NAV Canada announced that it will implement International Civil Aviation Organization (ICAO) phraseology April 27 “to explicitly indicate to flight crews if they should abide by speed and altitude restrictions associated with a given procedure” on standard instrument departures (SIDs) and standard terminal arrivals (STARs).
The key terms “climb via” and “descend via” that will be implemented for use by air traffic controllers and pilots are intended to eliminate misinterpretations of altitude clearances and restrictions by flight crews.
In November 2016, ICAO revised its Air Traffic Management document to include climb/descend via phraseology.
Pilots who fly internationally can expect to encounter the new phraseology more frequently, said Rune Duke, AOPA director of airspace and air traffic.
He recommended that pilots familiarize themselves with the aeronautical information publications for countries to which they will fly and note differences in meaning between the FAA and other countries’ air navigation service providers.
AOPA participates in the FAA’s Performance-Based Aviation Rulemaking Committee and the Pilot and Controller Procedures & System Integration Working Group, which have focused on making flight crews aware of the phraseology update, Duke said.