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Sept. 07, 2012, issue of 'AOPA ePilot: Flight Training Edition' weekly newsletterSept. 07, 2012, issue of 'AOPA ePilot: Flight Training Edition' weekly newsletter

AOPA ePilot

In This Issue:

VOLUME 12, ISSUE 36 — September 7, 2012

Two runways, same numbers
NFlightcam launches Solo Hall of Fame
Plane Spotter: Cirrus SR22
Final Exam: Chart symbols


Safety >>

Picture Perfect

Picture Perfect >>


AOPA Live >>

Training Tips

Two runways, same numbers

Training TipWhen a student pilot ventures forth on those first cross-country flights, it quickly becomes obvious that all those airports out there present an endless variety of runway layouts, lengths, widths, and procedures for arriving and departing. From obstacles on final to nonstandard traffic pattern altitudes or right-hand traffic, your destination airports broaden your terminal-area experience and enhance your general operating knowledge and confidence.


One airport layout that is important to understand because of its unique operating considerations (including a new twist for your communications) is an airport with parallel runways. Because the runway numbers are identical, it becomes necessary to make clear whether you are taking off or landing, for example, on Runway 19L (left) or Runway 19R (right). Be sure to include that information in your radio transmissions.


Chapter 4-3-3 of the Aeronautical Information Manual presents and illustrates general traffic-pattern operating procedures for airports with parallel runways. Note the importance of avoiding a traffic pattern that might penetrate the approach or departure path of the other runway.


With Runways 05L-23R and 05R-23L separated by airport terminal buildings, Raleigh-Durham International Airport is an example of a major airport with parallel runways.


A general aviation airport can have a parallel-runway layout, too—such as this one in Manassas, Va., with 5,700-foot-long and 3,704-foot-long runways.


Check details of airport operations carefully before you head for a parallel-runway destination. For example, it is right traffic for Runway 01R-19L at the recently opened Brunswick Executive Airport in Maine, a former naval air station. A careful reading of the airport's listing in the airport/facility directory contains this message about the other parallel runway: “Rwy 01L–19R CLOSED indef.” For added situational awareness, print out a copy of your destination airport's taxiway diagram and carry it on your kneeboard.


Busy airports may have arrivals and departures taking place simultaneously on parallel runways. If you are on final approach to Runway 23R, be sure to stay situationally aware of operations on Runway 23L. Is there a possible wake turbulence hazard?


An airport can have more than two parallel runways, in which case the letter C (center) follows the runway number, such as Runway 17C-35C at Dallas/Fort Worth International Airport.


It may be some time before you come face to face with the need to operate at an airport with parallel runways. Getting some early practice learning their unique requirements will help you be ready when the time comes.

Flight Training News

NFlightcam launches Solo Hall of Fame

NFlightcam—the company that customizes high-definition Contour video cameras for aviation use—is launching a program that allows student pilots to record their initial solo flights free on an NFlightcam, send them to the company for editing, and share the finished products via email, YouTube, and Facebook. Read more >>

Ninety-Nines post 2013 scholarships

The International Association of Women Pilots (The Ninety-Nines) is accepting applications for the 2013 Amelia Earhart Memorial Scholarships and Awards. Scholarships are available for certificated pilot members to advance in training and education in aviation and aerospace, including scholarships to complete additional certificates and ratings, type ratings, college degrees, technical training, and emergency maneuver training. A New Pilot Award will provide $2,000 to the recipient toward a sport, recreational, or private pilot certificate. Applications are due Dec. 20. For more information, see the website.

Eastern Michigan aviation program names new director

Eastern Michigan University, Ypsilanti, Mich., has tapped Chris Sorenson to be director of operations and chief flight instructor at its aviation program. Sorenson, an EMU alumnus, will run ground schools and manage day-to-day operations at the college’s Eagle Flight Center, which operates out of Willow Run Airport in Detroit and a satellite operation at Capital Region International Airport in Lansing. EMU’s aviation program offers bachelor’s degrees in aviation flight technology, aviation management, and dispatch certification.

‘Flying for a Lifetime’ fall safety seminar debuts

You pay close attention to your airplane, search out hidden problems, and generally keep a wary eye on things—because, after all, airplanes change as they age. So do pilots. These changes can be subtle—but do you give them the attention they really deserve? Join the Air Safety Institute in a fun, fast-paced look at how to maintain a high level of safety for every flight in your life. Check seminar dates and locations near you.

Top five reasons to catch AOPA's Parade of Planes

AOPA’s Parade of Planes returns after six years. Watch as dozens of aircraft taxi under their own power from Palm Springs International Airport to the Palm Springs Convention Center on Oct. 10. Here are the top five reasons you won’t want to miss this parade. Read more >>

Arizona State University adds King Air simulator

Arizona State University’s College of Technology and Innovation has acquired an Elite King Air advanced aviation training device. The AATD features dual electronic flight information systems (EFIS), a Garmin GNS 530 WAAS GPS, and a high-definition worldwide visual scenery database. It allows an instructor to simulate cabin depressurization, engine fires, engine power loss and failure, hot and hung starts, and GPS receiver autonomous integrity monitoring (RAIM) failures. ASU’s aviation program also has Frasca CRJ200, single engine, and twin/single engine flight training devices, a CAE full flight simulator, and a CAE CRJ-100/200/700/900 simulator.

Flight school opens at Pennsylvania airport

Cargill Aeronautical Academy held an open house Aug. 25 at Capital City Airport in Harrisburg, Pa. The flight school offers training for the private, commercial, flight instructor, and flight instructor-instrument certificates, as well as for the instrument rating. The fleet includes two Cessna 172s, a Piper Cherokee, a Socata Trinidad, a Diamond DA20 and Diamond DA40, and a Redbird flight simulator.

What does ADS-B mean for you?

Confused about the upcoming automatic dependent surveillance-broadcast (ADS-B) requirements? Not sure if they apply to you? Take the newest online course from the Air Safety Institute, ADS-B for General Aviation: The Basics , and find out what this new technology means to the way you fly. Learn the basics on how it works, who is affected by its implementation, and the benefits of flying with ADS-B. Armed with the right information, you’ll be able to take advantage of the information ADS-B has the potential to give you.

Training Resources

You know about the dangers of walking near spinning propellers. But there are other hidden obstacles and hazards lurking while you and your passengers navigate to and from hangars and tiedown spots. Even a simple walk around the aircraft can cause someone to trip over a tiedown rope or walk into sharp surfaces like wing trailing edges or pitot tubes. Download the Air Safety Institute’s Ramp Operations safety brief before your next flight for a quick refresher on the rules of the ramp.


Did you know that student pilots who join AOPA are three times more likely to complete their flight training? Membership includes unlimited access to aviation information by phone (800/USA-AOPA, weekdays from 8:30 a.m. to 6 p.m. Eastern time) or from Flight Training Online or AOPA Online. If you’re not already a member, join today and get the pilot’s edge. Login information is available online.


Velocity’s V-Twin

Velocity V-Twin Velocity Aircraft, creators of the experimental aircraft known for its distinctive canard design, now has a twin-engine version. AOPA Pilot Senior Editor Dave Hirschman recently flew the V-Twin, and calls the aircraft “stable, responsive, … a joy to fly.” Its speed and range are notable, too: 185 knots true airspeed at 75 percent power. “It’s different from anything else out there,” Hirschman says in a segment that appeared in AOPA Live This Week, Aug. 30. Watch Hirschman fly the V-Twin and find out why he says it could breathe new life into the stagnant twin market.

Career Pilot

First Gateway graduates seated in JetBlue cockpits

A four-way collaboration between JetBlue Airways, Cape Air, the University of North Dakota, and Embry-Riddle Aeronautical University has paid off for two pilots who recently joined JetBlue as first officers. Shanti Merriman and Daniel Thurber, both Cape Air captains and Embry-Riddle graduates, passed the JetBlue interview and report for duty in a few weeks, Cape Air announced Aug. 23. The University Gateway Program was started four years ago as a pipeline with clearly delineated steps that take young pilots from Aviation Accreditation Board International-approved programs through internships at Cape Air or JetBlue, undergraduate work with experience as flight instructors, and hands-on flying at Cape Air.

Allegiant Air pilots vote to join Teamsters

Pilots at Allegiant Air have voted to join the Airline Professionals Association, Teamsters Local 1224 in Wilmington, Ohio, the Teamsters Airline Division announced Aug. 23. The approximately 350 pilots of Allegiant Air—a subsidiary of Las Vegas-based Allegiant Travel Company—fly McDonnell Douglas MD-80 and Boeing 757 aircraft. Teamsters Local 1224 now represents flight-crew members employed by ABX Air, Allegiant Air, Atlas Air, Cape Air, Horizon Airways, Kalitta Air, Miami Air, Omni Air International, Silver Airways, and Southern Air.

Plane Spotter

Cirrus SR22: Fixed gear, but fast

Cirrus SR22 You could forgive a plane spotter who was looking for the fastest single-engine airplane on the line for walking past that fixed-gear four-seater. To go fast, you have to retract the wheels, right? Now look a little closer. This is a composite-built Cirrus SR22 (like the one that won the 2012 Air Race Classic). Powered by a six-cylinder Continental engine of 310 horsepower, it can cruise at about 180 knots while carrying 1,107 pounds of useful load. Plane spotter’s tip: Note the distinctive cuff on a Cirrus wing's leading edge.

Training Products

CloudAhoy app lets you debrief each flight

Wondering how your ground track looks on a turn around a point, or if that ILS approach was as flawless as it felt in the air? A free app called CloudAhoy collects flight data as you fly, and then lets you debrief the flight on the ground. You’ll need to create an account with CloudAhoy, and then download the app, currently supported by iOS. (You can use the app on up to four devices with the same account, and you’ll also need an external GPS if your device doesn’t have one.) Start the app before you start the engine; allow it to transmit the data to the CloudAhoy server after the flight. Then log in to your account and the flight is ready for your review. For more information, see the website.


Note: Products listed have not been evaluated by ePilot editors unless otherwise noted. AOPA assumes no responsibility for products or services listed or for claims or actions by manufacturers or vendors.

Member Benefits

Testing the limits

The most important coverage on your policy is often the most misunderstood: aircraft liability limits. You hear us banter around insurance terms such as smooth limits, combined single limit, sublimits, per passenger versus per person, et cetera. What does it all mean? Read more >>

Frequent headaches?

Pilots must answer whether they have a history of “frequent or severe headaches” on their medical application. But what, exactly, constitutes a frequent or severe headache? Is three headaches a month frequent, or three a year? How do we determine severity? On a scale of one to 10, which is how your doctor would normally ask you to gauge the pain? Or how often you have to take medications to stop the headache? Find out what the FAA says in this latest installment from AOPA’s Pilot Protection Services. Read more >>


Don't forget the logbooks! And other useful checkride tips

Flight Training Facebook readers share the most helpful tips they received before taking a checkride. Also in the Flight Training blog, Chip Wright discusses the factors that a professional pilot has to consider when pondering the move from first officer to captain.

Stuff your CFII may not have told you

AOPA Foundation President Bruce Landsberg says he learned a lot of practical lessons about instrument flying after he earned the rating—such as the fact that weather is what you find, not what is forecast. In this week’s Leading Edge blog, he asks for your submissions for an upcoming presentation at AOPA Aviation Summit in Palm Springs, Calif.

AOPA Career Opportunities

Ever dream of turning your passion for aviation into a career? We’re looking for a director of media relations, director of legislative affairs, major gifts officer, accounts payable technician, administrative coordinator, aviation technical generalist, and Web graphic designer. To learn more about other AOPA career opportunities, visit AOPA Online.


Picture Perfect

AOPA’s online photo gallery allows you to upload your own aviation photography as well as view, rate, and comment on others’ photos. Your favorite aviation images from AOPA Pilot are still available online through this new gallery. Take a look, and submit your own photos!

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Picture Perfect


Want something to do this weekend? Planning an aviation getaway? See your personalized online calendar of events . We’ve enhanced our calendar so that with one click you can see all of the events listed in the regions you selected when personalizing ePilot . Now you can browse events in your region to make planning easier. You can also bookmark the personalized calendar page to check it as often as you want. Before you take off on an adventure, make sure you check our current aviation weather provided by Jeppesen.

To include an event or to search all events in the calendar, visit AOPA Online. For airport details, including FBO fuel prices, see AOPA Airports.

Final Exam

Question: What is the meaning of the magenta-colored “T” over “SFC” near Oakland, Calif., on the San Francisco Sectional?


Answer: This is information on Class C altitudes. The top number (or letter) indicates the ceiling of the Class C airspace. The bottom number (or letters) indicates the floor of the airspace. In this particular case, “T” indicates that the ceiling is to, but not including the floor of Class B airspace. The “SFC” indicates that this airspace goes to the surface, and the “15” indicates that it goes down to 1,500 feet msl. For more information on chart symbology, refer to the Aeronautical Chart User’s Guide, available for free download.

Got a question for our technical services staff? Email [email protected] or call the Pilot Information Center, 800/872-2672. Don’t forget the online archive of “Final Exam” questions and answers, searchable by keyword or topic.

Instrument Tip

IFR Fix: How is your Morse code?

IFR Fix: How is your Morse code? Two submarine captains are sizing each other up through their periscopes. Neither speaks the other’s language—but suddenly the senior sailors are conversing in Morse code in a climactic, disbelief-suspended scene of the movie The Hunt for Red October. How would that film—about a Soviet-era nuclear-sub captain (Sean Connery) attempting to defect—have ended if two English-speaking pilots had replaced Connery and counterpart Scott Glenn at the periscope eyepieces, if the pilot also had to use Morse code as his medium? It might not have been pretty. Read more >>

Flight Instructor Refresher Clinics

Air Safety Institute Safety Seminars

Sept. 8 and 9

Phoenix, Ariz.

Baltimore, Md.

Bellevue, Wash.

Sept. 22 and 23

Sacramento, Calif.

Colorado Springs, Colo.

Richmond, Va.

Oct. 6 and 7

Indianapolis, Ind.

Corpus Christi, Texas


Oct. 13 and 14

Windsor Locks, Conn.

Fort Lauderdale, Fla.

Nashville, Tenn.


For a complete schedule, see AOPA Online.

Can’t make it in person? Sign up for the CFI Refresher Online.

Sept. 10

Wichita, Kan.

Ypsilanti, Mich.

Germantown, Tenn.

Sept. 11

Independence, Ohio

Bethany, Okla.

Nashville, Tenn.

Sept. 12

Fayetteville, Ark.

Columbus, Ohio

Maryville, Tenn.

Sept. 13

Little Rock, Ark.

Indianapolis, Ind.


Topics vary—for details and a complete schedule, see AOPA Online.

AOPA ePilot Team

ePilot Flight Training Editor:
Jill W. Tallman

ePilot Editor:
Sarah Brown

Alyssa Miller
Jim Moore
Warren Morningstar
Alton K. Marsh

Dave Hirschman
Tom Horne
Ian J. Twombly
Dan Namowitz

Production Team:
Melissa Whitehouse
Siobhan Byrne
Lezlie Ramsey
William Rockenbaugh
Mitch Mitchell

Advertise in ePilot:
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