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June 21, 2013, issue of 'AOPA ePilot: Flight Training Edition' weekly newsletterJune 21, 2013, issue of 'AOPA ePilot: Flight Training Edition' weekly newsletter

AOPA ePilot

In This Issue:

VOLUME 13, ISSUE 25 — June 21, 2013

Lights for days and nights
Mag compass dropped from private PTS
Plane Spotter: ‘Ejets’ from Embraer


Training Tips

Lights for days and nights

Training Tip

What could be more startling than having a parked aircraft come to life just as you are passing by on the way to your own trainer? If no warning callout from the pilot is heard, and if no other indication such as a rotating beacon provides warning, you could find yourself uncomfortably close to that whirling propeller.


You wouldn’t want to be the pilot responsible for making pedestrians on the ramp jump. Avoiding that scenario means knowing the components of your aircraft’s lighting systems and using them to advance safety.


As a general rule, required equipment for day-VFR operation of small civil airplanes includes an approved anticollision light system, usually consisting of a rotating beacon, and possibly, strobe lights.


When must anticollision lights be on?


“Once that aircraft’s engine is started for the purpose of air navigation it is clear that FAR 91.209(b) requires that the aircraft’s anticollision lights be turned on,” wrote John Yodice in the September 2011 Pilot Counsel column. He added, “It is important to note that this interpretation addresses what is specifically required by the rule. The FAA is quick to offer a safety precaution. The FAA recommends, as a matter of safety, that the anticollision lights should be on before starting an engine or causing a propeller or rotor to move. That is a common practice among many pilots.”


For night VFR, approved position lights are also mandated. Position lights, explains the glossary of the Airplane Flying Handbook, are “lights on an aircraft consisting of a red light on the left wing, a green light on the right wing, and a white light on the tail.” Regulations “require that these lights be displayed in flight from sunset to sunrise.”


Many aircraft operators promote safety and give themselves a hedge against a dead aircraft battery by leaving their rotating beacon switch on when shutting down after a flight. If the pilot forgets to turn off the master switch, the continued operation of the rotating beacon could serve as a reminder. And at the next startup, the rotating beacon will begin to operate as soon as the master switch is turned on, alerting those nearby that the engine may soon come alive. Review Aeronautical Information Manual section 4-3-23 for a discussion of aircraft lighting systems operations, exceptions made in the interest of safety, and following manufacturers’ recommendations.

Flight Training News

Magnetic compass requirement dropped from private pilot task

The FAA has reworded a navigation task in the Private Pilot Practical Test Standards (PTS) for Airplanes (FAA-S-8081-14B) to allow applicants to train and take their flight tests in aircraft equipped with magnetic direction sensing systems other than a magnetic compass. The action, explained in a note added May 30 to the current version of the PTS, will spare some flight training operators thousands of dollars in added costs to install compasses in training aircraft. Read more >>

Comment period reopened on pilot testing, training standards

The FAA has reopened the public comment period on an industry/government working group's draft Private Pilot and Instrument Rating Airman Certification Standards in response to several requests for more time to review the documents. Comments may be submitted until July 8. While stakeholders prepare their suggestions for the draft standards publications, about 130 comments submitted before the first comment window closed May 24 are being reviewed by the Airman Testing Standards and Training Working Group co-chaired by AOPA. Read more >>

12-year-old ready to buy airplane

Attendees could see gyrocopters and talk to highly experienced instructors about flying the aircraft. A lot can happen on a 10-minute first flight. According to 12-year-old Landon Howard, he grew wise beyond his years during a short flight in a Mooney over Frederick and Middletown, Md., June 8 during Learn to Fly Day at AOPA’s headquarters at Frederick Municipal Airport. Read more >>

How can you get the most out of your flight training?

Staying on track and keeping motivated are key components of a good flight training experience. How do you achieve and maintain that momentum? Join Flight Training Editor Ian J. Twombly and Technical Editor Jill W. Tallman for the July Facebook chat at 3 p.m. Eastern on Tuesday, July 2. The guest chatter will be Flight Training Contributing Editor Jamie Beckett, who writes frequently about the state of general aviation. As always, we welcome other questions about flight training. Visit the Flight Training Facebook page to set an email reminder or view transcripts of previous chats.

SunState Aviation opens new training facility

Florida-based SunState Aviation has opened a new training facility at Kissimmee Gateway Airport, according to Osceola News. The new facility offers a flight school, pilot shop, and a 10,000-square-foot, fully functional aircraft hangar.

‘Storm Week’ in review

Thunderstorm season is here—a great reason to review the Air Safety Institute’s free resources highlighted during the recent “Storm Week.” The Air Safety Institute encourages you to hone your thunderstorm avoidance knowledge with the institute’s recorded webinar “Thunderstorm Avoidance: ATC, Datalink, and You.” AOPA Foundation President Bruce Landsberg, Nexrad and datalink expert Dr. David Strahle, and Boise Tower air traffic controller Andy Marosvari discuss how ATC, weather briefers, and onboard weather avoidance tools can help you steer clear of thunderstorms and when it’s best to say no to a flight. Hear the recording >>

Deadline for GA nonprofit grant application is near

Does your nonprofit group have the right stuff to win a grant from the AOPA Foundation's Giving Back Program? The Foundation will be awarding grants of up to $10,000 each to nonprofit organizations doing charitable work through GA. Find out more and apply now as the July 1 grant application deadline is just around the corner. Learn more >>

Training Resources

Solo FAQ

Not long after your first solo, your instructor will authorize you to fly solo on a cross-country to another airport. You’ll have to take more responsibility for weather decisions, evaluating the wind, and other factors that until this point were made by, or in conjunction with, your flight instructor. Accurate information and a thorough understanding will help you to better execute these responsibilities. Get answers to your questions about solos.


Did you know that student pilots who join AOPA are three times more likely to complete their flight training? Membership includes unlimited access to aviation information by phone (800/USA-AOPA, weekdays from 8:30 a.m. to 8 p.m. Eastern time) or from Flight Training Online or AOPA Online. If you’re not already a member, join today and get the pilot’s edge. Login information is available online.


Open water survival, AOPA demands answers

Months of federal silence on general aviation aircraft searches by U.S. Customs and Border Protection agents have prompted a final demand for answers from AOPA, along with advice for pilots, and a plan to act if answers are not forthcoming. Also this week, a successful ditching is only half the battle: AOPA Live takes an in-depth look at open water survival training and offers some potentially life-saving tips and tricks. Watch a review of the latest David Clark headset, a brand-new model built for comfort. Rod Machado's regular "License to Learn" segment will explain flutter, and what that has to do with those little drain holes in aircraft control surfaces that you may have wondered about. AOPA Live This Week, June 20 >>

Career Pilot

Boeing forecast sees demand for 35,000 new aircraft

Boeing is projecting a demand for more than 35,000 new airplanes, valued at $4.8 trillion, over the next 20 years in its annual Current Market Outlook. Passenger traffic and cargo traffic are expected to grow 5 percent annually. “This forecast gives us confidence as we increase our production rates and invest in new products like the 777X and 787-10X,” said Randy Tinseth, vice president of marketing, Boeing Commercial Airplanes. “Airlines are demanding more efficiency and that is exactly what we'll be giving them.”


For more aviation career news, see the Flight Training website.

Plane Spotter

‘Ejets’ from Embraer

Embraer E-170A plane spotter doing some research in the regional airline neighborhood of a bustling commercial-service airport is likely to notice a sleek jet that looms larger than the 50-seat commuter aircraft with which it often shares gate space. With its two engines mounted beneath winglet-tipped, swept wings, Embraer’s E-170, a member of the Brazilian manufacturer’s Ejet family “looks and feels like a mainline aircraft,” its maker says. E-170s in service in the US Airways Express fleet seat 69 passengers, with nine seats in a first class section and 60 more in coach.

Training Products

MyGoFlight unveils iPad Mini kneeboard

The new MyGoFlight iPad Kneeboard Folio, including clipboard, is a leather, rotating aviation kneeboard, lapboard, and everyday case for your iPad mini. The iPad is held by a form-fitting rotating cradle that your iPad simply clips into. All of the ports and controls remain accessible so the iPad can be charged, synced, and controlled when it is in its case. The cost is $159.

ASA offers an instrument plotter

ASA’s instrument plotter features 12 scales for instrument charts, including a conversion scale for nautical and statute miles; holding patterns depicted for both standard and nonstandard entries; and compass roses allowing quick course and bearing information. The cost is $12.50.


Note: Products listed have not been evaluated by ePilot editors unless otherwise noted. AOPA assumes no responsibility for products or services listed or for claims or actions by manufacturers or vendors.

Member Benefits

The FAA and depression

Currently only four antidepressant medications are acceptable to take and still receive medical certification: Celexa, Lexapro, Prozac, and Zoloft. Dr. Warren Silberman, former manager of FAA Aerospace Medical Certification, offers some guidelines for their use. Read more >>


What do you bring to the table?

Every airline pilot can fly—or at least it's assumed that the pilot can. When you are pursuing a job, the basic assumption is that you can aviate with a certain degree of competency, and that you are trainable. The real question for many interviewers is simple: What else do you bring to the table? What skills do you have? What problems can you help us solve? Read more >>

Follow teens as they build two airplanes

Hockey or aviation? For high school student Aiden Muir, aviation trumps for the moment. He's helping other teens build two airplanes during Glasair's Two Weeks to Taxi program. Muir and the teens earned the experience after winning an aircraft design challenge sponsored by Build a Plane and the General Aviation Manufacturers Association. AOPA Technical Editor Jill W. Tallman is following them through the process. See how they’ve done each day this week.

AOPA Career Opportunities

Ever dream of turning your passion for aviation into a career? We’re looking for a new business account manager II, renewal account manager II, aircraft analyst, director of corporate partnerships, email marketing specialist, member services representative, human resources assistant, software test and quality assurance analyst, and AOPA Live editor/graphic artist. To learn more about other AOPA career opportunities, visit AOPA Online.


Picture Perfect

AOPA’s online photo gallery allows you to upload your own aviation photography as well as view, rate, and comment on others’ photos. Your favorite aviation images from AOPA Pilot are still available online through this new gallery. Take a look, and submit your own photos!

FacebookBecome a fan

Picture Perfect


Want something to do this weekend? Planning an aviation getaway? See AOPA’s enhanced calendar of events. Now you can filter events by date range, airport ID, state, or region. Before you take off on an adventure, make sure you check our current aviation weather provided by Jeppesen.

To search all events in the calendar, visit AOPA Online. For airport details, including FBO fuel prices, see AOPA Airports.

Final Exam


Question: Can an aircraft stall at a normal cruise airspeed?


Answer: Yes, it can. If a wing exceeds the critical angle of attack, it will stall at any airspeed. FAA defines a stall as the rapid decrease in lift caused by the separation of airflow from the wing's surface brought on by exceeding the critical angle of attack. A stall can occur at any pitch or airspeed. The FAA gives an example in the Pilot's Handbook of Aeronautical Knowledge of an aircraft in a sharp dive at 100 knots when the pilot suddenly and sharply pulls back on the elevator control. Gravity and centrifugal force prevent an immediate alteration of the flight path, but the aircraft's angle of attack changes abruptly from quite low to very high. Since the flight path of the aircraft in relation to the oncoming air determines the direction of the relative wind, the angle of attack is suddenly increased, and the aircraft would reach the stalling angle at a speed much greater than the normal stall speed.

Got a question for our technical services staff? Email [email protected] or call the Pilot Information Center, 800/872-2672. Don’t forget the online archive of “Final Exam” questions and answers, searchable by keyword or topic.

Instrument Tip

IFR Fix: On course for MAARS

Anyone who has arrived in front of a downtown office building when the GPS was supposed to deliver them to a mountain ski resort knows that the best navigation system on the planet can be defeated by operator error. Read more >>

Flight Instructor Refresher Courses

Air Safety Institute Safety Seminars

June 22 and 23

Phoenix, Ariz.

Orlando, Fla.

July 13 and 14

Jacksonville, Fla.

Newark, N.J.

July 20 and 21

Pittsburgh, Pa.

Memphis, Tenn.

Aug. 3 and 4

Reno, Nev.

Fort Worth, Texas


For a complete schedule, see AOPA Online.

Can’t make it in person? Sign up for the CFI Refresher Online.

Aug. 1

Oshkosh, Wis.


Aug. 2

Oshkosh, Wis.

Aug. 3

Oshkosh, Wis.






Topics vary—for details and a complete schedule, see AOPA Online.

AOPA ePilot Team

ePilot Flight Training Editor:
Benét Wilson

ePilot Editor:
Benét Wilson

Alyssa Miller
Sarah Brown
Jim Moore
Jill W. Tallman
Warren Morningstar

Alton K. Marsh
Dave Hirschman
Tom Horne
Ian J. Twombly
Dan Namowitz

Production Team:
Melissa Whitehouse
Siobhan Byrne
Katie Richardson
Lezlie Ramsey

Advertise in ePilot:
East: Gary Russo, 607/547-2591
East/Central: Brian Curpier, 607/547-2591
Central: Gary Brennan, 607/547-2591
West: Zane Lewis, 214/789-6094

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Topics: AOPA, Collision Avoidance, Safety and Education

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