Already a member? Please login below for an enhanced experience. Not a member? Join today

June 14, 2013, issue of 'AOPA ePilot: Flight Training Edition' weekly newsletterJune 14, 2013, issue of 'AOPA ePilot: Flight Training Edition' weekly newsletter

AOPA ePilot

In This Issue:

VOLUME 13, ISSUE 24 — June 14, 2013

Fast and furious
AOPA seeks pilot to send to France
Plane Spotter: A history of Conquest
Final Exam: Flight training


Safety >>

Picture Perfect

Picture Perfect >>


AOPA Live >>

Training Tips

Fast and furious

Training TipThunderstorms didn't get their fearsome reputation just from the extreme conditions a pilot can encounter by stumbling into, or too close to one. The reputation also hints at the speed at which thunderstorms can grow from puffy cumulus clouds into giant, opaque cumulonimbus.


That speed of growth is important because it helps you set a freshness date on your weather briefing and periodic updates. Since it doesn't take long for convective conditions to develop, any conditions conducive to convection in your flight’s weather profile deserve constant monitoring.


Even if thunderstorms are not specifically mentioned in your briefing, indicators—high dew points, an unstable atmosphere, an approaching front—should put you on alert. If you will depart in a hazy, stable air mass with reduced visibility and fly toward an advancing front, be wary of embedded weather hazards.


Just before heading out, give weather radar a final glance on a computer terminal; animating the display will show you the speed, direction and intensity of areas of precip. Not available? Then make sure you can read and decode a radar weather report (RAREP). There is an example on page 12-10 of the Pilot’s Handbook of Aeronautical Knowledge.


Once airborne, remember that a squall line can develop ahead of an advancing front—also with little warning. Note the navaids that transmit hazardous in-flight weather advisory service broadcasts; a HIWAS broadcast may be your first clue that conditions are changing for the worse.


One of the many benefits of receiving flight following services from ATC is hearing any announcement that a convective sigmet has been issued. Follow up with HIWAS, or give flight watch a call.


Perilous is any decision to land in haste at an airport in the path of an approaching storm. If you win the race to the airport, a gust front—or worse, a microburst—could still beat you to the punch.


“The wind’s downward movement is part of the danger when an aircraft flies into a microburst. But, the biggest danger is a sudden shift in wind direction,” wrote meteorologist Jack Williams in this installment of “The Weather Never Sleeps” in Flight Training magazine.


In any scenario involving thunderstorms, safety requires putting as much distance as possible between you and the rough stuff. Some pilots try to shave that margin. That’s a losing bet.

Flight Training News

AOPA seeks young pilot to send to France

It could be the perfect two-week getaway: a free trip to France to participate in the Tour Aérien Des Jeunes Pilotes. The goal of the Tour Aérien Des Jeunes Pilotes is to motivate the next generation of pilots, build camaraderie, and serve as a public outreach event promoting general aviation. Forty-five pilots between the ages of 18 and 24 are expected to participate in the event July 15 through 28. Each stop in the race will allow participants to meet with the public and share their passion for aviation. Read more >>

Technique: Nose up, unload, roll!

A roll is a great confidence boost for new aerobatic pilots, and getting the airplane upside down and right side up again requires decisive control inputs. A roll is the first aerobatic maneuver an aerobatic student learns, and it should be a confidence booster as well as a clean break from the past. It boosts confidence because rolling shows students they are capable of getting the airplane upside down and right side up again, and it's not disorienting since the horizon is plainly in view throughout the maneuver. Read more >>

Weigh these weight-and-balance apps for yourself

AOPA eNewsletter and Social Media Editor Benét J. Wilson’s last column on weight-and-balance apps turned out to be one of the most popular with members. She received more than a dozen recommendations from members. So this week, she takes a look at another five. Read more >>

Brazilian student team wins aircraft design competition

Price Induction has named a team from Federal University of Minas Gerais in Brazil as the winner of a student competition that asked aerospace engineering students to imagine and design the best personal light jet based on a four-seat twin-engine aircraft equipped with Price Induction DGEN 390 turbofan engines. Students were given special access to technical data and software. The Brazilian team presented a configuration similar to a glider with the two engines mounted on the fuselage.

Air Facts sponsors summer writing challenge for young pilots

Air Facts is seeking contributions from young pilots about their flying experience for its online journal for personal air travel as part of its summer writing challenge. Pilots from 16 to 24 years of age should submit a 750- to 1,000-word personal essay on one of the following subjects: the moment I felt like a pilot, my first passenger, “I messed up,” five flying adventures I want to have, or topic of your own choosing. Applicants should submit their essay in a Word document, along with a digital photo of themselves and a 50-word biography. Submissions should be sent to [email protected].

Thunderstorm Avoidance: Practical tips for the GA pilot

Thunderstorms present a multitude of weather conditions that are disastrous to aircraft such as hail, icing, lightning, extreme turbulence, wind shear, and heavy winds. There's no denying the danger these storms pose to flyers, yet far too many pilots venture into these convective beasts and never make it out alive. Test your knowledge by taking the Air Safety Institute's thunderstorm avoidance quiz and learn why smart pilots never take a chance. Take the quiz >>

Training Resources

The ups and downs of takeoffs and landings

The “simple” act of taking off or landing accounts for 50 percent of general aviation accidents. It affects students, flight instructors, and veterans alike. The leading accident factor for both phases is loss of control (30.2 percent of takeoff accidents and 32.8 percent of landing accidents). Other factors include obstructions, night operations, short fields, and soft fields. Check out this Air Safety Institute safety advisor that offers tips on having successful takeoffs and landings. Read more >>


Did you know that student pilots who join AOPA are three times more likely to complete their flight training? Membership includes unlimited access to aviation information by phone (800/USA-AOPA, weekdays from 8:30 a.m. to 8 p.m. Eastern time) or from Flight Training Online or AOPA Online. If you’re not already a member, join today and get the pilot’s edge. Login information is available online.


Inside scoop on FAA demands for AirVenture user fees

The FAA takes a big step toward replacing 100LL. Get the inside story on the FAA’s user fee demands to EAA AirVenture in Oshkosh, Wis. Take a look at new aerobatic airplanes from American Champion and Waco Classic. Learn about dealing with depression—it happens to pilots, too. And see the faces behind those “Pull up!” and “Terrain!” warnings in your cockpit. AOPA Live This Week, June 13 >>

Career Pilot

First Boeing 787-9 Dreamliner begins final assembly

Boeing began final assembly of the first 787-9 Dreamliner on schedule May 30 in Everett, Wash., when it started joining large sections of the efficient new jet. Partners delivered the first 787-9 sections to final assembly on or ahead of schedule, said Boeing, which will build the first three 787-9s on its temporary surge line in Everett to allow for smoother integration of the variant into production while continuing to ramp up 787 manufacturing. The 787-9 is 20 feet longer and will carry 40 more passengers an additional 300 nautical miles. First flight of the 787-9 is scheduled later this year, with first delivery to launch customer Air New Zealand set for early 2014. Twenty customers have ordered 355 787-9s, accounting for 40 percent of all 787 orders.

American mechanics seek Teamsters representation

American Airlines mechanics and related workers filed for an election with the National Mediation Board on May 28 as part of a months-long effort to become Teamsters. The petition comes on the heels of a similar move by US Airways mechanics, also seeking Teamster representation, who filed May 7 for an election. American Airline's more than 11,000 mechanics and related workers launched a campaign last June to obtain representation by the Teamsters Airline Division and the Teamsters Aviation Mechanics Coalition.


For more aviation career news, see the Flight Training website.

Plane Spotter

A history of Conquest

Cessna 425 Conquest IWhat came first, Cessna’s Conquest I or Conquest II? Plane spotters with a taste for twin turboprop trivia testify that in this case, the Cessna 441 Conquest II predates the Cessna 425 Conquest I. If you spot a pressurized twin that looks like a piston-powered Cessna 421 Golden Eagle that on closer inspection is obviously a turboprop, go ahead and identify it as a Cessna Conquest I (although there is a small chance that it’s “just” a turboprop-converted Golden Eagle). Before being renamed, the Cessna 425 was called the Corsair.

Training Products

King Schools offers sport pilot test prep

The King Schools Sport Pilot Practical Test Course on CD shows students exactly what the FAA wants you to demonstrate to earn your rating. The course shows you a real-world practical test, including both the oral and flight portions. The course costs $119.

FAA offers GA pilot weather guide

The FAA offers the General Aviation Pilot’s Guide to Preflight Weather Planning, Weather Self-Briefings, and Weather Decision Making. The guide is intended to help GA pilots, especially those with relatively little weather-flying experience, develop skills in obtaining appropriate weather information, interpreting the data in the context of a specific flight, and applying the information and analysis to make safe weather flying decisions.


Note: Products listed have not been evaluated by ePilot editors unless otherwise noted. AOPA assumes no responsibility for products or services listed or for claims or actions by manufacturers or vendors.

Member Benefits

Legal 101: For students

As students embark on the journey of learning how to fly, they quickly learn that it involves more than knowing how to manipulate the controls to make the aircraft fly and navigate the sky. Sooner or later, students come to understand that there are a myriad of rules and regulations that must be learned and memorized. From experience, AOPA Counsel Kathy Yodice can tell you that those rules and regulations can be very complicated and some are subject to interpretation and robust debate. Read more >>


Just ahead in the July issue

What great summer trips are you planning this year? What hot-weather issues confound you as you progress through your flight training? The July 2013 issue of Flight Training magazine, just off to the printer, touches on weight and balance, density altitude, and nailing your best glide speed in the event of an engine failure. Read more >>

The coolest airplane I’ve ever seen

FK Lightplanes, one of the top small-aircraft manufacturers in Europe, has designed a FK51 70-percent replica of the famous P-51 Mustang using whimsy, a passion for flying, and a sense of humor. It weighs only 1,000 pounds (a limit for ultralights in Europe), has retractable landing gear (can’t do that in the American light sport aircraft world), and three very special details. You can see a video about it with designer Peter Funk of South Africa on Read more >>

AOPA Career Opportunities

Ever dream of turning your passion for aviation into a career? We’re looking for a director of corporate partnerships, marketing specialist, member services representative, human resources assistant, software test and quality assurance analyst, and AOPA Live editor/graphic artist. To learn more about other AOPA career opportunities, visit AOPA Online.


Picture Perfect

AOPA’s online photo gallery allows you to upload your own aviation photography as well as view, rate, and comment on others’ photos. Your favorite aviation images from AOPA Pilot are still available online through this new gallery. Take a look, and submit your own photos!

FacebookBecome a fan

Picture Perfect


Want something to do this weekend? Planning an aviation getaway? See AOPA’s enhanced calendar of events. Now you can filter events by date range, airport ID, state, or region. Before you take off on an adventure, make sure you check our current aviation weather provided by Jeppesen.

To search all events in the calendar, visit AOPA Online. For airport details, including FBO fuel prices, see AOPA Airports.

Final Exam


Question: I am a flight instructor and I hold instrument and airplane/single-engine, land ratings on my flight instructor certificate. Can I can give instrument instruction in a multiengine airplane since I hold airplane/multiengine, land on my commercial pilot certificate and I’m not giving any instruction that will lead to a multiengine rating?


Answer: No, FAR 61.195 states that a flight instructor may not conduct flight training in any aircraft for which the flight instructor does not hold a pilot certificate and flight instructor certificate with the applicable category and class ratings. So, in order for a CFII to teach instrument flying in a multiengine airplane, the CFII also needs to hold multiengine privileges on his or her flight instructor certificate. Here’s a link to the regulation, FAR 61.195, if you’d like to take a look.

Got a question for our technical services staff? Email [email protected] or call the Pilot Information Center, 800/872-2672. Don’t forget the online archive of “Final Exam” questions and answers, searchable by keyword or topic.

Instrument Tip

IFR Fix: ‘One vicious bundle’

If a VFR pilot’s worst nightmare is to blunder into solid clouds, armed only with basic instrument flying skills, a similarly scary scenario awaits the instrument pilot who bets on sneaking through a stormy sector, and loses. Some pilots, flying aircraft fortified with information technology and systems, have become emboldened to push into conditions they wouldn’t challenge in a less-capable aircraft, completely missing the point that their new equipment was not intended as a dare. Read more >>

VFR altitudes on an IFR flight plan?

Do you enjoy the freedom of selecting your own VFR altitudes and making your own routing choices? Or do you prefer the protective envelope of IFR traffic separation and predictive routing from air traffic control? A VFR-on-top clearance can give you the best of both worlds. In this segment of the Air Safety Institute’s video series Ask ATC, you’ll hear how controllers work with pilots who request this special type of clearance. Watch the video >>

Flight Instructor Refresher Courses

Air Safety Institute Safety Seminars

June 22 and 23

Phoenix, Ariz.

Orlando, Fla.

July 13 and 14

Jacksonville, Fla.

Newark, N.J.

July 20 and 21

Pittsburgh, Pa.

Memphis, Tenn.

Aug. 3 and 4

Reno, Nev.

Fort Worth, Texas


For a complete schedule, see AOPA Online.

Can’t make it in person? Sign up for the CFI Refresher Online.

Aug. 1

Oshkosh, Wis.


Aug. 2

Oshkosh, Wis.

Aug. 3

Oshkosh, Wis.






Topics vary—for details and a complete schedule, see AOPA Online.

AOPA ePilot Team

ePilot Flight Training Editor:
Benét Wilson

ePilot Editor:
Benét Wilson

Alyssa Miller
Sarah Brown
Jim Moore
Jill W. Tallman
Warren Morningstar

Alton K. Marsh
Dave Hirschman
Tom Horne
Ian J. Twombly
Dan Namowitz

Production Team:
Melissa Whitehouse
Siobhan Byrne
Katie Richardson
Lezlie Ramsey

Advertise in ePilot:
East: Gary Russo, 607/547-2591
East/Central: Brian Curpier, 607/547-2591
Central: Gary Brennan, 607/547-2591
West: Zane Lewis, 214/789-6094

AOPA Advertising website

Member Tools: Send feedback | ePilot Flight Training Edition Archive

Got news or questions? Contact ePilot. Having difficulty using this service? Visit the ePilot Frequently Asked Questions online at or email us.
© 2013 Aircraft Owners and Pilots Association | 421 Aviation Way Frederick, MD 21701 | Phone 800/USA-AOPA | Fax 301/695-2375

Topics: AOPA, ATC, FAA Information and Services

Related Articles