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Mar. 02, 2012, issue of 'AOPA ePilot: Flight Training Edition" newsletterMar. 02, 2012, issue of 'AOPA ePilot: Flight Training Edition" newsletter

AOPA ePilot

In This Issue:

VOLUME 12, ISSUE 9 — March 2, 2012

Mushing, then rushing
Astronaut prepares next generation
Plane Spotter: Maule
Final Exam: VOR/DME


Safety >>

Picture Perfect

Picture Perfect >>


AOPA Live >>

Training Tips

Mushing, then rushing

Training TipThe Feb. 24 Training Tip discussed how a stall doesn't have to occur with suddenness or dramatic aerodynamic warnings to rob the pilot of control. If the stall is preceded by a gradual, mushing entry, the exact instant when the aircraft exceeds its critical angle of attack may go unrecognized.

Recovery from such a stealthy stall can be made more complicated, as occasional accident reports show, if the pilot rushes through the steps or doesn't clearly understand what must be done, and why.

The particulars vary by aircraft, but in a typical trainer's stall recovery, the first step is to lower the angle of attack (AOA) to regain smooth flow of air over control surfaces, bringing back control responsiveness. Next, “maximum allowable” power is added, and wings are leveled. In training or on a practical test, completion of the maneuver involves resuming straight-and-level flight “with a minimum loss of altitude appropriate for the airplane.”

When practiced stall recoveries don’t quite measure up, a common cause is failing to give step one—lowering the AOA—enough respect and giving step two—adding power—too much. The result can be a prolonged recovery with excessive altitude loss, or a surprise secondary stall. Reasons for the faulty technique can include anxiety about getting through the maneuver, or an incorrect idea about the role each step plays in the recovery.

Remember: It is lowering the AOA, not adding power, that breaks the stall.

A way to dispel any misunderstanding about that is to practice recoveries from stalls without using power. Starting at a generously safe entry altitude, perform a clearing turn and a normal stall entry. After lowering the AOA to initiate the recovery, continue to accelerate in the glide until reaching an airspeed at which control is fully regained. Note the pitch attitude, how much time it takes to regain control effectiveness, and altitude lost. Then add power and resume normal cruise flight.

Not only will your next conventional stall recovery using power be smoother—and be more instinctive—after some power-off recovery practice, but you also will have acquired a better appreciation of how much altitude loss is avoided when using power as recommended, and perhaps decide that a maneuver you once found stressful is actually fun and a confidence builder. For more insights into angle of attack, see this Webinar from the Air Safety Institute.

Flight Training News

Astronaut prepares next generation of explorers

NASA astronaut Nicole P. Stott was one of six on board the final mission for the space shuttle Discovery in February 2011. Her final flight was a highlight, if not the culmination, of a space flight career that launched in many ways at a small Florida airport, riding in her father’s Skybolt. Her current assignment finds her back in Florida as NASA gears up to assist commercial operators preparing for space missions. Read more >>

Texas teen continues family aviation tradition

For Robert William “Will” Kembel, flying is a family tradition—a tradition he intends to continue. The 17-year-old from Denton, Texas, recently completed his private pilot certificate in a Piper Cherokee 235. Grandfather Gary Lynch was a test pilot for Bell Helicopter. Grandfather Robert Darrel Kembel is an instrument-rated private pilot, and Will’s father is a private pilot with a glider rating. Will plans to push on with instrument, commercial, and glider training.

AirVenture to host mentoring camp for young women

Women Soar, You Soar, a four-day mentoring camp for young women, will take place July 26 through July 29 at EAA AirVenture in Oshkosh, Wis. The program is available to girls entering grades 9 through 12 in fall 2012, and is intended to introduce them to aviation-based careers. Participants will use flight simulators, assemble wing ribs, and attend workshops and mentor sessions. They’ll also experience attractions taking place during the final weekend of AirVenture. Applications will be accepted through June 29. The $75 participation fee covers lodging at the University of Wisconsin, meals, and admission to AirVenture. For more information or to register, see the website.

Between a cloud and a hard place

Don’t take a look-and-see attitude when it comes to weather. Do you have personal weather minimums? If not, develop them now. Think about it: While you’re on the ground, visibility might seem just right, and the ceilings may look like they’re at a comfortable height. But it’s the unexpected, deteriorating weather that catches pilots off guard, sometimes flying them into an unrecoverable situation. Especially critical is the temperature/dew point spread. Learn to interpret the weather by taking the Air Safety Institute’s Weather Wise: Ceiling and Visibility free online course.

Training Resources

Whether you’ve logged thousands of hours or recently began learning to fly, the decision-making and risk-management process can sometimes be arduous. While airline pilots consult company guidelines, general aviation pilots are mostly left to their own judgment for go/no-go decisions. Worried about external pressures fouling your decision? Then take a more formal approach. Plug your profile and expected fight conditions into the Air Safety Institute's ASI Flight Risk Evaluator and let this nifty application suggest the best course of action. Of course, as pilot in command you’re still in charge of the final go/no-go decision.


Did you know that student pilots who join AOPA are three times more likely to complete their flight training? Membership includes unlimited access to aviation information by phone (800/USA-AOPA, weekdays from 8:30 a.m. to 6 p.m. Eastern time) or from Flight Training Online or AOPA Online. If you're not already a member, join today and get the pilot’s edge. Login information is available online.


The last six inches

Landing: the last six inches We strive to make perfect landings, but sometimes it’s hard to put the pieces together. This video, which first appeared in the digital edition of the February Flight Training story “The last six inches,” will help you to solve the puzzle. Watch Flight Training Editor Ian Twombly fly three approaches—one on speed and on glidepath, and two that are fast. You’ll quickly be able to see that when you’re on target for the first two parts, the third part—the touchdown—comes exactly when it should. Watch the video >>

Career Pilot sponsors job fair in Las Vegas

A global pilot job fair and career conference sponsored by will take place April 13 in Las Vegas, Nev. Employers that are confirmed to attend include AirNet, CAE SimuFlite, Cape Air, Compass Airlines, Emirates Airlines, ExpressJet, GoJet, SkyWest, Southwest, United, and Virgin America. The event is open to members. For more information or to register, see the website.

Expanded crew screening program sought

Airlines for America (A4A) and the Air Line Pilots Association (ALPA) announced on Feb. 15 their intent to expand the Known Crewmember program to more U.S. airports in 2012, following a successful test of the risk-based security program at seven hub airports. The test, launched in April 2011, enables TSA officers to verify the identity and employment status of airline pilots, who already undergo thorough criminal background and employment checks as a condition of their employment. The program allows pilots to utilize a more efficient security-screening process; both ALPA and A4A have asked the TSA to include flight attendants in the future.

Plane Spotter

The mighty Maule

Maule M-4 Start in the year 1961 with a basic but distinctively rugged-looking tailwheel aircraft design. Continue developing new concepts—including a few nosewheel and turboprop variants—and you will have the basic idea behind the family of aircraft produced by Maule Air Inc. of Moultrie, Ga. A Maule MX-7-180 might taxi in to your airport or become a member of the resident population. This taildragger seats four or five, weighs up to 2,500 pounds on the ramp, and is powered by a 180-horsepower Lycoming engine. Look also for a constant-speed propeller.

Training Products

Practical Test Standards eBooks from ASA

Want to keep those all-important practical test standards within reach? ASA offers the pertinent PTS for many certificates and ratings in eBook format. For example, you can purchase the Sport Pilot, Private Pilot Airplane (Single-Engine Land), Instrument (Airline, Helicopter, and Powered Lift), or Commercial Pilot (Single or Multiengine Land) PTS. Each is $4.95. For more information, see the website or call 800/272-2359 (800/ASA2FLY).


Note: Products listed have not been evaluated by ePilot editors unless otherwise noted. AOPA assumes no responsibility for products or services listed or for claims or actions by manufacturers or vendors.

Member Benefits

Three new discounts add value to AOPA membership

Three more companies have joined the AOPA Lifestyles Member Discounts Program, a free core membership benefit available to all AOPA members. New offers include $10 off any $100 or more online order at Desser Tire and Rubber Co., the world's largest aircraft tire distributor; a 10-percent discount toward the purchase of a new hangar from Worldwide Steel Buildings; and a 10-percent discount on all aviation interior services from Aviation Design. Read more >>

AOPA Legal Services Plan not just for violations

Beyond planning ahead for the day you find yourself in trouble with the FAA, there are other reasons to sign up for AOPA’s Legal Services Plan. If you’re in the market to buy an airplane, it can be invaluable. The nearly 700 panel attorneys who participate in AOPA's Legal Services Plan know where the minefields are in the aircraft purchase process, and the plan will provide you with up to one hour with a panel attorney (two hours for Legal Services Plan Plus) to help you avoid them. Read more >>


The places you'll go: An ice runway in New Hampshire

In this week's Flight Training blog, Patrick Collins describes his trip to the nation's only registered ice runway in the new reader-submitted feature, “The places you’ll go.” Also, pro pilot blogger Chip Wright says 2011-2012 has been an easy winter for him. Has it been that way for you?

If you see this, you're on final to Tahiti

Have you been following the adventures of the Slovenian pilot flying around the world in a Pipistrel motorglider? In the Reporting Points blog, AOPA Pilot Senior Editor Al Marsh shows you the breathtaking view that the pilot saw as he landed in Tahiti to investigate engine vibrations and a leaky carburetor.

AOPA Career Opportunities

Ever dream of turning your passion for aviation into a career? We’re looking for a manager of regulatory affairs, director of new market development, associate project manager, online product manager, marketing specialist–products, aviation education program developer, accounting manager, and associate editor–Web/ ePilot. To learn more about other AOPA career opportunities, visit AOPA Online.


Picture Perfect

AOPA’s online photo gallery allows you to upload your own aviation photography as well as view, rate, and comment on others’ photos. Your favorite aviation images from AOPA Pilot are still available online through this new gallery. Take a look, and submit your own photos!

Picture Perfect

Facebook Become a fan

RSS feed Subscribe to the RSS feed


Want something to do this weekend? Planning an aviation getaway? See your personalized online calendar of events . We’ve enhanced our calendar so that with one click you can see all of the events listed in the regions you selected when personalizing ePilot . Now you can browse events in your region to make planning easier. You can also bookmark the personalized calendar page to check it as often as you want. Before you take off on an adventure, make sure you check our current aviation weather provided by Jeppesen.

To include an event or to search all events in the calendar, visit AOPA Online. For airport details, including FBO fuel prices, see AOPA Airports.

Final Exam

Question: When navigating to a VOR/DME station, how do I know if both the VOR and DME systems are working properly?


Answer: When a DME (distance measuring equipment) is co-located with a VOR (VHF omnidirectional radio range navaid), the specific DME frequency is paired with the VOR frequency so you only have to dial in one frequency, reducing the risk of errors. Both the VOR and DME have the same Morse code for identification, but they are broadcast at different intervals and with different tones. A VOR is working properly if you hear the Morse code every 10 seconds modulated at 1020 Hz. The DME code can be heard every 30 seconds and modulated at 1350 Hz. If you notice a gap in the broadcast and only hear a single code every 30 seconds, the DME is working properly, but the VOR is not. Be sure to check all notices to airmen (notams) with flight service before any flight so you are aware of any navigational aids that may be out of service. For additional information on utilizing your airplane’s navigation equipment, visit AOPA Online.

CORRECTION: The Feb. 24 Final Exam on military training routes incorrectly referred to obtaining Department of Defense Flight Information Publication (FLIP) charts. They are no longer available to the public. AOPA regrets the error.


Got a question for our technical services staff? Email [email protected] or call the Pilot Information Center, 800/872-2672. Don’t forget the online archive of “Final Exam” questions and answers, searchable by keyword or topic.

Instrument Tip

IFR Fix: Real or imagined?

IFR Fix: Real or imagined? Would it surprise you to learn that, once you’re finished with instrument training, flying actual approaches in “the real world” could turn out to be less problematic than you imagined? Hard to believe, but it’s true. At least, it’s true until those other “real world” problems creep into the picture. Time constraints … work pressures … dodgy navigation equipment. All of these will have an impact on your aeronautical decision making. And since it’s not a training situation, you can’t just call your instructor and say you’re staying home. Read more >>

Flight Instructor Refresher Clinics

Air Safety Institute Safety Seminars

March 3 and 4

Ontario, Calif.

San Mateo, Calif.

Virginia Beach, Va.

March 10 and 11

Phoenix, Ariz..

Orlando, Fla.

March 17 and 18

King of Prussia, Pa.

March 24 and 25

Baltimore, Md.


For a complete schedule, see AOPA Online.

Can’t make it in person? Sign up for the CFI Refresher Online.

March 5

Bedford, Mass.



March 14

Frederick, Md.

March 20

Birmingham, Ala.

March 21

Marietta, Ga.


Topics vary—for details and a complete schedule, see AOPA Online.

AOPA ePilot Team

ePilot Flight Training Editor:
Jill W. Tallman

ePilot Editor:
Sarah Brown

Contributors: Alyssa Miller
Jim Moore
Warren Morningstar
Alton K. Marsh

Dave Hirschman
Tom Horne
Ian J. Twombly
Dan Namowitz

Production Team: Melissa Whitehouse
Siobhan Byrne
Lezlie Ramsey
William Rockenbaugh
Mitch Mitchell

Advertise in ePilot:
East: Mike Vodarsik, 732/946-0130
Central: Brian Curpier, 607/547-2591
Central: Gary Brennan, 607/547-2591
West: Zane Lewis, 214/789-6094

AOPA Advertising website

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