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Sept. 28, 2012, issue of 'AOPA ePilot: Flight Training Edition' weekly newsletterSept. 28, 2012, issue of 'AOPA ePilot: Flight Training Edition' weekly newsletter

AOPA ePilot

In This Issue:

VOLUME 12, ISSUE 39 — September 28, 2012

Keeping up on ELTs
New teen membership tops 950
Plane Spotter: Vulcanair
Final Exam: Landing rights airport


Safety >>

Picture Perfect

Picture Perfect >>


AOPA Live >>

Training Tips

Keeping up on ELTs

Training TipA sample question from the FAA private pilot knowledge test question bank asks:


When must the battery in an emergency locator transmitter (ELT) be replaced (or recharged if the battery is rechargeable)?


A) After one-half the battery’s useful life.


B) During each annual and 100-hour inspection.


C) Every 24 calendar months.


From recency of experience or medical certification to aircraft maintenance, pilots have many expiration dates to keep track of to remain in compliance with regulations. That list includes the frequently out-of-sight, out-of-mind ELT—a device that could provide rescuers with vital position information on an aircraft forced down off the airport.


Battery replacement is only one of numerous subjects a student pilot should be able to discuss about the ELT. For example, where is the ELT installed in your trainer? (The tailcone is a common site.)


On what frequency does your ELT transmit upon activation? There was a time when the simple answer to that question was the distress frequency 121.5 megahertz (MHz). Newer units transmit on 406 MHz. Those units are capable of narrowing the search area for a rescue.


There is no requirement to replace an older ELT. “In 2010, the Federal Communications Commission (FCC) proposed banning ELTs transmitting on 121.5 MHz. The proposal encountered strong opposition from AOPA, the aviation industry, and the FAA, which later that year formally requested that the FCC drop the mandate,” says this AOPA article.


Pilots should know, however, that there also no longer is satellite monitoring of ELTs transmitting on 121.5 MHz, leaving overflying aircraft and nearby air traffic facilities as the only receivers of an activated unit’s signal, and possibly making them less effective in a remote area.


On occasion, an ELT can be activated inadvertently by turbulence or a hard landing. Review the discussion in Chapter 6 of the Aeronautical Information Manual for how to check for false alarms.


As for that knowledge test question: This ELT discussion page from AOPA’s Pilot Information Canter explains that batteries “must be replaced or recharged when the transmitter has been in use for more than 1 cumulative hour; or when 50 percent of their useful life (or for rechargeable batteries, 50 percent of their useful life or charge) has expired, as established by the transmitter manufacturer under its approval.”

Flight Training News

New teen membership tops 950

AOPA’s AV8RS program, which offers free youth membership to teens, recently topped 950 members. The program includes an official AOPA AV8RS member card; opportunities to connect with other AOPA AV8RS through dedicated online communities; and a free digital subscription to Flight Training magazine, among other benefits. Read more >>

Come chat about airplane ownership

Thinking about buying your first airplane? Wondering about how to take that first step into ownership? Bring all your questions to the October Flight Training Facebook chat on Oct. 2 at 3 p.m. Eastern. AOPA Pilot Editor in Chief Tom Haines will discuss making the leap to ownership as well as other ways to get into aviation, such as flying clubs and partnerships. One participant will receive AOPA’s limited-edition “Plane Crazy” T-shirt. To participate in the chat, go to the Flight Training Facebook page and click on the chat link. You can also sign up for an email reminder of the upcoming chat, or view transcripts of previous chats.

Checking out on MedXPress as the paper form checks out

On Oct. 1, the paper version of the FAA airman medical application will be retired and all medical applications will be completed online. The FAA’s MedXPress went live in 2007 to complement the hard-copy FAA Form 8500-8. However, the plan all along was to comply with federal guidelines to move to electronic documentation and phase out the paper form. Read more >>

Hand-prop surprise?

When North Carolina pilot Bruce Stanfield went to hand-prop his Cessna Cardinal in the summer of 2005, he was stunned by what occurred next. Hear, in his words, what happened—and learn what simple actions might have prevented it. Watch the Air Safety Institute’s Real Pilot Stories: Propping Accident .

North Carolina flight school relocates

Dillon’s Aviation has moved its satellite flight school from Fayetteville to Raleigh Exec Jetport at Sanford-Lee County in Sanford, N.C. The headquarters and maintenance shop remain at Pitt-Greenville Airport in Greenville, N.C. The move gives the flight school more space, including classrooms, an office area, a conference room, and more hangar space, according to An open house will be held at Raleigh Exec from 9 a.m. to 5 p.m. on Oct. 6.

New Jersey community college opens aviation education center

Bergen Community College opened the doors to its new aviation education center on Sept. 21 at its Paramus, N.J., campus. The center features flight simulators and a wind tunnel, and was made possible by a $2 million grant from Emil Buehler Perpetual Trust. The college offers an associate’s degree in aeronautics, with specialties in aircraft operations and aviation administration. Students who earn an associate’s degree in aeronautics can transfer to Vaughn College in Flushing, N.Y., to obtain a bachelor’s degree in aeronautics, avionics, and airport management.

Training Resources

Did you know? The most misused term in aviation is the word “Roger.” So, what does it convey? The Air Safety Institute’s Say It Right: Mastering Radio Communication online course explains its true meaning, while exploring other misnomers routinely abused by pilots. Learn how to communicate properly and effectively from the cockpit and improve safety when you avoid inappropriate phraseology. The course is sponsored by Lightspeed Aviation.


Did you know that student pilots who join AOPA are three times more likely to complete their flight training? Membership includes unlimited access to aviation information by phone (800/USA-AOPA, weekdays from 8:30 a.m. to 6 p.m. Eastern time) or from Flight Training Online or AOPA Online. If you’re not already a member, join today and get the pilot’s edge. Login information is available online.


Van’s RV-14

Van's RV-14 Even if you know next to nothing about the experimental amateur-built segment of aviation, you probably know the name Van’s Aircraft. Some 450 of the popular kitbuilt airplanes will take flight this year alone. AOPA President Craig Fuller and AOPA Pilot Editor in Chief Tom Haines toured the Van’s factory in Aurora, Ore., and got the scoop on the RV-14 that debuted at AirVenture 2012. The side-by-side two-place airplane is aerobatic but built to be comfortable on cross-country trips. See more of the RV-14 in AOPA Live This Week, Sept. 20, 2012.

Career Pilot

SkyWest announces American Eagle agreement

SkyWest Inc. announced Sept. 12 that it has signed a four-year capacity purchase agreement with American Airlines to operate 23 Bombardier CRJ200 regional jets under the American Eagle designation. SkyWest anticipates beginning its American flights on Nov. 15, with all 23 aircraft in service by the end of the first quarter 2013. SkyWest said the aircraft will come from its existing fleet, where they previously were operated for another major partner; the company indicated that 12 of the aircraft will be flown by SkyWest Airlines and 11 by ExpressJet Airlines. They primarily will be operated out of Los Angeles and Dallas/Fort Worth international airports.

BBJ sets record on long-range flight

Boeing Business Jets set a new world record for speed over a recognized course when a BBJ flew nonstop from Los Angeles to Auckland, New Zealand, for installation of its VIP interior. The Boeing 737-700, modified for VIP use, made the 5,658-nm trip in 13 hours, 7 minutes, and 54 seconds. Capt. Steve Taylor, BBJ president, said the trip demonstrates the incredible range capability of the BBJ. “When we left Los Angeles with full fuel, we were 21,000 pounds below our maximum takeoff weight. This means that the customer can add a full VIP interior, fill all the seats, and still carry full fuel and have remarkable range.” He said the airplane had 7,800 pounds of fuel remaining when it landed in Auckland Sunday evening. The BBJ, owned by Samsung Electronics, is equipped with seven auxiliary fuel tanks, giving it the extended range.

Plane Spotter

Vulcanair: Two wings and a view

Vulcanair P68 A high-winged twin with six seats and fixed landing gear doesn’t appear on most airport ramps every day. The plane-spotting project takes on additional intrigue if the aircraft sports a clear acrylic nose, and seems suited to law-enforcement work. From a distance, the outline would lead a plane spotter to conclude that an aircraft in the Italian manufacturer Vulcanair’s product line—formerly Partenavia—has come calling. It would take a closer inspection to determine whether the aircraft was a P68C, or possibly a specialized update such as the Vulcanair Observer.

Training Products

Redbird Cygnus from King Schools

Connect your flight simulator to your favorite aviation apps running on your smartphone or tablet via the Redbird Cygnus Home Direct or Cygnus Pro Wireless devices. The location of your simulated aircraft is sent to your device, fooling it into believing it is where your simulated airplane is—which in turn allows you to use any app just as you would on an actual flight. The Cygnus Pro Wireless, priced at $599, lets you wirelessly connect five mobile devices to a sim. The Cygnus Home Direct, priced at $199 and available soon, lets you directly connect one device to a sim. For more information, see the website or contact King Schools at 800/854-1001.


Note: Products listed have not been evaluated by ePilot editors unless otherwise noted. AOPA assumes no responsibility for products or services listed or for claims or actions by manufacturers or vendors.

Member Benefits

Color vision tests and FAA requirements

Color vision deficiency is the inability to differentiate between certain colors or, in more severe cases, to be able to see colors at all, also known as “color blindness.” Most individuals with color deficiency can see colors, but have difficulty identifying differences between shades of red and green or, less commonly, blue and yellow, and the deficiency varies from mild to severe. Dr. Warren Silberman discusses the FAA’s testing policies on color deficiency in this report from AOPA Pilot Protection Services. Read more >>


Dumb things pilots have done, Part II

In the second part of a two-part installment, professional pilot Chip Wright reveals evidence that the FAA has eyes in the back of its head. Also in the Flight Training blog, Technical Editor Jill W. Tallman shares more solo stories found in the media.

Engine failure on takeoff

CFI Jason Schappert examines the must-do items on your mental checklist if the engine fails on takeoff with and without runway remaining in the Let’s Go Flying blog.

AOPA Career Opportunities

Ever dream of turning your passion for aviation into a career? We’re looking for a director of media relations, major gifts officer, accounts payable technician, aviation technical generalist, and Web graphic designer. To learn more about other AOPA career opportunities, visit AOPA Online.


Picture Perfect

AOPA’s online photo gallery allows you to upload your own aviation photography as well as view, rate, and comment on others’ photos. Your favorite aviation images from AOPA Pilot are still available online through this new gallery. Take a look, and submit your own photos!

Facebook Become a fan

RSS feed Subscribe to the RSS feed

Picture Perfect


Want something to do this weekend? Planning an aviation getaway? See your personalized online calendar of events . We’ve enhanced our calendar so that with one click you can see all of the events listed in the regions you selected when personalizing ePilot . Now you can browse events in your region to make planning easier. You can also bookmark the personalized calendar page to check it as often as you want. Before you take off on an adventure, make sure you check our current aviation weather provided by Jeppesen.

To include an event or to search all events in the calendar, visit AOPA Online. For airport details, including FBO fuel prices, see AOPA Airports.

Final Exam


Question: What does the term “landing rights airport” mean?


Answer: This term is used in the context of international flights. A landing rights airport is an airport at which permission to land may be granted by the appropriate customs officer with acknowledgment of the appropriate agencies and services. In addition to providing advance notice of arrival, permission is required before an aircraft may land at an airport that has not been designated for customs purposes as an international airport of entry. For more information on customs and international flying, see AOPA’s International Flying subject report.

Got a question for our technical services staff? Email [email protected] or call the Pilot Information Center, 800/872-2672. Don’t forget the online archive of “Final Exam” questions and answers, searchable by keyword or topic.

Instrument Tip

IFR Fix: Steeper than you think

IFR Fix: Steeper than you think The directional gyro is spinning like a pinwheel. The pilot has moved both hands to the yoke to keep the nose of the attitude indicator’s miniature airplane pinned slightly above the horizon. G forces make their presence felt as the assigned heading moves within 30 degrees of the 12-o'clock position. The pilot begins a rollout. “Nice steep turn,” says the critic, friend, and impassive icon (CFII) in the right seat. Whether performed visually on a flight review or by instruments during a proficiency ride, steep turns are exhilarating, physical, and instructive. Read more >>

Flight Instructor Refresher Clinics

Air Safety Institute Safety Seminars

Oct. 6 and 7

Indianapolis, Ind.

Corpus Christi, Texas

Oct. 13 and 14

Windsor Locks, Conn.

Fort Lauderdale, Fla.

Nashville, Tenn.




Oct. 20 and 21

Columbia, S.C.


Oct. 27 and 28

San Jose, Calif.

Wichita, Kan.



For a complete schedule, see AOPA Online.

Can’t make it in person? Sign up for the CFI Refresher Online.

Oct. 1

Concord, Calif.

Northglenn, Colo.

Greenville, Ky.

Rochester, Minn.

Greenville, S.C.

Madison, Wis.

Oct. 2

Fresno, Calif.

Colorado Springs, Colo.

Decatur, Ga.

Cedar Rapids, Iowa

Middlesboro, Ky.

Milwaukee, Wis.

Oct. 3

Palmdale, Calif.

Bellevue, Neb.

Manitowoc, Wis.

Oct. 4

Huntsville, Ala.

Olathe, Kan.


Topics vary—for details and a complete schedule, see AOPA Online.

AOPA ePilot Team

ePilot Flight Training Editor:
Jill W. Tallman

ePilot Editor:
Sarah Brown

Alyssa Miller
Jim Moore
Warren Morningstar
Alton K. Marsh

Dave Hirschman
Tom Horne
Ian J. Twombly
Dan Namowitz

Production Team:
Melissa Whitehouse
Siobhan Byrne
Lezlie Ramsey
William Rockenbaugh
Mitch Mitchell

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