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Copyright © 2006 AOPA.
| Training Tips |
How do you prepare for your flight lessons? You check the weather. You bring along all the charts, publications, and pilot gear you'll need. But there is a lot more to it than that. Preparation for a cross-country flight should require the careful study of the planned route and dedicating a few practice sessions on the ground to work up flight logs and performance calculations.
A flight session consisting of ground reference maneuvers and steep turns should be preceded by consulting your training materials on the principles behind those maneuvers, plus a look at the Private Pilot Practical Test Standards (PTS) so you'll know what tolerances-governing altitude, bank angles, roll-out headings, and so forth-not to exceed. Speaking of the PTS, it also provides some valuable guidance for pilots who want to be on the same page as the examiner about how all tasks and knowledge elements should be performed or demonstrated on flight test day. Under the title of each task in the PTS are references to the official texts. Some of the tasks, such as ground reference maneuvers, have only one text listed as reference material. For those maneuvers the reference is FAA-H-8083-3, the Airplane Flying Handbook (AFH). Other tasks list multiple references. Not all the references are training texts. Note that for the performance maneuver, steep turns, the references are the AFH and the pilot's operating handbook (POH) for your training aircraft. Why the POH? Because the maneuver can impose a high load factor on the aircraft, and the POH will provide the correct airspeed to use-one that will not exceed the aircraft's design maneuvering speed.
The PTS is your "everything you need to know" guide to your practical test, as discussed in the April 5, 2002, Training Tips. Regardless of the study aids you use-and they come in an excellent variety of formats and media-a good policy for the conscientious student pilot or flight instructor is to consider no flight-test task completed until the references given in the PTS have been thoroughly reviewed as well.
| Your Partner in Training |
|"Oh no, I lost my logbook! What do I do?" A student pilot is required to carry his/her logbook on all solo cross-country flights; it must contain the proper endorsements. If the endorsements are lost, then new endorsements should be obtained from an authorized instructor. A private pilot doesn't have to carry a logbook, but it's still an important record of flight experience. The FAA's General Aviation Operation Inspectors Handbook (FAA Order 8700.1) provides guidance for reconstructing lost logbooks. If you have other questions about logbooks, call the Pilot Information Center at 800/USA-AOPA weekdays between 8:30 a.m. and 6 p.m. Eastern. |
As an AOPA Flight Training Member, you have access to all of the features within AOPA Online and AOPA Flight Training Online. Login information is available online.
| Flight Training News |
| ENHANCED TAXIWAY MARKINGS POP UP AT BUSIEST AIRPORTS |
If you fly at one of the 72 busiest airports in the United States, you'll notice something different as you taxi to the runway hold-short line. Yellow dashes will soon be placed on both sides of the taxiway centerline within 150 feet of the runway hold-short line. This is intended to alert pilots that they are approaching a runway holding position and should cross-check taxiing instructions to determine if they are cleared to cross the hold-short line. They will be installed at all major air carrier airports by June 30, 2008.
EMBRY-RIDDLE OPENS CENTERS IN LOS ANGELES, NORTH CAROLINA
Embry-Riddle Aeronautical University has opened learning centers in California and North Carolina. The Los Angeles Metro Center is a new and expanded facility adjacent to Long Beach airport. Embry-Riddle first opened an extended learning center at March Air Force Base in Long Beach 10 years ago. It has grown to be one of the largest of the university's 136 extended learning centers. The Elizabeth City, North Carolina, center was opened at the U.S. Coast Guard base, and classes are open for all active duty, retired, and reserve members and their dependents, as well as Department of Homeland Security employees and civilians who have access to the Support Center Base at Elizabeth City. Both centers offer associate, bachelor, and master degrees in professional aeronautics, technical management, and aircraft maintenance management, among others. For more information, see the Web site.
AIR RACE CLASSIC SETS 2006 RACE ROUTES
The thirtieth annual Air Race Classic, the all-women's transcontinental air race, has announced its dates and race route for 2006. The event will launch June 20 from Mesa, Arizona, and end in Menominee, Michigan, June 23. The 2,154-nautical-mile route includes stops in Texas, Oklahoma, Kansas, and Minnesota. Two certificated women pilots make up a team, but student pilots may fly along as passengers. Race aircraft must be stock or minimally modified stock airplanes, normal or utility category, with normally aspirated engines not less than 145 horsepower and no more than 570 hp. Entries opened January 3 and will close April 15. Entry kits are available for $30; see the Web site or e-mail your request.
| Inside AOPA |
DON'T MAKE ADIZ PERMANENT, BOYER TELLS FEDERAL PANEL
"I implore you; don't take this bad idea and make it permanent!" Nothing summed it up better than AOPA President Phil Boyer's presentation Wednesday to collected federal security near Virginia's Dulles International Airport, deep inside the Washington, D.C., Air Defense Identification Zone (ADIZ). Boyer was only the first of some 200 pilots willing to explain exactly why the ADIZ is a bad idea. Airline security rules have changed because of risk-based assessments, yet general aviation still suffers from misconceptions and misinformation. For the first time in public, Boyer revealed his own personal bad experience with the ADIZ. His wife, Lois, the pilot in command at the time, was wrongly accused of violating the ADIZ while the couple was flying their ADS-B-equipped Cessna 172 over familiar terrain on a Sunday afternoon. "The FAA assured us they would take steps to make sure this kind of mistaken identity never happened again," Boyer told security officials. "It still happens all the time." Many speakers said that the ADIZ did nothing to stop terrorists, but instead punished law-abiding pilots. And others pointed out the dire economic impact. Boyer went on to detail all of the steps that have been taken to improve general aviation security since the 9/11 attacks, including AOPA's Airport Watch Program. "And don't just credit AOPA," said Boyer. "Credit the more than 600,000 pilots in this country that, like a neighborhood watch, are looking around the airport for untoward things happening." For more, including a seven-minute video clip featuring excerpts from the meeting, see AOPA Online.
HAVE YOU UPDATED YOUR AOPA MEMBER PROFILE?
To make the most of your membership and allow us to serve you better, please visit AOPA Online and update your personal member profile.
| Training Products |
SPORTY'S TEST PREP SOFTWARE NOW HAS FLASHCARD FUNCTION
If a knowledge test is looming, it's essential to study and prepare. Sporty's "Test Prep Guides" on CD-ROM have a new "flashcard" function that let you answer questions without looking at the answers to truly test your knowledge. A click on the screen will let you know if you were correct. You can view tables, charts, or figures on the screen, or print them out ahead of time to help you study more effectively. All "Test Prep Guides" let users take randomly generated timed practice tests and create individual study sessions in which you can choose only the topic you need to review. Software is available for private/recreational pilot, instrument, and commercial knowledge tests. Each is $39.95. For more information or to order, see the Web site.
Note: Products listed have not been evaluated by ePilot editors unless otherwise noted. AOPA assumes no responsibility for products or services listed or for claims or actions by manufacturers or vendors.
| Final Exam |
| Question: As I learn about airspace I'm having difficulty understanding what a TFR is. Can you explain it to me? |
Answer: Absolutely. The FAA will issue a temporary flight restriction (TFR), as necessary, by notam for several reasons. Chapter 3 of the Aeronautical Information Manual outlines the purpose for establishing a TFR along with reference to the specific regulations that apply in FAR 91. Reasons for a TFR are to protect persons or property and provide a safe environment in the vicinity of a disaster area, a hazard area, a major sporting event, an aerial demonstration, or a space operation, and to protect the president, vice president, or other public figure. It is important to obtain a complete weather briefing prior to any flight as a TFR can be issued with very little notice, and it usually is not depicted on any published aeronautical chart. AOPA's Real-Time Flight Planner shows graphical depictions of TFRs where specific location information is provided in the notam. Existing and anticipated TFRs are listed on AOPA Online. For additional information and requirements for flying in the National Airspace System, take the online course, Know Before You Go , and download the new airspace flash cards provided by the AOPA Air Safety Foundation.
Got a question for our technical services staff? E-mail to [email protected] or call the Pilot Information Center, 800/872-2672. Don't forget the online archive of "Final Exam" questions and answers, searchable by keyword or topic.
| Picture Perfect |
|Looking for some really fabulous aviation photography? All the air-to-air photos and beautifully detailed ground images used by AOPA Pilot magazine over the years are yours at the click of a mouse button. Download your favorite images to use for wallpaper, send an e-postcard, or order prints online. For more details, see AOPA Online. |
| What's New At AOPA Online |
|Is it time to take an airman knowledge test? Locate the nearest FAA testing center easily by checking our updated state-by-state listing on AOPA Online. |
| Weekend Weather |
|See the current weather on AOPA Online, provided by Meteorlogix. |
| ePilot Calendar |
| FLYING DESTINATIONS NEXT WEEKEND: |
Lansing, Michigan. The Great Lakes International Aviation Conference takes place January 20 and 21 at the Lansing Center. Don't miss this event-more than 100 exhibitors, maintenance symposium, pilot seminars, avionics presentations, special airport manager/FBO sessions, and more. Saturday keynote speaker is Sean Tucker. AOPA staff will also be presenting a seminar, "Promoting Your Airport 101" on Friday and Saturday. For more information, visit the Web site.
To submit an event to the calendar or to search all events visit AOPA Online. For airport details, see AOPA's Airport Directory Online.
FLIGHT INSTRUCTOR REFRESHER CLINICS
The next AOPA Air Safety Foundation Flight Instructor Refresher Clinics are scheduled in San Jose, California, and Seattle, January 28 and 29. Clinics are also scheduled in Louisville, Kentucky, Oklahoma City, Oklahoma, and Dallas, February 11 and 12. For a complete schedule, see AOPA Online. Can't make it in person? Sign up for the CFI Refresher Online.
AOPA AIR SAFETY FOUNDATION SAFETY SEMINARS
AOPA Air Safety Foundation Safety Seminars are scheduled in Atlanta, January 30; Maryville, Tennessee, January 31; Smyrna, Tennessee, February 1; and Germantown, Tennessee, February 2. The topic is "Do the Right Thing-Decision Making for Pilots." For more details and a complete schedule, see AOPA Online.