads a more secluded—but equally active—life.

Be sure to explore this corner of the aviation universe. Perhaps a session practicing landings and takeoffs from short or unpaved strips, or a cross-country flight will take you there.

Whether you are a visitor to this realm or a based aviator, knowing the rules and etiquette promotes safety and rounds out your knowledge of aviation’s diverse community. Not every aircraft you spot in the pattern here is capable of making radio position reports. Knowing that no-radio aircraft are present should remind you that “seeing” is the true key to see-and-avoid flying.

Checking your sectional chart, or an airport listing, for information about the no-tower, no-unicom airport that is today’s cross-country destination, you note that it is assigned the common traffic advisory frequency 122.9 MHz, as prescribed in Section 4-1-11 of the Aeronautical Information Manual.

Make all the usual position reports. It would be wrong to assume, as some pilots do, that such a place cannot become extremely active (especially on a beautiful day in early spring).

A related safety tip: Unfortunately, there are still some pilots out there who erroneously make their traffic calls at so-called unattended airports on several of the most familiar of the seven frequencies assigned to airports without an operating control tower (typically, 122.8 MHz)—so it might be a good idea to monitor (but not transmit on) that channel too.

Another precaution: Be aware that pilots of local private fixed-wing aircraft that are not coming or going from the airport may be transmitting back and forth on the prescribed air-to-air frequency: 122.75 MHz. (There is also an air-to-air frequency for general aviation helicopters. Would you be able to provide it, if your communications knowledge were probed by a designated examiner on a checkride?)

It’s tempting to think of remote or unattended airports as small or unimproved—but that’s not always the case. The unattended airport in Espanola, N.M., has a paved 5,007-foot-long runway, but at a field elevation of 5,790 feet msl, that may not seem especially lengthy when you calculate aircraft performance to be expected under high-density-altitude conditions.

Flight Training News

FAA eases special issuance burden

Starting July 20, pilots who have a medical certificate with a special issuance authorization will no longer need to carry the separate authorization letter with them in the aircraft. It’s a small change in the regulations, but it’s designed to ease the document-carrying requirement for the 28,000 pilots who already endure the extra burden and expense of obtaining a special issuance. Read more >>

New Real Pilot Story: Trapped on top

We often think of emergencies as one-at-a-time events, but as pilot Jim Lawson discovered, bad things sometimes come in pairs. Imagine yourself as a noncurrent instrument pilot dealing with an unexpected descent through clouds—then add fuel-exhaustion-induced engine failure. How would you cope? Who would you look to for help? Listen in as a team of ATC specialists mounts an effort to get the overwhelmed pilot on the ground safely in the latest installment of the Air Safety Institute’s Real Pilot Stories series, produced with the generous support of the National Air Traffic Controllers Association and underwritten by the AOPA Insurance Agency.

FAA: Digital chart fee plan still in development

The FAA says it won’t begin imposing fees on third-party digital chart providers next week, as had originally been contemplated. The agency said March 23 it is still verifying costs and pricing, and there is no definite timetable to implement a new fee structure. Read more >>

Ariz. flight school sponsors global flight

Guidance Aviation of Prescott, Ariz., has donated a Cirrus SR20 that will be flown around the world in 2013 to promote education, aviation, and aerospace. Judy Rice will fly the aircraft for the mission. She plans to interact with children ages 4 through 16 via “student command centers.” Participants will be able to track her progress via the Internet, streaming audio, video, podcasts, and other Web-based media. The Cirrus is on display this week at the Sun ’n Fun Fly-In at Lakeland, Fla. Read more >>

Nominations open for A. Scott Crossfield Award

Do you know a dedicated teacher whose passion and commitment is noteworthy? Nominations are now open for the A. Scott Crossfield Aerospace Education Teacher of the Year, sponsored by the National Aviation Hall of Fame. The 2012 recipient will receive a $1,500 cash stipend, and will be a guest at the NAHF’s fiftieth annual enshrinement ceremony on Oct. 6. See the website for details.

Training Resources

Learning the intricacies of today's airspace is a big task and a necessary one for every pilot. Let the Air Safety Institute help with the Know Before You Go: Navigating Today’s Airspace online course. In one place, you’ll find everything you need to know about the various types of airspace, communication requirements, weather minimums, and more. And for those times when you don’t have access to a computer, download the Airspace Flashcards as a quiz tool for yourself or fellow students. Don’t take to the skies without knowing what you’re launching into.


Did you know that student pilots who join AOPA are three times more likely to complete their flight training? Membership includes unlimited access to aviation information by phone (800/USA-AOPA, weekdays from 8:30 a.m. to 6 p.m. Eastern time) or from Flight Training Online or AOPA Online. If you're not already a member, join today and get the pilot’s edge. Login information is available online.


Making decisions

Making decisions If the decision to “go” or stay on the ground were the only one you had to make when flying, life would be a lot simpler. But that’s just the tip of the iceberg when it comes to figuring out whether the weather will cooperate, your airplane is in tip-top shape, and you yourself are up to the challenge of flying safely. This video, which originally accompanied the November 2011 Flight Training article “When the plan goes out the window,” discusses some of the many factors that go into decision making, and how you can hone your decision-making skills. Watch AOPA Live® >>

Career Pilot

Airline trade organization seeks tax, regulatory reform

Airlines for America (A4A), an industry trade organization for U.S. airlines, on March 19 asked the U.S. government to reform federal taxes and regulations to enable U.S. carriers to compete globally on a level playing field, and to help grow the country’s economy. A4A President and CEO Nicholas E. Calio detailed the excessive tax and regulatory burden faced by the airline industry and its passengers, saying it is one of the most highly regulated businesses in America—even though Congress deregulated the industry nearly 35 years ago.

US Airways employees to share $12 million in profits

US Airways announced March 14 that, for the second year in a row, employees will receive profit-sharing checks recognizing their contribution to the company's full-year profit. US Airways reported a $111 million profit for 2011, and will pay out more than $12 million to eligible employees. Airline employees also earned more than $13 million in operational incentive bonuses over the past year, bringing the total in recognition payouts for US Airways employees to more than $25 million for 2011.

Plane Spotter

Cherokees and Warriors: Two of a kind

Piper Warrior Two Piper PA-28 aircraft are parked side by side on the ramp. No, this is not the beginning of a joke about low-wing airplanes. Rather, it is a guide to clues how a keen-eyed airplane spotter can tell the difference between an aircraft of the original Piper Cherokee line and a Piper Cherokee Warrior or Warrior II. The secret: Look at the Piper’s wings. The earlier Cherokee airplanes had a constant-chord wing sometimes compared to a familiar brand of chocolate bar. Warriors, since 1974, have double-tapered wings of two-foot-wider wingspan.

Training Products

Nflightcam cockpit video cameras from Sporty’s

You can’t be a fly on the wall of your own airplane, but you can view in-cockpit video footage and listen to yourself on the radio after a flight, thanks to the wave of small HD video cameras on the market. Sporty’s offers the Nflightcam Sport and Plus models. Both feature one-button operation and record full 1080p HD video. Both include software that let the user edit and share videos using Mac or Windows. The Sport sells for $299. The Plus features a lens that eliminates propeller blur and a built-in GPS that logs your position as it records, among other features. The Plus sells for $499. Order online or call 800/776-7897.


Note: Products listed have not been evaluated by ePilot editors unless otherwise noted. AOPA assumes no responsibility for products or services listed or for claims or actions by manufacturers or vendors.

Member Benefits

Breathe in, breathe out

You may think you function perfectly well at 10,000 feet msl, but chances are your blood oxygen levels say otherwise. Dr. Jonathan Sackier tells you why this matters, and how to remedy it. Read more >>

Insider tips for completing aircraft registrations

When it comes to filling out an aircraft registration form that goes to the FAA, there's one surprising rule: "Neatness counts." Learn more ways to get your application processed as quickly as possible from AIC Title. Read more >>


The best instrument there is

In this week’s Flight Training blog, Chip Wright talks about the most important instrument in the aircraft (it’s not the GPS!) and also how different airlines do the same things … differently. Also, Technical Editor Jill W. Tallman wishes the Piper Cub a happy seventy-fifth birthday.

Let’s keep making GA memories

Todd McClamroch reflects on the impending closing of Blue Ash Airport, where he soloed and earned his private pilot certificate, in the latest installment of the Let’s Go Flying blog.

AOPA Career Opportunities

Ever dream of turning your passion for aviation into a career? We’re looking for a vice president of strategy and philanthropic operations, director of accounting, program manager—products, project manager of online products, manager of regulatory affairs, director of new market development, associate project manager, aviation education program developer, and associate editor–Web/ ePilot. To learn more about other AOPA career opportunities, visit AOPA Online.


Picture Perfect

AOPA’s online photo gallery allows you to upload your own aviation photography as well as view, rate, and comment on others’ photos. Your favorite aviation images from AOPA Pilot are still available online through this new gallery. Take a look, and submit your own photos!

Picture Perfect

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Want something to do this weekend? Planning an aviation getaway? See your personalized online calendar of events . We’ve enhanced our calendar so that with one click you can see all of the events listed in the regions you selected when personalizing ePilot . Now you can browse events in your region to make planning easier. You can also bookmark the personalized calendar page to check it as often as you want. Before you take off on an adventure, make sure you check our current aviation weather provided by Jeppesen.

To include an event or to search all events in the calendar, visit AOPA Online. For airport details, including FBO fuel prices, see AOPA Airports.

Final Exam

Question: I know I should fly with the most current charts, whether paper or electronic, and I do, but does the information on sectional or terminal area charts really change much over a year or so?


Answer: The short answer is a resounding yes. The FAA's aeronautical charting office, Aeronautical Navigation Products (AeroNav Products), updates terminal area charts and sectional charts every six months. On average, approximately 100 changes are incorporated into each terminal area chart update and 278 in each sectional chart update. Changes include both aeronautical and topographical information. Obviously, since information changes so often, it is in a pilot's best interest to have the most current chart available.


Got a question for our technical services staff? Email [email protected] or call the Pilot Information Center, 800/872-2672. Don’t forget the online archive of “Final Exam” questions and answers, searchable by keyword or topic.

Instrument Tip

IFR Fix: The instrument takeoff

IFR Fix: The instrument takeoff Routine instrument refresher flights usually start like this. Taxi out, run up, take off under visual flight rules. In the climb, the CFII takes control briefly while you don your view-limiting headgear and bid farewell to sunlight. Not today. The mask already has you in its grasp, and you’re not even airborne. Today is your introduction to the instrument takeoff (ITO). Haven’t done one? Suggestion: Find a nice long, wide runway, and get your present or former CFII to put you through the paces of an ITO. Read more >>

Flight Instructor Refresher Clinics

Air Safety Institute Safety Seminars

April 14 and 15

Denver, Colo.

Tampa, Fla.

Atlanta, Ga.

Cincinnati, Ohio

Salt Lake City, Utah

April 21 and 22

San Diego, Calif.

Indianapolis, Ind.

Ashburn, Va.


April 28 and 29

Boston, Mass.

May 5 and 6

Pensacola, Fla.

Kansas City, Mo.

Houston, Texas


For a complete schedule, see AOPA Online.

Can’t make it in person? Sign up for the CFI Refresher Online.

April 9

Madisonville, Ky.




April 10

Milan, Ill.

Morehead, Ky.

Chesterfield, Mo.



April 11

Springfield, Mo.



April 12

Warrensburg, Mo.


Topics vary—for details and a complete schedule, see AOPA Online.

AOPA ePilot Team

ePilot Flight Training Editor:
Jill W. Tallman

ePilot Editor:
Sarah Brown

Contributors: Alyssa Miller
Jim Moore
Warren Morningstar
Alton K. Marsh

Dave Hirschman
Tom Horne
Ian J. Twombly
Dan Namowitz

Production Team: Melissa Whitehouse
Siobhan Byrne
Lezlie Ramsey
William Rockenbaugh
Mitch Mitchell

Advertise in ePilot:
East: Mike Vodarsik, 732/946-0130
Central: Brian Curpier, 607/547-2591
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West: Zane Lewis, 214/789-6094

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Topics: AOPA, Cross Country, Safety and Education

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