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June 28, 2013, issue of 'AOPA ePilot: Flight Training Edition' weekly newsletterJune 28, 2013, issue of 'AOPA ePilot: Flight Training Edition' weekly newsletter

AOPA ePilot

In This Issue:

VOLUME 13, ISSUE 26 — June 28, 2013

Constant bank, changing pressures
Michigan program promotes GA
Plane Spotter: Gulfstream G200
Final Exam: Charity flights


Training Tips

Constant bank, changing pressures

Training TipA student pilot and a flight instructor are reviewing after a session of flight-test prep for the student’s private pilot checkride. The focus is on the slow flight and stall maneuvers to be demonstrated on the flight test, and the honing of the student’s understanding of the all-important angle-of-attack concept.


In a mock oral exam, the CFI asks, “What is a key difference between the straight-ahead power-on stalls we performed today and the power-on stalls we performed in turning flight?”


The checkride applicant replies, “Maintaining the bank angle of 20 degrees was a challenge during the turning stall entries. The necessary control pressures kept changing. Not just bank, but the pitch and rudder inputs, too!”


What was going on?


Find the explanation in Chapter 4 of the Airplane Flying Handbook; it’s cited as a reference for the maneuver in the Private Pilot Practical Test Standards.


During the approach to a power-on turning stall, the pilot must control both an overbanking tendency and a tendency toward lower pitch while maintaining “the pitch attitude that will induce a stall,” as required for the PTS task.


With the aircraft established in a nose-high turning attitude, “the angle of bank has a tendency to increase,” explains the chapter. “This occurs because with the airspeed decreasing, the airplane begins flying in a smaller and smaller arc. Since the outer wing is moving in a larger radius and traveling faster than the inner wing, it has more lift and causes an overbanking tendency.”


As for pitch: “At the same time, because of the decreasing airspeed and lift on both wings, the pitch attitude tends to lower.”


The busy pilot must control another effect as well: “In addition, since the airspeed is decreasing while the power setting remains constant, the effect of torque becomes more prominent, causing the airplane to yaw.”


All that explains why constantly changing control pressures are needed to perform a maneuver that uses a single, specified bank angle “not to exceed 20 degrees, ±10 degrees.”


And here’s a follow-up tip for a smooth turning stall entry and recovery: When the stall occurs, remember during your recovery to ease off on those aggressive control pressures; they won’t be needed for control when induced drag decreases with the lower angle of attack, and flight control responsiveness returns!

Flight Training News

Michigan high school program promotes GA

Howell, Mich.-based Crosswinds Aviation is hoping that a program it's doing with Howell High School and the local EAA Young Eagles chapter will help get more youths interested in general aviation. Crosswinds and the high school hosted a Young Eagles event June 4 for students participating in the aviation ground school course starting at the high school in the fall. Read more >>

Two weeks to triumph

Eight teenagers got down to business during a two-week odyssey helping to build two Glasair kit airplanes. The teens, who attend high schools in Michigan and Minnesota, arrived in Arlington, Wash., on June 16 after winning an aircraft design competition sponsored by Build A Plane and the General Aviation Manufacturers Association. They spent two weeks at the Glasair factory in Arlington, working alongside mentors and company representatives who shepherded them through Glasair’s Two Weeks to Taxi program. Read more >>

How can you get the most out of your flight training?

Staying on track and keeping motivated are key components of a good flight training experience. How do you achieve and maintain that momentum? Join Flight Training Editor Ian J. Twombly and Technical Editor Jill W. Tallman for the July Facebook chat at 3 p.m. Eastern on Tuesday, July 2. Guest chatter will be Flight Training Contributing Editor Jamie Beckett, who writes frequently about the state of general aviation. As always, we welcome other questions about flight training. Go here to set an email reminder or view transcripts of previous chats.

Tuskegee Airmen help Atlanta minority student pilot training program

A new aviation training program targeting minority students in Atlanta is getting a helping hand from some of the original Tuskegee Airmen, reports WSB-TV. The aviation legends, in partnership with their local chapter and Delta Air Lines, are working with 30 students to give them hands-on training and expose them to different aviation careers.

Air Safety Institute soars past 8,000 ‘likes’

Become an air safety activist and join the ever-expanding Air Safety Institute Facebook fan page. Over the past year, the Air Safety Institute Facebook community has more than doubled in size thanks to the support from pilots like you. By “liking” the page, you can learn more about new Air Safety Institute products as soon as they are released, submit suggestions for improvement directly to the institute, and connect and discuss safety-related topics with pilots from around the world. “Like” today >>

Company proposes travel/flight training program

The principals of San Francisco-based Visionary Airlines hope they can get funds via an Indiegogo fundraising campaign to create the Flight Training Adventure, which will allow students to travel within California while logging time toward a private pilot certificate. Those who contribute can earn special perks, including flights around San Francisco Bay or to Yosemite National Park.

Leaving the nest

As pilots, the world is our backyard, and long-distance travels can be completed with relative ease. But we also live in a world with borders. Thus, there is the potential for long waits for general aviation pilots to receive clearance from U.S. Customs and Border Protection. The electronic Advance Passenger Information System, or eAPIS, is available to speed your way through the process. It is not only a good idea—it is the law. Learn more about this system, and how to use it when you travel abroad, by taking the Air Safety Institute’s Understanding eAPIS: A Pilot’s Guide to Customs Reporting online course. Log in and take the course >>

Training Resources

Air Safety Institute offers airport markings flash cards

These flash cards, prepared by the Air Safety Institute, are a handy way to learn the meanings of airport surface markings. What may look like randomly striped lines on taxiways and runways actually convey critical safety information to pilots, communicating where they can and cannot go. Download the cards >>


Did you know that student pilots who join AOPA are three times more likely to complete their flight training? Membership includes unlimited access to aviation information by phone (800/USA-AOPA, weekdays from 8:30 a.m. to 8 p.m. Eastern time) or from Flight Training Online or AOPA Online. If you’re not already a member, join today and get the pilot’s edge. Login information is available online.


Behind the scenes of ‘Planes,’ remembering a wing walker

Watch an exclusive interview with the director of the new Disney film Planes. AOPA continues to press U.S. Customs and Border Protection about pilot stops and aircraft searches. What you should drink and eat while flying, according to Dr. Jonathan Sackier. And remembering wing walker Jane Wicker, who was killed during a performance June 22. AOPA Live This Week, June 27 >>

Career Pilot

Florida Tech and Copa Airlines join for flight training

The Florida Institute of Technology College of Aeronautics is now associated with the Latin American Academy for Superior Aviation, a nonprofit institution sponsored by Panama flag carrier Copa Airlines. Under the deal, Florida Tech will provide pilot training and management oversight for the new school through its flight training arm, FIT Aviation. Training, already begun with an initial 40 students from Panama and elsewhere in Latin America, supports Florida Tech’s ongoing program in Panama to offer aviation degrees.

FedEx shedding thirsty jets

With the economy not growing as quickly as forecast, FedEx Corp.—which is undergoing a $1.7 billion restructuring—will accelerate plans to retire 86 older, inefficient aircraft, Bloomberg reported June 4. The carrier is retiring five Airbus A310s and five McDonnell Douglas MD-10s immediately, and will accelerate the scheduled retirements of 60 MD-10s and 16 A310s. FedEx has ordered 70 new Boeing 777 and 767 jets, and said in March it would buy 14 used 757s from United Continental Holdings—a number that could increase.


For more aviation career news, see the Flight Training website.

Plane Spotter

The airplane from another Galaxy

Gulfstream G200Plane spotting is best practiced on terra firma. Still, plane spotters’ knowledge goes where they go—and nothing will grab the attention of two spotters flying the traffic pattern in a Cessna 172 like the tower saying, “Make short approach. Your traffic is a Galaxy on a two-mile final.” Landing and (promptly) taxiing clear, the plane spotters check how closely the huge C-5 was trailing, only to see a mid-sized business jet touching down. Did somebody cut in? No. This is a Gulfstream G200, named after its original manufacturer, Galaxy Aerospace.

Training Products

Private pilot handbook on sale

Dyer’s Ground School Workbook for Private Pilots is on sale for $31.50 at The workbook provides students with a set of exercises and study questions matched chapter by chapter to the FAA’s Pilot’s Handbook of Aeronautical Knowledge. Student pilots would use the workbook in conjunction with their ground or flight training to better understand the ground school material.

Study guide on severe weather flying

The book Severe Weather Flying, by Dennis Newton, describes how to anticipate hazardous weather conditions, avoid them in flight, and get out of them when encountered. The book costs $17.50.


Note: Products listed have not been evaluated by ePilot editors unless otherwise noted. AOPA assumes no responsibility for products or services listed or for claims or actions by manufacturers or vendors.

Member Benefits

Are you really good to go if it doesn’t say so?

The “it” in the title refers to aircraft maintenance records. FAR 91.403(a) says the owner or operator of an aircraft is primarily responsible for maintaining that aircraft in an airworthy condition. FAR 91.405(b) essentially says that the owner or operator shall ensure that maintenance personnel make appropriate entries in the aircraft maintenance records indicating the aircraft has been approved for return to service following the performance of required maintenance. Log in to read more >>

Obtaining quotes to insure your aircraft

A little trick of the trade is that when requesting quotes, you should never rely solely on the application to present your information. A follow-up phone call with the insurance broker is the best method for getting the best coverage, particularly if you’re a new pilot, insuring a new type of airplane, or planning on flying to new places. Read more >>


Correction: In the June 21 AOPA ePilot Flight Training Edition, the link to “The FAA and depression” article was incorrect. To read “The FAA and depression,” click here. We regret the error.


Diaries of an interviewee

People often ask professional pilot Chip Wright how to get ready for an interview with an airline, and how to do well in an interview. He frequently offers two pieces of advice, and in many cases the advice applies to nonaviation interviews as well. Read more >>

Gust fronts

The Air Safety Institute recently held its annual “Storm Week.” The webinar that was recorded for posterity was attended by more than 900 pilots who had some interest in learning more about boomers from a controller’s perspective, and with some guidance on datalink thrown in. Read more >>

AOPA Career Opportunities

Ever dream of turning your passion for aviation into a career? We’re looking for a new business account manager II, renewal account manager II, aircraft analyst, director of corporate partnerships, marketing specialist, human resources assistant, software test and quality assurance analyst, and AOPA Live editor/graphic artist. To learn more about other AOPA career opportunities, visit AOPA Online.


Picture Perfect

AOPA’s online photo gallery allows you to upload your own aviation photography as well as view, rate, and comment on others’ photos. Your favorite aviation images from AOPA Pilot are still available online through this new gallery. Take a look, and submit your own photos!

FacebookBecome a fan

RSS feedSubscribe to the RSS feed

Picture Perfect


Want something to do this weekend? Planning an aviation getaway? See AOPA’s enhanced calendar of events. Now you can filter events by date range, airport ID, state, or region. Before you take off on an adventure, make sure you check our current aviation weather provided by Jeppesen.

To include an event or to search all events in the calendar, visit AOPA Online. For airport details, including FBO fuel prices, see AOPA Airports.

Final Exam


Question: I’m a newly rated private pilot and a group I’m a part of wants me to donate a charity flight for a silent auction. Can I do it?


Answer: FAR 91.146 specifies what’s required of a private pilot if he or she is going to accomplish a charity flight. The biggest obstacle new private pilots often face is the hour requirement of the regulation. Private pilots are required to have at least 500 hours of flight time before they can conduct operations listed in 91.146. Also, it’s easy to forget a local flight standards district office needs written notification at least seven days before the event is to occur. Take a look at the regulation to see what is required in that notification. Here’s AOPA’s guide on conducting charity flights as well if you’d like to have a refresher.

Got a question for our technical services staff? Email [email protected] or call the Pilot Information Center, 800/872-2672. Don’t forget the online archive of “Final Exam” questions and answers, searchable by keyword or topic.

Instrument Tip

IFR Fix: No tops reports

Slipping into the cloud bases on an IFR departure, you recoil at the sight of ice forming on leading edges as you trim for the climb and turn to the assigned heading. For most instrument pilots, two questions will immediately cry out for any attention that can be spared from the high workload of a departure climb into immediate IMC: “What’s the outside air temperature?” and “Where are the tops?” Read more >>

Flight Instructor Refresher Courses

Air Safety Institute Safety Seminars

July 13 and 14

Jacksonville, Fla.

Newark, N.J.

July 20 and 21

Pittsburgh, Pa.

Memphis, Tenn.

Aug. 3 and 4

Reno, Nev.

Fort Worth, Texas

Aug. 10 and 11

Atlanta, Ga.

Champaign, Ill.

Allentown, Pa.


For a complete schedule, see AOPA Online.

Can’t make it in person? Sign up for the CFI Refresher Online.

Aug. 1

Oshkosh, Wis.


Aug. 2

Oshkosh, Wis.

Aug. 3

Oshkosh, Wis.







Topics vary—for details and a complete schedule, see AOPA Online.

AOPA ePilot Team

ePilot Flight Training Editor:
Benét Wilson

ePilot Editor:
Benét Wilson

Alyssa Miller
Sarah Brown
Jim Moore
Jill W. Tallman
Warren Morningstar

Alton K. Marsh
Dave Hirschman
Tom Horne
Ian J. Twombly
Dan Namowitz

Production Team:
Melissa Whitehouse
Siobhan Byrne
Katie Richardson
Lezlie Ramsey

Advertise in ePilot:
East: Gary Russo, 607/547-2591
East/Central: Brian Curpier, 607/547-2591
Central: Gary Brennan, 607/547-2591
West: Zane Lewis, 214/789-6094

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