The steps required to earn a pilot certificate can sometimes seem endless, but the practical test — more commonly known as the flight test — is the last obstacle. The practical test, generally administered by a designated pilot examiner, consists of two parts: an oral examination and the flight test itself. Here are answers to some common questions about this evaluation.
There are several endorsements you will need, so be sure you have them all. You will need an endorsement for your solo flights, both on your student pilot certificate (one-time) and in your logbook (every 90 days), for your solo cross-countries, for your knowledge test (the written), and for your practical test.
That's the never-ending decision in aviation, particularly when it comes to interpreting weather reports, forecasts, and their nuances. If this sounds familiar, you're certainly in good company. If you are ever in this situation, it may be advisable to at least complete the oral part of the exam. The flight can occur on another day as long as you ensure that your knowledge tests and your endorsements don't expire between the oral and the flight.
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If a disagreement between an applicant and an examiner becomes serious, the applicant may contact the FAA's governing Flight Standards District Office. This is a no-win situation that can usually be prevented with professionalism on the part of all concerned. Disagreements over actual test procedures are infrequent, but can occur. Become familiar with the rules, which are described in FAR 61.43. Remember to maintain your composure and be professional.
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The General Aviation Operations Inspector's Handbook, Order 8700.1 is the source, which will give you the guidelines for FAA inspectors. Additionally, the Pilot Examiners Handbook is the basic equivalent for the FAA designated examiner.
Examiner's Handbook> (PDF version)
General Aviation Operations Inspector's Handbook (FAA Web site)>
You have 60 days. If the 60-day time frame has lapsed, you will need to fly with your instructor again and receive another endorsement. See FAR 61.39, Prerequisites for practical tests, Paragraph 6.
PART 61 -- Certification: Pilots, flight instructors and ground instructors>