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Technique - Emergency approach and landingTechnique - Emergency approach and landing

Technique - Emergency approach and landing

Get down safely
Emergency Landing
Emergency Landing

Whether by your own doing or because of an unforeseen mechanical problem, there may be a time when you need to get the airplane on the ground without power. Assuming you’re at altitude and in a place where there is some flat terrain, a safe landing is usually possible. The key to success in this maneuver is to aviate, navigate, and then communicate.

Engine Restart SequenceThe technique

1. Establish best-glide speed. As soon as it’s clear there’s a problem, pitch directly for the aircraft’s published best-glide speed. Without power you will go from cruise speed to best glide quickly.

2. Select a landing site and turn toward it. Airports are obviously the best landing sites, but it often makes more sense to land in a field than an airport you aren’t 100-percent positive you will make. Plan to land into the wind, if possible. Once you’ve selected the site, turn toward it. 

3. Try to restart the engine. Every airplane is different, but it’s often best to work in a flow pattern from the bottom of the center panel, then up and to the left. Make sure to include:

Fuel—fullest tank
Carb heat—on
Mixture—­­rich (or possibly lean at higher altitudes)
Power—full
Primer­—in and locked
Mags and master­—restart

4. Confirm. Assuming you have sufficient altitude, confirm you’ve completed all the restart items on the checklist.

5. Communicate. If you’re on a frequency with an air traffic controller, make a Mayday call there. If not, announce on 121.5. Tune the transponder to 7700. 

6. Perform a landing. Once you have the field made, lower flaps as necessary, open the doors, and then turn the fuel, master, and mags off. Land main wheels first, at as slow an airspeed as possible.

Set up for landing

Increase the chance of success with an off-airport landing by keeping things as normal as possible. To do this, plan to arrive abeam the touchdown point on a downwind leg at around 1,000 feet above the ground, just as you would on a normal approach. This is often called the key position. From there, execute a normal power-off approach and landing.

Ideally, to set up properly for the key position you would arrive over the landing site and spiral down to the proper position. This ensures you will make the field and not have to stretch the glide.

Engine failure can occur shortly after takeoff. If you do not have at least 1,000 feet of altitude, don't attempt to turn back to the airport­­­­­­—t­­ry to land straight ahead.

Landing Fixes

Ian J. Twombly

Ian J. Twombly

Ian J. Twombly is senior content producer for AOPA Media.
Topics: Technique, Takeoffs and Landings

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