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Auctioning atomic historyAuctioning atomic history

Enola Gay copilot’s collection on the blockEnola Gay copilot’s collection on the block

A manuscript page by Robert Lewis details velocities of the shock wave, and time taken to hit the Enola Gay as it headed home. This and other documents are being auctioned April 29. Image courtesy of Bonhams.

The first shockwave rocked the Enola Gay just 55 seconds after the first atomic bomb was released over Hiroshima, Japan; the second struck eight seconds later, details meticulously recorded in a diagram by Capt. Robert Lewis, co-pilot on the mission that ushered in the atomic age and helped end World War II.

While details like those have long since been documented, many of the documents and photos Lewis collected before, during, and after the mission have never been seen before. On April 29, they will be sold by Bonhams, a London-based auction house, during a special sale of World War II artifacts in New York.

The various lots include recollections and diagrams written in Lewis’ own hand, including a handwritten chronicle (ostensibly written as a letter to his family back home but compiled at the request of The New York Times) that captures the sentiment in the cockpit as the mushroom cloud burst skyward behind them.

“If I live a hundred years I’ll never quite get those few minutes out of my mind,” Lewis wrote, underlining for emphasis. “Looking at Capt. Parsons, why he is as confounded as the rest and he was (supposed) to have known everything and expected this much to happen.”

Officers of the Enola Gay: (left to right) Major Thomas W. Ferebee, bombardier; Col. Paul W. Tibbets, Jr., pilot; Capt. Theodore J. “Dutch” Van Kirk, navigator; and Capt. Robert Lewis, co-pilot. Photo from the National Air and Space Museum Archives, Smithsonian Institution.

Taken together, the letter, Lewis' logbook, notes and plan, a large diagram of the mission planofficial flight log, Lewis’ personal flight computer, and several lots of collected photos are estimated by Bonhams to fetch between $334,000 and $476,500 in all. The letter, in which Lewis posted the now-famous rhetorical question, “My God, what have we done?” is alone estimated to command up to $60,000. Tom Lamb of Bonhams told the Mirror that the documents (being sold on behalf of Lewis’ son, Stephen) offer a unique glimpse into the mission, from preparation to aftermath.

“Captain Lewis actually got the flight height wrong – it says on the plan to come in at 30,000ft but he actually flew in at 35,000ft,” Lamb told the British newspaper. “That error proves this plan was drawn prior to the flight because otherwise it would have the correct altitude on it.”

Lewis and the crew wondered how many had been killed in the attack, and the answer remains elusive to the present day. Estimates range widely, and the scale of the destruction made precision impossible. Between 66,000 and 160,000 people died in Hiroshima, either instantly or in the weeks that followed from radiation sickness and burns. Tens of thousands more died three days later when a second atomic bomb was dropped on Nagasaki, and Japan announced its unconditional surrender Aug. 15. American military planners had been bracing for losses far greater still if it had come to an invasion.

Nuclear weapons have not been used in warfare since.

Capt. Robert Lewis’ diagram of the Hiroshima bomb plan is among many documents from his collection being auctioned April 29. Photo courtesy of Bonhams.
Jim Moore

Jim Moore

Editor-Web
Editor-Web Jim Moore joined AOPA in 2011 and is an instrument-rated private pilot who enjoys competition aerobatics.
Topics: Pilots

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