Get extra lift from AOPA. Start your free membership trial today! Click here
Sponsored by Aircraft Spruce

Training Tip: Aviation's twilight zone

If someone calls me up today to go night flying, any of our time aloft before 6:02 p.m. Eastern Daylight Time, or 2202Z, won’t count as night flight. (Starting Nov. 4, remember to use standard time, not daylight saving time, for Zulu time conversions.)

Photo by Mike Fizer.

Sure, it will be rather dark before 2202Z, but we’ll be in a regulatory twilight zone, flying in nocturnal conditions, with the airport looking the way airports look at night, but with the night-flight columns of our logbooks embargoed until the mandated moment.

What’s so special about 6:02 p.m. EDT (for the day this was written) is that it was the time when "civil twilight" was ending in this locality; according to a website that conveniently provides valuable date-and-time information.

When defining “night” for aviation purposes—for example, for keeping track of the night flying experience you need for private pilot training—night is “the time between the end of evening civil twilight and the beginning of morning civil twilight, as published in the Air Almanac, converted to local time.”

That’s a pretty busy definition. If you wonder why the word “civil’ is included in the regulation’s reference to twilight, it’s because civil twilight is one of three commonly noted phases of twilight.

During civil twilight, “the geometric center of the Sun's disk is at most 6 degrees below the horizon.” In “nautical twilight, the geometric center of the Sun's disk is between 6 and 12 degrees below the horizon.” “Astronomical twilight” is when the sun’s geometric center “is between 12 and 18 degrees below the horizon.”

If you haven’t seen too many pilots standing on a dusky ramp attempting to calculate the position of the sun’s disk lately, it may be because this is where the Air Almanac (and thankfully, the internet) takes over, providing data you’ll need to figure out your local civil twilight intervals (or find a webpage where the information is a click away).

If you left the iPad at home, you can eyeball the sky and guesstimate the end of evening civil twilight. It’s when “the brightest stars are just visible, and terrestrial objects can be easily distinguished,” assuming good atmospheric conditions and no light pollution.

Here’s another way to think of civil twilight’s endpoint: It’s when artificial lighting helps you continue outdoor activities.

Dan Namowitz
Dan Namowitz
Dan Namowitz has been writing for AOPA in a variety of capacities since 1991. He has been a flight instructor since 1990 and is a 35-year AOPA member.
Topics: Training and Safety, Training and Safety, Flight Planning
aircraft spruce logo

Aircraft Spruce

Sponsor of the AOPA Air Safety Institute's Training and Safety Tips
Aircraft Spruce provides virtually everything a pilot or aircraft owner might need. As a Strategic Partner since 2012, the company sponsors programs that bring hands-on knowledge and DIY spirit to AOPA members.